Haas Lathe: Control Panel Overview 255

This class describes the various sections of the Haas lathe control panel as well as the steps for powering up, powering down, and homing the machine. Includes Haas CNC Simulators.

Class Details

Class Name:
Haas Lathe: Control Panel Overview 255
Version:
1.0
Difficulty:
Intermediate
Number of Lessons:
21
Additional Language:
Spanish

Class Outline

  • Objectives
  • Intro to the Haas Control
  • The Control Panel
  • The Control Keypad
  • Display Keys: Top Row
  • Display Keys: Bottom Row
  • Operation Modes
  • Alpha and Numeric Keys
  • Special Characters
  • Overrides
  • Cursor Arrow Keys
  • Jog Keys
  • Function Keys
  • Reset Keys
  • Powering Up
  • Zero Return Mode
  • Activating Coolant
  • Activating the Chip Conveyor
  • Leaving Messages
  • Powering Down
  • Summary

Objectives

  • Compare the Haas CNC control to controls from other manufacturers.
  • Describe the Haas CNC control.
  • Identify the different areas of the control panel.
  • Differentiate between display keys.
  • Differentiate between display keys.
  • Differentiate between operation mode keys.
  • Identify the location of the Alpha and Numeric keys on the control keypad.
  • Describe special characters.
  • Define overrides.
  • Identify the location of the cursor keys on the control keypad.
  • Distinguish between various jog keys.
  • Differentiate between function keys.
  • Identify the location of the reset keys on the control keypad.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the powering up sequence.
  • Identify the function of the zero return mode.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of activating coolant.
  • Describe how to activate the chip conveyor.
  • Explain how to leave a message.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the powering down sequence.

