TS 16949:2009 Overview 221

"TS 16949 Overview" is an introduction to the structure and requirements of the TS 16949:2009 international automotive standard. This class compares the latest edition of TS 16949 to ISO 9001:2008 and explains how the additions affect standard operating procedures in a quality management system (QMS). It includes an overview of the history and development of TS 16949 and a summary of the standard's eight sections, including a focused discussion on each Product Realization sub-clause.

Many auto manufacturers and part makers become TS 16949:2009 certified to improve their business and prove the effectiveness of their QMS. TS 16949:2009 certification requires thorough documentation, product planning, and a commitment to employee training and continuous improvement. With this class, anyone in the auto manufacturing industry will better understand the contents of the standard and be prepared to navigate the document during quality initiatives.

Class Details

Class Name:
TS 16949:2009 Overview 221
Number of Lessons:
Related 1.0 Class:
TS 16949:2009 Overview 220

Class Outline

  • What is TS 16949:2009?
  • The History of TS 16949:2009
  • The QS-9000 and TS 16949 Transition
  • The Scope of TS 16949:2009
  • ISO Standards Review
  • TS 16949:2009 Structure
  • TS 16949:2009 Introductory Sections
  • Quality Management System: Documentation
  • Quality Management System: Customer Requirements
  • TS 16949:2009 Review: Structure and Sections
  • Management Responsibility
  • Resource Management
  • Product Realization
  • Product Realization: Planning of Product Realization
  • Product Realization: Customer-Related Processes
  • Product Realization: Design and Development
  • Product Realization: Purchasing
  • Product Realization: Production and Service Provision
  • Product Realization: Control of Monitoring and Measuring Equipment
  • Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement
  • TS 16949:2009 Review
  • Applying TS 16949:2009 to QMS Registration


  • Define TS 16949:2009.
  • Describe the history of TS 16949:2009.
  • Describe the relationship between QS-9000 and TS16949:2009.
  • Describe the scope of TS 16949:2009.
  • Describe how the TS 16949:2009 document is structured.
  • Identify the introductory sections in TS 16949.
  • Identify QMS documentation requirements in TS 16949:2009.
  • Identify QMS customer requirements in TS 16949:2009.
  • Identify Management Responsibility requirements.
  • Identify Resource Management requirements.
  • Identify TS 16949:2009’s main area of focus.
  • Identify Planning of Product Realization requirements.
  • Identify requirements for Customer-Related Processes.
  • Identify Design and Development requirements.
  • Identify Purchasing requirements in TS 16949:2009.
  • Identify Production and Service requirements in TS 16949:2009.
  • Identify Control of Monitoring and Measuring Devices requirements in TS 16949:2009.
  • Identify Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement requirements in TS 16949:2009.
  • Describe how applying TS 16949:2002 requirements can improve a company’s operations.

