Confined Spaces 231

The class “Confined Spaces” explains the OSHA requirements pertaining to confined spaces. A confined space has limited means of entry or exit and is not designed for continuous occupancy. Confined space hazards are caused by the material in the confined space, the activity carried out in the space, and the external environment. OSHA requires a permit for entering any confined space with an additional hazard.

Confined spaces pose a safety hazard for employees. Employers must develop a written permit-required confined space program and train and certify all permit space entrants. Training should discuss the specific types of confined spaces and hazards employees will encounter at their worksite. Entrants must wear proper PPE and use specialized equipment that does not cause additional hazards.

After taking this class, the user should be able to describe OSHA regulations and best practices for performing work safely in a confined space.

Class Details

Class Name:
Confined Spaces 231
Description:
The class “Confined Spaces” explains the OSHA requirements pertaining to confined spaces. A confined space has limited means of entry or exit and is not designed for continuous occupancy. Confined space hazards are caused by the material in the confined space, the activity carried out in the space, and the external environment. OSHA requires a permit for entering any confined space with an additional hazard.

Confined spaces pose a safety hazard for employees. Employers must develop a written permit-required confined space program and train and certify all permit space entrants. Training should discuss the specific types of confined spaces and hazards employees will encounter at their worksite. Entrants must wear proper PPE and use specialized equipment that does not cause additional hazards.

After taking this class, the user should be able to describe OSHA regulations and best practices for performing work safely in a confined space.
Version:
2.0
Difficulty:
Beginner
Number of Lessons:
19
Related 1.0 Class:
Confined Spaces 190

Class Outline

  • Confined Spaces
  • Causes of Confined Space Hazards
  • General Confined Space Hazards
  • Confined Space Hazards
  • Physical Confined Space Hazards
  • Atmospheric Confined Space Hazards
  • Types of Atmospheric Hazards
  • Permit-Required Confined Spaces
  • Permit Requirements
  • Permit Space Entry Program
  • Employee Training
  • Authorized Entrant
  • Authorized Attendant
  • Entry Supervisor
  • Rescue Team
  • Duties of the Entry Team
  • Proper Work Practices
  • Equipment for Confined Spaces
  • Permit Space Work Practices

Objectives

  • Describe characteristics of confined spaces.
  • Identify causes of confined space hazards.
  • Identify types of general confined space hazards.
  • Identify types of physical confined space hazards.
  • Identify types of atmospheric confined space hazards.
  • Describe characteristics of permit-required confined spaces.
  • Describe a confined space entry permit.
  • Describe requirements of a permit space entry program.
  • Describe training requirements for permit space entry.
  • Identify the duties of the authorized entrant.
  • Identify the duties of the authorized attendant.
  • Identify the duties of the entry supervisor.
  • Describe the training requirements for a confined space entry rescue team.
  • Describe proper work practices for permit space entry.
  • Describe equipment requirements for confined spaces.