Job Roles

Certifications

Glossary

Vocabulary Term Definition
+10 FEEDRATE An override key on the Haas control that increases the current feed rate in 10% increments. Together, -10 FEEDRATE, +10 FEEDRATE, and 100% FEEDRATE allow an operator to make adjustments to tool feeds.
+10 SPINDLE An override key on the Haas control that increases the current spindle speed in 10% increments. Together, -10 SPINDLE, +10 SPINDLE, and 100% SPINDLE allow an operator to make adjustments to spindle speed.
+X A jog key that moves the turret along the X-axis in the positive direction.
+Z A jog key that moves the turret along the Z-axis in the positive direction.
-10 FEEDRATE An override key on the Haas control that decreases the current feed rate in 10% increments. Together, -10 FEEDRATE, +10 FEEDRATE, and 100% FEEDRATE allow an operator to make adjustments to tool feeds.
-10 SPINDLE An override key on the Haas control that decreases the current spindle speed in 10% increments. Together, -10 SPINDLE, +10 SPINDLE, and 100% SPINDLE allow an operator to make adjustments to spindle speed.
100% FEEDRATE An override key on the Haas control that sets the feed rate back to 100% of the programmed value. Together, -10 FEEDRATE, +10 FEEDRATE, and 100% FEEDRATE allow an operator to make adjustments to tool feeds.
100% RAPID An override key on the Haas control that allows rapid traverse to feed at its maximum.
100% SPINDLE An override key on the Haas control that sets the spindle back to 100% of the programmed value. Together, -10 SPINDLE, +10 SPINDLE, and 100% SPINDLE allow an operator to make adjustments to spindle speed.
25% RAPID An override key on the Haas control that limits rapid traverse to 25% of maximum.
5% RAPID An override key on the Haas control that limits rapid traverse to 5% of maximum.
50% RAPID An override key on the Haas control that limits rapid traverse to 50% of maximum.
Alarm 176 An alarm code on the Haas control that indicates the machine is experiencing an overvoltage condition. Alarm 176 initiates auto-shutdown after 4.5 minutes.
Alarm 177 An alarm code on the Haas control that indicates the machine is experiencing an overheating condition. Alarm 177 initiates auto-shutdown after 4.5 minutes.
ALARM/MESGS The display key on the Haas control that shows the current alarms when pressed once and messages when pressed twice.
alpha keys The area of the control keypad that allows an operator to enter letters and special characters into the control.
AUTO ALL AXES In zero return mode, the key that returns and initializes all axes to machine zero.
AUTO OFF A reset key that automatically positions axes to machine zero and prepares the machine for power down.
Auto Power Off Timer Setting 1. A setting that indicates how many minutes of idle time must lapse before the machine is automatically turned off.
block delete A machine control that provides the option of skipping a predetermined series of program blocks. A block delete allows the operator to run two versions of the same program.
bracket [ ]. Punctuation marks used to separate CNC program commands from user comments.
CANCEL A key on the Haas control that backspaces the cursor to delete the last character entered or cancels any program block that is highlighted during a block edit.
chip auger A rotating shaft with a helical blade that removes chips from the machine.
chip conveyor A moveable belt that helps to remove chips from the machine.
CHIP FWD A jog key that causes the chip auger to remove chips from the machine.
CHIP REV A jog key that causes the chip auger to rotate in the opposite direction.
CHIP STOP A jog key that causes the chip auger to stop.
CIRCULAR calculator A machining calculator that helps an operator solve problems involving circular motion.
CNC control A combination of software and hardware that directs the operation of a CNC machine.
control keypad The main part of the Haas control panel consisting of nine areas of keys that allow an operator to input information into the Haas control.
control panel The group of controls on a CNC machine that run, store, and edit the commands of a part program and other coordinate information.
coolant A substance that is used to prevent a workpiece from reaching excessively high temperatures during machining.
Coolant Override Setting 32. A setting that controls how the coolant pump operates.
CURNT COMDS The display key on the Haas control that shows fifteen lines of the current program, modal program values, axis positions, and the position during runtime.
cursor keys The area of the control keypad that allows an operator to move through various screens and fields in the control, edit and search for CNC programs, and move the cursor up, down, left, and right through the program or screen options.
CYCLE START The control button used to begin a program or continue a program that has been previously stopped.
diagnostic Information that is vital to routine machine maintenance.
direct numerical control The direct control of CNC machines by a large central host computer. With DNC, the program is run directly from the memory of a host computer and is not stored in the memory of the machine's own control.
display keys The area of the control keypad that allows the operator to show different information, such as offsets, machine settings, and the current program.
display screen The main screen of the machine that displays important information for the operator.
EDIT An operation mode key that allows manual editing changes in a program or the creation of new program in memory.
EMERGENCY STOP Used for emergencies only, the control button that automatically shuts down all machine functions.
END A cursor arrow key that moves a program quickly to its end or moves to the bottom of most displays.
EOB End of Block. A key on the Haas control that signals the end of a program block. EOB is represented by a semicolon on the display screen.
feed The rate at which the cutting tool and the workpiece move in relation to one another.
FEED HOLD The control button used to pause a program. FEED HOLD pauses tool feed but does not stop spindle movement.
function keys The area of the control keypad that allows an operator to perform different functions depending on which display and mode are selected.
FWD An override key on the Haas control that starts the spindle in the forward direction.
HANDLE A rotating knob on the Haas control panel that moves the machine components along the axes. The handle "clicks" in controlled, measured increments that an operator selects on the keypad.
HANDLE CONTROL FEEDRATE An override key on the Haas control that allows the operator to adjust the programmed feed rate at 1% increments using the HANDLE.
HANDLE CONTROL SPINDLE An override key on the Haas control that allows the operator to adjust spindle speed in 1% increments using the HANDLE.
HANDLE JOG An operation mode key that allows for the manual operation of tool movement via the handwheel or jog buttons.
help Information intended to answer operator questions and solve common problems with machine function.
HELP/CALC The display key on the Haas control that brings up an information manual when pressed once and various machining calculators when pressed twice.
HOME A cursor arrow key that moves a cursor quickly to its beginning or moves to the top of most displays.
home position Another name for machine zero, the position located at the farthest possible distance in a positive direction along the machine axes. This position is permanently set for each particular CNC machine.
