Control for the Lathe and Multitasking Machine 202

The class "Control for the Lathe and Multitasking Machine" provides an overview of the Okuma OSP-P300 control for the lathe or multitasking (Multus) machine. The class covers the two main parts of any Okuma control, the NC panel and the machine operations panel, and describes each of the key groups contained within these panels as well as the function of each individual key. In addition, "Control for the Lathe and Multitasking Machine" touches on the advanced software operations possible with Okuma's open-architecture design philosophy and Windows-based control.

Knowing how to quickly and easily operate the OSP-P300 control is necessary for the operator of any Okuma machine. Gaining a deep and thorough understanding of the control allows operators to take full advantage of the OSP-P300's functionality, resulting in quick production runs and precise finished workpieces.

Class Details

Class Name:
Control for the Lathe and Multitasking Machine 202
Description:
The class "Control for the Lathe and Multitasking Machine" provides an overview of the Okuma OSP-P300 control for the lathe or multitasking (Multus) machine. The class covers the two main parts of any Okuma control, the NC panel and the machine operations panel, and describes each of the key groups contained within these panels as well as the function of each individual key. In addition, "Control for the Lathe and Multitasking Machine" touches on the advanced software operations possible with Okuma's open-architecture design philosophy and Windows-based control.

Knowing how to quickly and easily operate the OSP-P300 control is necessary for the operator of any Okuma machine. Gaining a deep and thorough understanding of the control allows operators to take full advantage of the OSP-P300's functionality, resulting in quick production runs and precise finished workpieces.
Version:
2.0
Difficulty:
Intermediate
Number of Lessons:
22

Class Outline

  • The OSP-P300 Control
  • Numeric Control Panel
  • Touchscreen and Function Keys
  • Data Input Keys
  • Touchscreen, Function, and Data Input Keys Review
  • Operations Mode Keys
  • Data Setting Mode Keys
  • Operations Mode and Data Setting Mode Keys Review
  • Machine Operations Panel
  • Start Panel
  • On/Off Switch Panel
  • Grouped Axis Feed Operations
  • Jog Handle
  • Tool Index Keys
  • Spindle Operations Keys
  • NC Operations Keys
  • Coolant and Conveyor Operations Keys
  • Machine Operations Panel Review
  • Machine Software Functions
  • OSP Suite
  • Okuma App Store
  • Final Review

Objectives

  • Describe the Okuma OSP-P300 control.
  • Identify the numeric control panel.
  • Describe how to use the touchscreen and function keys.
  • Explain how to use the keyboard, numeric keypad, sheet change, and page and cursor keys.
  • Explain the function of each of the operations mode keys.
  • Explain the function of each of the data setting mode keys.
  • Describe the machine operations panel.
  • Describe the start panel.
  • Explain the function of the on/off switch panel.
  • Explain the functions of the grouped axis feed operations keys.
  • Explain the function of the jog handle.
  • Explain the function of the tool index keys.
  • Explain the functions of the spindle operations keys.
  • Explain the functions of the NC operations keys.
  • Describe the coolant and conveyor operations keys.
  • Explain the OSP-P300's software functions.
  • Describe the Okuma OSP Suite software.
  • Describe the Okuma App Store.

