Personal Protective Equipment 111

The class “Personal Protective Equipment” introduces the purpose and uses of personal protective equipment (PPE). As defined by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), PPE minimizes exposure to hazards and helps prevent injury. In order to select appropriate PPE, employers must first evaluate the workplace with a hazard assessment. PPE may be categorized by the area of the body it protects. PPE is available in several types, designs, and materials. Every employer is responsible for providing the appropriate PPE for workers who require it, and it is every employee's responsibility to properly wear and use PPE. OSHA does not often specify which types of PPE should be worn, but requires that employers train each employee in proper use and retrain when PPE changes or if PPE is used improperly. After taking this class, users should be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding personal protective equipment and how they impact day-to-day operations in the workplace.

Class Details

Class Name:
Personal Protective Equipment 111
Description:
The class “Personal Protective Equipment” introduces the purpose and uses of personal protective equipment (PPE). As defined by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), PPE minimizes exposure to hazards and helps prevent injury. In order to select appropriate PPE, employers must first evaluate the workplace with a hazard assessment. PPE may be categorized by the area of the body it protects. PPE is available in several types, designs, and materials. Every employer is responsible for providing the appropriate PPE for workers who require it, and it is every employee's responsibility to properly wear and use PPE. OSHA does not often specify which types of PPE should be worn, but requires that employers train each employee in proper use and retrain when PPE changes or if PPE is used improperly. After taking this class, users should be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding personal protective equipment and how they impact day-to-day operations in the workplace.
Version:
2.0
Difficulty:
Beginner
Number of Lessons:
19
Related 1.0 Class:
Personal Protective Equipment 120

Class Outline

  • The Purpose of PPE
  • OSHA PPE Requirements
  • Hazard Assessment
  • Selecting PPE
  • Steps of Hazard Assessment
  • Standards Development
  • PPE Training
  • Eye and Face Protection
  • Types of Eye and Face Protection
  • Hearing Protection
  • PPE
  • Head Protection
  • Types of Hard Hats
  • Foot and Leg Protection
  • Hand and Arm Protection
  • Types of Protective Gloves
  • Protective Clothing
  • The Importance of PPE
  • PPE Material

Objectives

  • Describe the purpose of PPE.
  • Explain OSHA PPE requirements for employers and employees.
  • Explain the common steps performed during a hazard assessment.
  • Identify criteria for selecting PPE.
  • Describe how standards for PPE design are developed.
  • Describe OSHA training requirements for employers.
  • Explain the requirements for eye and face protection.
  • Describe the proper uses of common types of eye and face protection.
  • Describe the most common types of hearing protection.
  • Explain the characteristics of proper head protection equipment.
  • Explain the characteristics of different types of hard hats.
  • Explain the characteristics of common types of foot and leg protection.
  • Explain the characteristics of common forms of hand and arm protection.
  • Explain the characteristics of common safety glove materials.
  • Explain the characteristics of different protective clothing materials.
  • Describe the importance of consistently wearing PPE.