Job Roles

Certifications

Glossary

Vocabulary Term Definition
air-purifying respirator A form of PPE with an air-purifying filter, cartridge, or canister that removes specific air contaminants. Air-purifying respirators pass ambient air through the air-purifying element.
air-supplied respirator Breathing devices that consist of a full face mask with a long hose that connects to a freestanding tank of compressed air. Also called airline respirators, air-supplied respirators are used when employees must spend long periods in low-oxygen atmospheres.
asphyxiating hazards A type of atmospheric hazard that interferes with the ability to breathe. Asphyxiating hazards may be caused by a lack of oxygen or the presence of a gas or dust.
atmospheric hazards A type of hazard that is present in the environment of a confined space. Atmospheric hazards are categorized as flammable, toxic, irritant, and asphyxiating.
atmospheric testing Measurement of the content of the environment using electronic equipment. Atmospheric testing should be completed at several levels to detect gases that are lighter or heavier than air.
authorized attendant Someone trained in permit space entry and surface rescue who remains outside a confined space during entry. The authorized attendant monitors the safety of the authorized entrants.
authorized entrant A person who has been trained to enter and perform work within a confined space. Authorized entrants should know about potential hazards that may be present in the space.
authorized entrants A person who has been trained to enter and perform work within a confined space. Authorized entrants should know about potential hazards that may be present in the space.
blanking A method of blocking feed lines to prevent the flow of materials or substances. Blanking feed lines is one way to isolate a device.
bleeding A method of draining feed lines to prevent the flow of material or substances. Bleeding feed lines is one way to isolate a device.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR. A technique designed to temporarily circulate oxygenated blood through the body of a person whose heart has stopped. CPR is performed by pushing down on the person's chest in a constant rhythm to mimic a heart beat while also breathing air into the person's mouth.
caustic chemical A substance that can burn or destroy living tissue. A caustic chemical is one example of a hazardous material.
combustible dusts Fine grains of material that are capable of exploding or catching fire. Combustible dusts are a flammable hazard.
communication hazards A type of confined space hazard that exists when a worker in a confined space is unable to speak or signal to those on the outside of the space and vice versa. Communication hazards are one of three types of general confined space hazards.
communication hazards A type of confined space hazard that exists when an entrant in a space is unable to speak or signal to those on the outside of the space and vice versa. Communication hazards are one of three types of general confined space hazards.
confined space An area with limited means of entry or exit that is large enough for a worker to enter but is not designed for continuous occupancy. Some confined spaces require that a permit be obtained before entry.
decontamination Removing hazardous substances using various cleaning methods. Decontamination is one way to clear hazards from a confined space.
engulf To be submerged by a substance, such as water, grain, or earth. A substance that engulfs completely flows over and covers a person.
entry and exit hazards A type of confined space hazard that exists when insufficient preparations have been made to assure that employees can exit a space quickly. Entry and exit hazards are one of three types of general confined space hazards.
entry permit A document that ensures all necessary pre-entry preparations have been carried out and a permit space is safe to enter. Employers must fill out the entry permit before permit spaces can be entered.
entry permit A document that ensures all necessary pre-entry preparations have been carried out and a permit space is safe to enter. Permit spaces cannot be entered until the employer fills out an entry permit.
entry supervisor Primary person responsible for verifying that the confined space is as safe as possible to enter. The role of the entry supervisor is usually filled by the employer, foreman, or crew chief.
entry supervisor The person most responsible for verifying that the confined space is as safe as possible to enter. The role of the entry supervisor is usually filled by the employer, foreman, or crew chief.
first aid Treating someone who is injured or who has suddenly become ill. Permit space training must cover first aid.
flammable hazards A type of atmospheric hazard that occurs when substances that are likely to catch fire are present. Both oxygen and dust are flammable hazards.
frostbite Injury caused by partial freezing of body tissue. Frostbite is caused by exposure to extremely cold temperatures.
general hazards One of three types of confined space hazards. General hazards may be mechanical, communication, or entry and exit hazards.
ground fault interrupters GFI. An electrical safety device that disconnects power by breaking a circuit when surges of electricity are detected. A ground fault interrupter is usually used around sources of water.
harness A form of personal protective equipment that consists of a series of straps that are connected around the legs, waist, and shoulders and attached to a hoist. A harness is used to pull entrants out of confined spaces.
hazard assessment A written, formal appraisal of the safety risks that exist within a workplace. A hazard assessment reveals what personal protective equipment is necessary for the safety of employees.
heat exhaustion An illness brought on by exposure to high temperatures. Heat exhaustion is characterized by faintness, dizziness, and heavy sweating.
heat stroke A life-threatening illness brought on by exposure to high temperatures. Heat stroke occurs when the body is unable to cool itself down.
hoist A device attached by a line to a harness. A hoist is used to pull entrants out of confined spaces.
hypothermia A rapid physical and mental collapse that occurs when the body is exposed to cold temperatures and is unable to warm itself. Cold conditions in a confined space can cause hypothermia.
irritant hazards A type of atmospheric hazard that causes inflammation or irritation to the eyes, skin, or respiratory system. Chemical gases are a type of irritant.
isolate Physically or manually blocking or disconnecting a machine component or feed line to prevent accidental startup of the machine. Isolating a component also can stop the flow of substances to the machine.
isolation The physical or manual blocking or disconnecting of a machine component or feed line to prevent accidental machine startup. Isolating a component also can stop the flow of substances to the machine.
lockout A method of protecting employees from accidental machine startup through restraining the energy-isolating mechanism of machines. Lockout devices prevent equipment or machinery from being energized.
mechanical hazards A type of confined space hazard that exists when electrical or mechanical equipment may be accidentally activated. Mechanical hazards are one of three types of general confined space hazards.
no-entry rescues A rescue performed while the rescuer remains outside of the confined space. Authorized attendants may perform no-entry rescues.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA. A government agency under the U.S. Dept. of Labor. OSHA helps employers reduce injuries, illnesses, and deaths in the workplace.
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration.A government agency under the U.S. Dept. of Labor. OSHA helps employers reduce injuries, illnesses, and deaths in the workplace.
permit space A confined space that contains at least one hazard that requires supervisor permission for entry. A permit space is also called a permit-required confined space.
permit space program A written set of policies and procedures for entering a permit space. OSHA requires every employer whose employees enter permit spaces to develop a permit space program.
permit-required confined space A confined space that contains at least one hazard that requires supervisor permission for entry. A permit-required confined space is also called a permit space.
personal protective equipment PPE. Any example of safety equipment that workers wear or use to prevent injury in the workplace. Safety glasses are common PPE.
physical hazards A type of confined space hazard that is non-chemical and affects the body. Physical hazards include vibration, temperature, and noise.
PPE Personal protective equipment. Any example of safety equipment that workers wear or use to prevent injury in the workplace. Safety glasses are common PPE.
primary irritants A type of irritant that harms only the parts of the body that it touches. Primary irritants do not cause further injury or disease.
prohibited condition Any existing hazardous condition within a permit space. When a prohibited condition exists in a permit space, the authorized entrant should alert the attendant and immediately exit the space.
purging The process of clearing the environment within a confined space. Purging may be accomplished by forcing air, water, or another substance into the space to push the hazardous substance out.
rescue team A group of individuals trained in permit-required confined space entry and rescue. The rescue team should be ready and available to safely aid a trapped or incapacitated entrant.
secondary irritants A type of irritant that harms the parts of the body that it touches and also causes further injury or disease. Secondary irritants cause medical issues, such as chronic illness.
systemic effects A response to chemical exposure that affects more than just the initial contact point. Systemic illnesses may cause symptoms in one or two areas, such as the skin or lungs.
tagout A method of protecting employees from accidental machine startup through use of tags as a visual warning. Tagout devices alert employees that equipment is not to be operated until the tag is removed.
toxic hazards A type of atmospheric hazard that can be poisonous or harmful. Some gases and dusts are toxic if inhaled.
ventilation A means of circulating air. Permit spaces often require ventilation.