Job Roles

Certifications

Glossary

Vocabulary Term Definition
5-Axis Auto Tuning An optional add-on to the OSP-P300 control. 5-axis auto tuning allows the control to automatically compensate for kinematic errors, such as the machine slowly coming out of level.
air blow key Turns air blow on. Air blow continues while the key is held down.
air blow screen Opens the air blow screen on the control's display. The air blow screen allows parameters related to air blow to be set.
all coolant off key Turns off all coolant. The all coolant off key is labeled in red on the control so that it can be easily located in an emergency.
any angle feed Unlocks the B axis to allow the M-spindle to rotate. The any angle feed key is lit when angle feed is enabled.
application programming interface API. A set of programmed instructions, definitions, and standards that define how one piece of software interacts with each other. An open application programming interface means that anyone can write programs that can interact with that interface.
auto One of three operations modes on the OSP-P300 control. Auto mode allows operators to load and run part programs.
axis selection buttons Allows the operator to select the axis to jog in. The axis selection buttons are only present if the jog handle is integrated into the control.
axis selection knob Allows the operator to select the axis to jog in. The axis selection knob is only present if the jog handle is a separate unit wired to the control.
barcode readers A device designed to read barcodes. USB barcode readers can be used with the OSP-P300 control.
block One line of G code in a CNC part program. Blocks may be composed of several codes, and a series of blocks with the object of producing a completed workpiece form a part program.
block skip key An NC operations key that tells the control to ignore any commands in a part program that follow a slash (/) code and occur on a single line. Enabling the block skip key allows operators to either choose to run or not run parts of a part program, or to leave comments in a part program.
CAD Computer-aided design. A method of 3D modeling where the 3D model is automatically converted into a G code part program by the computer. CAD programs can be run on the OSP-P300 control.
calipers A small, handheld measuring device accurate to as much as 0.0005 in. (0.0127 mm). USB calipers can be connected to the OSP-P300 control to allow measurements to be directly read by the control.
Cartesian axes Three axes which each exist at right angles to the others. The Cartesian axes comprise the Cartesian coordinate system.
chip conveyor A mechanical device that is used to remove chips and other debris from the work area. The chip conveyor can be controlled from the coolant and conveyor operations keys section near the NC operations section.
chip conveyor forward key This key begins movement of the chip conveyor in the forward, or normal operating direction. The chip conveyor forward key can be toggled on or off.
chip conveyor link key This key allows the chip conveyor to be controlled using M codes written into the part program. The chip conveyor link key is a toggle key, and its state is indicated by a light on the key itself.
chip conveyor reverse key This key reverses the direction of the chip conveyor. The chip conveyor reverse key can be useful to loosen chips clogged in the conveyor and to assure that fluid removes debris from the work area.
chip conveyor stop key This key stops the chip conveyor. The chip conveyor stop key is marked in red on the control so that it can be located and used quickly in an emergency.
clockwise A rotary motion corresponding to the direction of travel of a clock's hands. The lathe or multitasking machine's spindles can be set for clockwise rotation.
Collision Avoidance System An optional add-on to the OSP-P300 control that runs any current part program on a virtual 3D model of the machine a few milliseconds before it is run on the machine itself. The Collision Avoidance System uses any errors it finds in the virtual operation to stop the real machine before it is damaged.
computer numerical control CNC. A programmable control system for a machine tool, directed by mathematical data, which uses microcomputers to machine parts. A computer numerical control operation is much quicker and more precise than its manual counterpart.
control off key This key turns the control off. The control off key has a cover that must be raised before it is used.
control on Turns the control on. The control on switch is located on the on/off switch panel.
control on key This key turns the control on. The control on key turns on only the control, not the machine.
coolant A fluid, composed of water and oils or chemicals, designed to cool and lubricate the cutting operation. Coolant flow and application is controlled through the machine operations panel or in the part program.
coolant monitor Monitors the temperature and application of coolant. A coolant monitor can be added as a custom shortcut.
coolant on key Turns coolant on. The coolant on key is active, and coolant is on, while the key's indicating light is lit.
counterclockwise A rotary motion opposite of the direction of travel of a clock's hands. The lathe or multitasking machine's spindles can be set for counterclockwise rotation.
cutter radius compensation CRC. An offset designed to compensate for tool diameter. Cutter radius compensation can be programmed through apps available in the Okuma App Store.
cutting commands Any G code commands that would result in a workpiece being machined. Cutting commands can be deactivated in a part program using the dry run key.
cutting feed override knob Used to select cutting feed rate as a percentage of the feed rate in the part program. The cutting feed override knob can be set from 0 percent to 100 percent.
cycle start Begins machine operation. The cycle start button is also used to restart operation after a slide hold or optional stop.
data setting mode One of five different modes that display specific data and allow the operator to view or modify that data. The data setting modes are operations screen, edit aux, tool data, parameter, and MacMan.