Certifications

Glossary

Vocabulary Term Definition
American National Standards Institute ANSI. A private, non-profit organization that administers the U.S. voluntary standards and conformity assessment system. ANSI provides a process for industry groups to create and publish the specifications for some PPE.
ANSI American National Standards Institute. A private, non-profit organization that administers the U.S. voluntary standards and conformity assessment system. ANSI provides a process for industry groups to create and publish the specifications for some PPE.
arm coverings Fabric or leather sleeve that fits over the arm to protect from various hazards. Arm coverings are used when workers may be exposed to heat, sparks, or splash from chemicals or molten materials.
bump hat A protective head covering used in areas of low clearance that offers minimal protection from minor impacts and abrasions. Bump hats are not ANSI approved.
butyl A non-porous synthetic rubber that is resistant to certain chemicals. Safety gloves made of butyl provide good protection against resins and hardeners.
class E hard hat A protective head covering that offers the highest level of protection against voltage and burns, up to 20,000 volts. A class E hard hat is also known as an electrical hard hat.
class G hard hat A protective head covering that provides limited voltage protection, up to 2,200 volts. A class G hard hat is also known as a general hard hat.
combination foot and shin guards A device that fits over the shins and most of the foot to protect from multiple hazards, including impacts. Some combination foot and shin guards may require additional toe guards.
decibels The unit by which the intensity of sound is measured. If occupational noise reaches or exceeds 85 decibels over an eight-hour period, employees need to wear hearing protection.
duck Closely-woven cotton fabric that resists penetration. Duck is used to make clothing that protects against cuts.
earmuffs Full-ear coverings connected by a headband that require a perfect seal around the ear. Hair, facial hair, or facial movements may disrupt this seal.
electrical hazard safety-toe shoes A non-conductive safety shoe made to prevent the wearer from completing an electrical circuit with the ground. Electrical hazard safety-toe shoes can protect against circuits of up to 600 volts in dry conditions.
electrically conductive shoes A safety shoe that prevents explosions due to buildup of static electricity in certain environments, such as agricultural grain elevators. Electrically conductive shoes are one type of specialty safety shoes described by OSHA.
face shields A rigid, transparent plastic sheet that covers the worker's entire face to protect against dust or splashes. Because face shields do not protect against impacts, they are often worn with goggles.
finger guards A device used to protect one, two, or three fingers that may be exposed to a hazard, such as when the index finger, middle finger, and thumb of one hand are used to hold a fastener during assembly.
foundry shoes A safety shoe with built-in safety toes that are constructed to insulate the wearer's feet from heat and molten metal. Foundry shoes are designed to keep hot metal from lodging in eyelets, tongues, laces, or other shoe crevices.
goggles Tight-fitting eye protection that completely cover the eyes, the sockets, and the surrounding facial area. Goggles offer protection from impact, dust, chips, and splashes.
hard hat A lightweight, protective head covering, usually made of plastic, used to protect the head from impacts, bumps, and electrical shock. Hard hats have a shock-absorbing lining with a headband and straps that suspend the shell away from the skull and provide ventilation.
hazard assessment A written, formal appraisal of the safety risks that exist within a workplace. A hazard assessment is often performed by the safety team during a walk-through.
hazards A source of danger or possible injury. Hazards can be physical hazards like falling objects or health hazards like chemical exposures.
health hazards A condition or situation that may result in an illness. Airborne particles, repetitive motions, and some chemicals can be health hazards.
hearing conservation program A formal program that consists of several components intended to prevent worker hearing loss. An HCP must include noise evaluations, hearing tests, and hearing protection.
laser goggles Goggles that protect against the intense light produced by lasers. Laser goggles are chosen based on the equipment and operating conditions in the workplace.
latex A polymer that is used to make rubber. Latex offers resistance to certain chemicals.
leggings Lower leg covering made of leather or fabric that protects the leg from sparks and spatter. Leggings snap off and on for quick removal.
lockout/tagout A method of protecting employees by preventing accidental machine startup through proper locking and labeling of machines during maintenance. Lockout/tagout is the common term for OSHA's Control of Hazardous Energy Standard.
metatarsal guards A device that straps over a shoe to cover the upper portion of the foot and protect it from impacts and crushing. Metatarsal guards may be made from aluminum, steel, plastic, or fiber.
neoprene A synthetic rubber product that offers protection from certain chemicals. Neoprene is used to make safety gloves.
nitrile A rubber-like material that resists petroleum or oil compounds. Nitrile is used to make safety gloves.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA. A government agency under the U.S. Dept. of Labor that sets the standards for working conditions in the United States. OSHA ensures that employees work in safe and healthy environments.
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration. A government agency under the U.S. Dept. of Labor that helps employers reduce injuries, illnesses, and deaths in the workplace.
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration. A government agency under the U.S. Dept. of Labor that sets the standards for working conditions in the United States. OSHA ensures that employees work in safe and healthy environments.
personal protective equipment PPE. Any example of various safety equipment that workers wear or use to prevent injury in the workplace. Safety glasses are common PPE.
physical hazards A condition or situation that may result in an injury. Slippery surfaces, broken or missing walkway railings, and flying debris are physical hazards.
PPE Personal protective equipment. Any example of various safety equipment that workers wear or use to prevent injury in the workplace. Safety glasses are common PPE.
pre-formed earplugs Professionally fitted ear protection made of silicone or rubber. Pre-formed earplugs are individually molded.
protective gloves A glove made from a variety of materials to protect the hands from hazards such as chemicals, heat, or abrasion. Protective gloves are the most common type of hand protection used.
requirements A specific mandate that is contained in a standard. Training is a requirement of OSHA safety standards.
safety shoes The most common type of foot PPE that provides many different ways of protecting feet, such as from heat, impact, or electrical shock. All ANSI-approved safety shoes provide some toe protection.
safety spectacles Protective eyeglasses with metal or plastic frames and impact-resistant lenses that may or may not offer vision correction. Many safety spectacles also have protective side shields.
single-use earplugs Disposable, self-forming ear protection that is designed for one use. Single-use earplugs are often made of waxed cotton, foam, or silicone rubber.
spatter Molten metal spray produced during welding operations. Welding shields protect against spatter.
standards An established policy on a particular practice or method. OSHA standards have the same power as law, and non-compliance can result in fines and other penalties.
toe guards A device that fits over the toes of regular shoes to protect toes from being crushed. Toe guards may be made from aluminum, steel, or plastic.
Type I hard hat A protective head covering that is designed to protect against top-only impact. Type I hard hats protect against penetration of the hat by falling objects.
Type II hard hat A protective head covering that is designed to protect against impact from the side, front, back, and top. Type II hard hats protect against chin strap breakage or elongation and penetration of the hat by falling objects.
voltage The amount of difference in potential electrical force between two points. Voltage is measured in volts. Class G hard hats provide voltage protection for up to 2,200 volts and class E hard hats provide voltage protection for up to 20,000 volts.
welding shields A heat-resistant face covering that protects from spatter and sparks and contains a darkened lens to protect the eyes from the intense light produced during welding. The filters used for the darkened lens of a welding shield have specific shade numbers that correspond to each type of welding.