Job Roles



Vocabulary Term Definition
Automotive Industry Action Group AIAG. A cooperative group of competing companies in the automotive industry formed to develop common business practices for the industry. AIAG was part of the International Automotive Task Force (IATF) that developed TS 16949.
continuous improvement The belief that an organization must constantly measure the effectiveness of its processes and strive to meet more difficult objectives to satisfy customers. Continuous improvement is a guiding principle in lean manufacturing.
control plan A documented strategy that addresses the requirements for product realization, including the prototype, pre-launch, and production phases. Control plan requirements are covered in the Product Realization section of TS 16949:2009.
customer representatives An employee who acts as the voice of the customer within a company. Customer representatives are appointed by management.
error detection The discovery of mistakes after they have occurred. Error detection is not as effective as error prevention.
error prevention The goal of refining product planning and processes to the point where mistakes do not occur. Error prevention requirements are established in the Product Realization section of TS 16949:2009.
external customer A customer who is outside of a company.
gages A device that determines whether or not a part feature is within specified limits. Most gages do not provide an actual measurement value.
infrastructure The basic physical requirements needed for a process or company to function. In a company, infrastructure includes buildings and equipment.
interim version A temporary draft document written after the first version was created but not intended to be the final version. TS 16949:1999 was an interim version of of the TS 16949 standard.
internal auditing An examination of a company's activities or products conducted by the company's own staff. ISO 9000 and TS 16949 require internal audits.
internal customer A department or employee within a company that relies on the products, services, or another form of cooperation from other departments or employees in the company.
International Automotive Task Force IATF. A group of automotive manufacturers and their respective trade associations formed to improve product quality. IATF members include automakers from the U.S., the U.K., and Europe.
International Organization for Standardization ISO. A non-governmental organization that develops and establishes standards, rules, and guidelines designed to ensure that products, processes, and services are fit for their purposes. ISO is based in Switzerland.
ISO 9001:2008 The core standard of ISO 9000 that contains the requirements an auditor uses to verify conformity of a QMS. ISO 9001:2008 is titled "Quality Management Systems Requirements" and presents the actual material to which a company is certified.
measurement systems analysis MSA. A mathematical method of determining how much the variation within the measurement process contributes to overall process variability. MSA is a requirement for most companies following TS 16949:2009 standards.
normative reference A statement covering separate documents referenced within a standard. Normative reference means that, unless otherwise stated, the most recent versions of the separate documents should be referenced.
outsource To procure products or services from an outside company. Part makers that outsource processes must still meet TS 16949:2009 requirements.
prototype program A system in which a full-scale, working model of the product is built, refined, and approved before production begins. Prototype requirements are established in the Product Realization section of TS 16949:2009.
QS-9000 The original automotive quality standard developed by the U.S. auto industry in the 1990s. QS-9000 was replaced by TS 16949:2002.
quality management system QMS. The objectives and processes designed to focus a company toward quality and customer satisfaction. The QMS consists of written documents that address standards such as ISO 9001:2008 and TS 16949:2009.
Quality Manual A key document of a QMS that outlines all existing practices and describes the interaction between processes, all of which affect the QMS.
Quality Manual A key document of a QMS that outlines all existing practices and describes the interaction between processes, all of which affect the QMS. A Quality Manual is required for ISO 9001:2008 registration.
Quality Objectives A key document of a QMS that outlines measurable outcomes toward which all employees work in order to fulfill the quality policy. Quality Objectives are required for ISO 9001:2008 registration.
Quality Policy A key document of a QMS that reflects an organization's commitment to quality and continual improvement. The quality policy is disseminated to all employees, clearly posted in all facilities, and periodically reviewed.
regulatory Controlled by rules or laws, such as environmental policies. TS 16949:2009 requires part makers to meet regulatory requirements.
special characteristics A product feature or part of the manufacturing process that can affect safety or compliance with regulations, fit, function, performance, or processing of a product. Requirements for special characteristics are established in the Product Realization section of TS 16949:2009.
statistical process control The use of statistics and control charts to measure key quality characteristics and control how the related process behaves. Automotive manufacturers may be required to use SPC methods to monitor their processes.
statistical tools A device that helps in collecting, summarizing, and analyzing numerical data. Bar charts are examples of statistical tools.
tolerance The unwanted but acceptable deviation from the desired dimension. Products must be within specified tolerances to function properly.
TS 16949:1999 An interim version of the automotive standard that served as a bridge document between the U.S. and European standards. TS 16949:1999 was replaced by TS 16949:2002 and then TS 16949:2009.
TS 16949:2009 A standards document containing the quality system requirements specifically for producers of automotive parts and component systems. ISO/TS 16949:2009 is the third edition of the standard.
variation Any deviation from what is normal and consistent. In manufacturing, variation from what is normal can signal that an error has occurred.
waiver A document that a person or organization signs to give up the rights to or responsibility for something. For example, a customer may waive the right to review an order and agree to not hold the manufacturer responsible for any problems.