data setting mode keys Used to set the data input mode for the OSP-P300. The data setting mode keys include the operations screen, edit aux, tool data, parameter, and machine management keys.
door interlock switch Activates or deactivates door interlock. The door interlock switch requires a key to use.
dry run A machining operation that is conducted without cutting commands. A dry run allows operators to check a part program's operation before actually running the program on a workpiece.
dry run key Turns dry run on or off. The dry run key is part of the NC operations key group.
dry run mode In dry run mode, the machine ignores cutting commands in the part program currently being run. Dry run mode allows operators to check a part program for issues before running it on an actual workpiece.
eco idle stop key Eco idle stop mode allows the machine to turn on and off machine functions as they are needed, conserving power. The eco idle stop key activates or deactivates this mode.
edit aux key Selects edit aux mode. Edit aux mode allows the operator to view, edit, or delete program files.
emergency stop E-stop. Shuts off power to the machine immediately when pressed. The E-stop button is intended to be used in case of emergencies, and its location should be memorized by the machine operator.
function keys Soft keys that change function based on what is shown on the touchscreen. The function keys are located below the touchscreen.
G code Programming code used to mathematically control the CNC machine. G code is organized into lines, and an arrangement of lines of G code intended to produce a completed part is called a part program.
G codes Lines of code in the G code programming language. G codes are used to program machine motion.
grouped axis feed operations A group of controls that allow the operator to control machine movement manually. The grouped axis feed operations section includes the tool attach keys, keys for manual axis movement, the jog handle (if so equipped), and rapid and cutting feed overrides.
index To switch from one tool to the next on a lathe or multitasking machine's turret. Indexing is accomplished with the tool index keys.
index key Used to index the lathe or multitasking machine. The index keys are located in the center of the machine operations panel.
individual mode keys NC operations keys that allow the operator to determine which turrets are currently operating. The individual mode keys display active turrets using a light on the key itself, and the turrets can be run either independently or both at the same time.
Intelligent Technology Features Optional add-ons to the OSP-P300 control. Intelligent Technology Features include 5-Axis Auto Tuning, Machining Navigation, Thermo-Friendly Concept, and Collision Avoidance System.
interlock release A key that unlocks other keys for use. The interlock release key must be held down to activate dry run mode or machine lock mode, change the direction of spindle rotation, and for other functions.
jog handle A rotating handle that can be turned to manually move the machine in a specific axis. The jog handle may be either incorporated into the control or as a separate, handheld unit.
jog movement Machine movement that is controlled manually with the jog handle. Jog movement can be useful for simple operations such as facing.
jog speed The speed at which jog movement is executed in the selected axis. On the OSP-P300, jog movement speed is set as a multiplier of a base speed.
jog speed buttons Used to set jog speed. The jog speed buttons are only available if the jog handle is incorporated into the control.
jog speed knob Used to set jog speed. The jog speed knob is only available if the jog handle exists as a handheld unit.
keyboard A standard QWERTY keyboard. The keyboard is used to enter data into the OSP-P300 control.
lathes A machine designed to cut and shape cylindrical parts. Okuma lathes use the OSP-P300 control.
light key Turns on or off the machine's work light. The light key is found near the NC operations key group.
locked state Mode entered when the e-stop button is pressed. The locked state can be unlocked by turning the e-stop button clockwise until it pops out and pressing control on.
M codes Lines of code in the G code programming language. M codes are used to program machine functions, such as coolant or tool changes, and are often machine- or manufacturer-specific.
M1 code Causes the machine to pause. M1 codes in G-code are only read and executed if optional stop is activated.
machine control A computer responsible for controlling the movements of a CNC machine. The machine control used on Okuma lathes, multitasking machines, and mills is called the OSP-P300.
machine lock key Locks or unlocks the machine. The machine lock key allows operators to run a part program without machine operation; the program's coordinates can be viewed on the display.
machine lock mode Locks or unlocks the machine's ability to perform machining operations. Machine lock mode can be toggled on or off with the machine lock key.
machine operations panel Located at the bottom half of the OSP-P300 control. The machine operations panel includes the keys, buttons, or knobs required to manually operate the machine.
machine status The machine's current data setting mode: operations, edit aux, tool data, parameter, or MacMan. The machine status indicators display the machine status.
machine status indicators Displays the machine status. The machine status indicators show whether the machine is in operations, edit aux, tool data, parameter, or MacMan mode.
Machining Navigation An optional add-on to the OSP-P300 control. Machining Navigation uses a microphone or array of sensors to detect chatter and automatically adjust spindle speed accordingly.
MacMan key Selects machine management (MacMan) mode. MacMan mode is used to access machine management functions.
maintenance screen A screen displaying maintenance reminders and variables. The maintenance screen key will display a red exclamation point if maintenance is needed.
manual One of three operations modes on the OSP-P300 control. Manual mode allows operators to control the machine manually using the machine control panel located at the bottom of the control.