input buffer A temporary location at the lower left corner of the computer screen that holds all incoming information before it continues to the CPU for processing.
Jog Handle to Single Block Setting 104. A setting that, when activated, allows an operator to use the jog handle to single step through a program.
jog keys The area of the control keypad that allows an operator to move a selected axis.
LIST PROG An operation mode key that lists programs and allows an operator to select, send, receive, and delete programs.
M code A code used to signal an action from a miscellaneous group of commands. M codes change cutting tools, turn on or turn off the coolant, spindle, or workpiece clamps, etc.
M08 An M code that turns coolant on.
M09 An M code that turns coolant off.
M88 An M code that turns on high pressure coolant.
machine zero The position located at the farthest possible distance in a positive direction along the machine axes. This position is permanently set for each particular CNC machine.
macro statement A customized programming shortcut created by a programmer.
manual data input An operation mode that allows an operator to manually enter and execute blocks of programming code at the control panel.
MDI/DNC An operation mode key that lets an operator either enter and execute program data without disturbing stored data when pressed once, or execute programs from a centrally located computer storage device when pressed twice.
MEM An operation mode key that runs part programs from the control's memory.
NEXT TOOL A function key that indexes the turret for the next tool during a part setup.
numeric keys The area of the control keypad that allows an operator to enter numbers and special characters into the control.
offset A numerical value stored in the CNC control that repositions machine components. Offsets are used to adjust for differences in tool geometry, part size, tool wear, etc.
OFSET The display key on the Haas control that shows the various programmed offsets.
operation mode keys The area of the control keypad that allows an operator to choose a particular operating mode, which in turn indicates what tasks the machine will perform.
overrides The area of the control keypad that allows an operator to adjust a programmed speed or feed rate by a certain percentage during operation.
PAGE DOWN A cursor arrow key that changes displays or moves down one program page.
PAGE UP A cursor arrow key that moves one page up in the displays or moves up one program page.
PARAM/DGNOS The display key on the Haas control that shows machine parameters when pressed once and diagnostics when pressed twice.
parameter One of the limits or physical properties that determine function and operation of a CNC machine.
parentheses ( ). Curved brackets used to separate program text information from CNC program commands.
part program A series of instructions used by a CNC machine to perform the necessary sequence of operations to machine a specific workpiece.
POSIT The display key on the Haas control that brings up different pages listing machine axes positions of the turret.
power down The act of turning off the machine.
POWER OFF The red button on the upper left of the Haas control panel that shuts off power to the machine.
Power Off at M30 Setting 2. A setting that powers down a machine when the program reaches an M30 code.
POWER ON The green button on the upper left of the Haas control panel that provides power to the machine.
power up The act of turning on the machine.
POWER UP/RESTART A reset key that automatically initializes the machine at power up. After power up, this key can be used to reinitialize the system.
PRGRM/CONVRS The display key on the Haas control that causes program blocks of the current selected part program to display on the CRT.
rapid Moving machine components at the fastest possible rate of travel.
rapid traverse motion The movement of machine components at the fastest possible rate of travel. Rapid traverse motion merely requires an endpoint for the movement.
RESET A reset key that stops all machine motion and places the program cursor at the top of the current program.
reset keys The area of the control keypad that executes functions vital to the beginning and end of a machining operation.
REV An override key on the Haas control that starts the spindle in the reverse direction.
SETNG/GRAPH The display key on the Haas control that lists settings when pressed once and presents dry run information when pressed twice.
setting A CNC machine control function that an operator can activate, deactivate, or change to suit specific machining conditions.
Setting 1 Auto Power Off Timer. A setting that indicates how many minutes of idle time must lapse before the machine is automatically turned off.
Setting 104 Jog Handle to Single Block. A setting that, when activated, allows an operator to use the jog handle to single step through a program.
Setting 2 Power Off at M30. A setting on the Haas control that powers down a machine when the program reaches an M30 code.
Setting 32 Coolant Override. A setting that controls how the coolant pump operates.
Setting 81 Tool at Power Down. A setting that indicates which tool will occupy the first turret position when the machine is powered down.
SPACE A key on the Haas control that enters a space in the input buffer.
speed The rate that the cutting tool or workpiece moves at the point of contact.
SPINDLE LOAD meter A meter located on the Haas control panel that indicates the power draw on the spindle during machine operation. Machines are rated to handle a certain spindle load over a certain time period.
STOP An override key on the Haas control that stops the spindle.
tailstock The device at the end of a lathe that supports the end of longer workpieces.
Tool at Power Down Setting 81. A setting that indicates which tool will occupy the first turret position when the machine is powered down.
tool length offset An offset used on the turning center that accounts for variations in tool length along the X-axis. Each tool requires its own offset.
TRIG calculator A machining calculator that helps an operator make calculations involving the measurements and relationships of a triangle and its parts.
TS left arrow A jog key that feeds the tailstock to the left at the currently selected feed rate.
TS RAPID A jog key that, when pressed simultaneously with TS left or TS right, moves the tailstock in that direction at the maximum rate of travel.
TS right arrow A jog key that feeds the tailstock to the right at the currently selected feed rate.
TURNING/TAPPING calculator A machining calculator that helps an operator calculate any of a number of variables, including part diameter, surface speed, revolutions per minute, number of flutes, feed, chip load, and threads.
WRITE/ENTER A key on the Haas control that acts as a general enter key. WRITE/ENTER also acts as an insert key during editing.
-X A jog key that moves the turret along the X-axis in the negative direction.
X DIA MESUR A function key that is used to record X-axis tool length offsets in the offset page during part setup..
X/Z A function key that is used to toggle between the X-axis and the Z-axis jog mode during setup.
-Z A jog key that moves the turret along the Z-axis in the negative direction.
Z FACE MESUR A function key that is used to record Z-axis tool length offsets in the offset page during part setup.
ZERO RET An operation mode key that searches for machine zero or rapid returns to machine zero automatically.