manual data input MDI. One of three operations modes on the OSP-P300 control. Manual data input mode allows operators to enter data into the control using the keyboard or keypad.
manual operation key Displays the manual operation screen. The manual operation key can be toggled on or off.
manuals screen A screen with access to user manuals as well as any documents the user has chosen to upload to the control. The manuals screen is always accessible from the main OSP Suite screen.
micrometers A small, handheld measuring device accurate to as much as 0.0001 in. (0.00254 mm). USB micrometers can be connected to the OSP-P300 control to allow measurements to be directly read by the control.
Microsoft Excel A versatile spreadsheet and database-modeling software designed and sold by Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft Excel can be used to store information from tool offsets to part program variables.
Microsoft Windows A popular and versatile PC operating system designed and sold by Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft Windows is used for all OSP-P300 controls.
mid-auto manual key An NC operations key that interrupts part program operation and allows the operator to take control of the machine manually. The mid-auto manual key can be used to correct issues in a part program while it is running without having to modify the part program itself.
M-spindle On a multitasking machine, a spindle that holds, rotates, and manipulates tools in at least three axes. The M-spindle allows the multitasking machine to replicate the functionality of a mill.
M-spindle CCW key For the M-spindle, begin counterclockwise rotation or change to counterclockwise rotation. The M-spindle CCW key is part of the spindle operations key group.
M-spindle clamp key Clamps the M-spindle on a tool. The M-spindle clamp key is part of the spindle operations key group.
M-spindle CW key For the M-spindle, begin clockwise rotation or change to clockwise rotation. The M-spindle CW key is part of the spindle operations key group.
M-spindle index key Indexes the M-spindle. The M-spindle index key is part of the spindle operations keys.
M-spindle jog key Rotates the M-spindle in the specified direction while the key is held down. M-spindle jog ceases when the M-spindle jog key is released.
M-spindle override knob Overrides M-spindle speed as it is set in the part program. M-spindle override speed can be set from 10% to 300%.
M-spindle stop key Stops the M-spindle. The M-spindle stop key is shown in red on the control.
multitasking machines A CNC machine that combines the functions of a mill and a lathe. Multitasking machines are sometimes known as machining centers.
NC operations keys Keys that allow access to some NC functions. The NC operations keys are located on the machine operations panel.
NC panel switch Activates or deactivates the NC panel. The NC panel switch requires a key to use.
NC screen The main screen displaying the OSP-P300's primary operating functions. The NC screen is always accessible from the main OSP Suite screen.
numeric control panel NC panel. Located at the top half of the OSP-P300 control. The numeric control panel includes all of the keys or inputs required to interact with the OSP-P300's software.
numeric keypad A standard numeric keypad. The numeric keypad is used to enter numeric data into the OSP-P300 control.
offset A numerical value that repositions machine components. Offsets are used to adjust for variations in tool geometry, part size, and other factors.
Okuma App Store An online store where users can download applications for the OSP-P300 control. The Okuma App Store can be found on the Okuma website.
on/off switch panel Contains the keys or switches used to turn on and off the machine, either in parts or as a whole. The on/off switch panel includes the reset button, control on/control off buttons, and the NC panel and door interlock switches.
open-architecture A computer programming standard that allows the user of the program or device to view and manipulate all of its internal code. Open-architecture devices such as the OSP-P300 control are thus extremely versatile and can generally be made to work with most, if not all, third-party or custom programs or apps.
operating mode indicator Indicates the operating mode the machine is currently in. The operating mode indicator will display auto mode, MDI mode, or manual mode.
operations mode keys Allow the OSP-P300 to be set in auto mode, manual data input mode, or manual mode. The operations mode keys are part of the NC panel.
operations screen key Selects the operations screen. The operations screen can be thought of as a back button to leave any of the other modes and return to the OSP-P300's main screen.
operator selection buttons Allows up to three OSP suite configurations to be saved. The operator selection buttons make it easy for multiple operators to configure OSP Suite to their preferences.
optional stop key An NC operations key that causes the machine to stop at any M1 codes in a part program. If the optional stop key is not activated, the machine will skip any M1 codes.
orientation stop The spindle zero position. Orientation stop can only be set for some machines.
OSP Suite A graphical, customizable software interface that allows access to all of the machine's functions. Okuma OSP Suite is available only on OSP-P300 controls.
OSP-P300 control The proprietary control panel used to operate an Okuma lathe, multitasking machine, or mill. The OSP-P300 is used across the entire Okuma product line.
page and cursor keys Allow the operator to flip through pages or to move the cursor when viewing text. The page and cursor keys replicate the functionality of the page up/page down and cursor keys on a standard PC.
parameter key Selects parameter mode. Parameter mode allows key parameters to be changed.
part program A series of instructions used by a CNC machine to perform the necessary sequence of operations to machine a specific workpiece. Part programs are written in G code.
part programs A series of numerical instructions or commands that direct a CNC machine to perform the necessary sequence of operations to set program zero from machine zero and to machine specific workpiece features. Multiple part programs can be stored in a CNC machine at the same time.
peripherals Any device designed to plug into a computer or control. Peripherals for the OSP-P300 can include a keyboard, mouse, or virtually any other component that can connect to the control over USB.
plus and minus keys Used to index the turret either one position forward or one position back. The plus and minus keys are included on the lathe but not the multitasking machine.
rapid feed override knob Used to select rapid feed rate as a percentage of the feed rate in the part program. The rapid feed override knob can be set from 0 percent to 200 percent.
reset key Used to return to normal operation from an alarm state. The reset key should be pressed only after the cause of the alarm state has been discovered and addressed.
sequence restart key Restarts a program operation from partway through. The sequence restart key is used to restore operation after an alarm or other malfunction, for example, if a tool breaks when running a part program.
settings screen Modifies the OSP Suite main screen. The settings screen allows operators to configure OSP Suite to their preference.
sheet change keys Used to change sheets displayed on the touchscreen. The sheet change keys are part of the NC panel.
single block key Allows operators to run a part program block by block. The single block key is active when lit, and operators must press cycle start to read and execute each successive block of G code.
slide hold Stops all motion in the X, Y, and Z axes. Slide hold is canceled by pressing the cycle start button, at which time the machine will resume the program from the point at which it paused when the slide hold button was pressed.
soft keys A key for which the function changes according to a contextual screen display. The function keys on the OSP-P300 are soft keys.
spindle The turret component that holds and rotates or manipulates a tool. Spindle design and function differs by machine.
spindle 2 override knob Overrides spindle 2 speed as it is set in the part program. Spindle override speed can be set from 50% to 200%.
spindle CCW key For the main spindle, begin counterclockwise rotation or change to counterclockwise rotation. The spindle CCW key is part of the spindle operations key group.
spindle clamp key Clamps the spindle on a part. The spindle clamp key is part of the spindle operations key group.
spindle CW key For the main spindle, begin clockwise rotation or change to clockwise rotation. The spindle CCW key is part of the spindle operations key group.
spindle index key Indexes the spindle. The spindle index key is part of the spindle operations keys.
spindle jog key Rotates the spindle in the specified direction while the key is held down. Spindle jog ceases when the M-spindle jog key is released.
spindle operations A group of controls that allow the operator to control the spindle or spindles. The spindle operations key group includes functions such as jogging and indexing tools as well as speed controls for each of the spindles.
spindle override knob Overrides spindle speed as it is set in the part program. Spindle override speed can be set from 50% to 200%.
spindle stop key Stops the spindle. The spindle stop key is shown in red on the control.
start panel The key group includes the E-stop, or emergency stop, button as well as the cycle start and slide hold buttons. The start panel is one of the most important key groups, and it is crucial for operators to memorize its location in case of emergency.
technical calculator A calculator with advanced technical functions. A technical calculator can be added to the OSP Suite main screen as a custom shortcut.
Thermo-Friendly Concept An optional add-on to the OSP-P300 control designed to control and offset for thermal variables. Thermo-Friendly Concept monitors and controls heat inside the machine, predicting and automatically compensating for thermal deformation to the machine or workpiece.
tool attach keys Used to attach keys to a multitasking machine's turret. The tool attach keys are not present on the lathe's control.
tool data key Selects tool data mode. Tool data mode allows the operator to view, input, or modify tool data, including tool offsets and saved tools.
tool index knob Used to index the turret to any position. The tool index knob is including on the multitasking machine but not the lathe.
tool length offsets Offsets designed to compensate for the length of a tool. Tool length offsets can be programmed through apps available in the Okuma App Store.
touchscreen A screen that is designed to respond to touch input. Touchscreens are used on every OSP-P300 control.
turret A rotating component designed to hold a set number of tools. The number of tools that can be held in the turret at once varies depending on the machine.
turret A The primary turret on multitasking machines with multiple turrets. Turret A can be activated or deactivated using its individual mode key.
turret B The secondary turret on multitasking machines with multiple turrets. Turret B can be activated or deactivated using its individual mode key.
USB Universal serial bus. A popular connection standard by which peripherals can be added to a computer. USB devices can be used with the OSP-P300 control.
user interface A piece of software, usually with graphics, buttons, and information displayed on a screen, that allows a user to interact easily with a machine or computer. The user interface designed for Okuma machines is called OSP Suite.
W keys Control the movement of the turret spindle. The W keys and the Y keys can be used to operate the turret manually.
X axis The linear axis perpendicular to the Z and Y axes. On a lathe, the X axis describes turret motion toward and away from the spindle centerline and controls workpiece diameter.
Y axis The linear axis perpendicular to the Z and X axes. The Y axis is typically only programmable on multitasking machines.
Y keys Used to move the position of the entire turret. The Y keys and the W keys can be used to operate the turret manually.
Z axis The linear axis that represents motions and positions perpendicular to the X axis and parallel to the machine spindle. On a lathe, the workpiece typically rotates around the Z axis.