## Hydraulics and Pneumatics Training

Class Information
 Tooling U classes are offered at the beginner, intermediate, and advanced levels. The typical class consists of 12 to 25 lessons and will take approximately one hour to complete.
 Class Name: Hydraulic Power Variables 200 Description: This class discusses the variables involved in hydraulic power transmission and how they describe the capabilities of a hydraulic system. Includes an Interactive Lab. Prerequisites: 570110 Difficulty: Intermediate Number of Lessons: 16 Language: English, Spanish

Below are all the competencies and job programs that contain the class Hydraulic Power Variables 200. Job programs are our traditional class lists organized according to common job functions. Competencies are our latest job-specific curricula that help tie online learning to practical, hands-on tasks.

Click on any title to view its details.

Competencies

Class Outline
• Objectives
• What Is Hydraulic Power?
• Hydraulic Power Variables
• Volume
• Pressure
• Pressure Ratings
• Speed
• Flow Rate
• Displacement
• Hydraulic Horsepower
• Torque and HP
• Noise
• Temperature
• Efficiency
• Hydraulic Applications and the Choice of Components
• Summary

Class Objectives
• Define hydraulic power.
• Describe hydraulic power variables.
• Describe volume.
• Describe pressure.
• Define common pressure ratings.
• Describe speed.
• Describe flow rate.
• Define displacement.
• Describe hydraulic horsepower.
• Define torque.
• Describe noise.
• Identify a proper working temperature range.
• Define efficiency.
• new

Class Vocabulary

Vocabulary TermDefinition
A hydraulic component used to store hydraulic fluid. Accumulators are designed to increase or relieve pressure in the system.
The flow rate that a pump delivers during operation. Volumetric efficiency compares the theoretical flow rate with the actual flow rate.
The amount of horsepower a hydraulic component delivers during operation. When compared to the theoretical operating horsepower, actual operating horsepower can describe mechanical efficiency.
A component such as a cylinder, motor, or rotary actuator that directly helps convert hydraulic energy into mechanical energy.
A decibel scale that reflects the exclusion of frequencies that humans do not normally hear.
A unit of pressure equal to 100,000 pascals.
The pressure rating that indicates the pressure at which a component failed during a pressure rating test.
A hydraulic variable that indicates the volume of fluid a component can contain.
In the metric or SI system, the number of centimeters that a hydraulic component such as a piston actuator travels in one minute. Centimeters per minute is abbreviated cpm.
Noise caused by the normal operation of a hydraulic component.
A component such as a pipe, tube, or hose that conveys liquids throughout a hydraulic system.
A metric unit of measurement that describes the displacement of a hydraulic component.
An English unit of measurement that describes the displacement of a hydraulic component.
One complete revolution or rotation of a rotary hydraulic component, or one complete extension and retraction of a linear hydraulic component.
A unit of measurement that describes the intensity of a sound wave.
A constant ratio between two values in which one value changes in the same way as the other. For example, if value A increases, value B increases. If value A decreases, value B decreases.
A hydraulic power variable that indicates how much fluid is moved by a hydraulic pump in one cycle. Displacement is measured in cubic inches per revolution or cubic centimeters per revolution.
The amount of power output by a fluid power system compared to the amount of power input.
A hydraulic power variable that describes how much fluid is being moved and how much work is being performed. Flow rate is usually measured in gallons per minute (gpm) or liters per minute (lpm).
Noise caused by pressure surges in a hydraulic system.
Power derived from the motion and pressure of a fluid, such as water or air. Hydraulics and pneumatics are sources of fluid power.
A measurement of force indicating the amount of energy needed to move one pound a distance of one foot.
The push or pull that gives energy to an object.
The exponential increase in available power usually associated with tools and power transmission systems.
The number of sound wave oscillations or vibrations in a unit of time. Measured in Hertz (HZ), high frequencies involve more wave cycles than low frequencies in the same amount of time.
A unit of measurement that indicates the flow capabilities of a hydraulic component. Gallons per minute is abbreviated gpm.
A unit of power used to describe the strength of a hydraulic component. One horsepower equals 746 watts.
A hydraulic variable that describes the power provided by a hydraulic system. HHP is directly proportional to flow rate and pressure and inversely proportional to the efficiency of a system.
Power derived from the motion and pressure of a liquid, such as water or oil.
A characteristic of a hydraulic system or component that can be measured and quantified.
In the English system, the number of linear inches that a hydraulic component such as a piston actuator travels in one minute. Inches per minute is abbreviated ipm.
The opening on the side of a pump through which fluid is drawn into the pump.
The power required to operate a pump.
A constant ratio between two values in which one value changes in the opposite way as the other. For example, if value A increases, value B decreases. If value A decreases, value B increases.
A desirable type of fluid flow in which fluid moves smoothly in individual layers or streams.
Motion that takes place along a straight line.
A hydraulic power variable that indicates how much fluid volume a component can move in a given time.
The theoretical operating horsepower compared to the operating horsepower. Mechanical horsepower describes the amount of energy loss in a hydraulic component.
Power created by the force and motion of physical components.
In the metric system, the unit used to measure power and torque, abbreviated as N-m.
A unit of pressure. A newton per square meter is also known as a pascal, which is derived from the International System of Units (SI).
Any unwanted sound. Noise at high decibels is a hearing hazard.
A variable that describes all energy losses in a hydraulic system. Overall efficiency is determined by multiplying volumetric efficiency by mechanical efficiency and dividing by 100.
The point at which horsepower and torque are highest. As speeds increase after the peak values, horsepower and torque decrease.
A unit of pressure. Pounds per square inch is abbreviated psi.
The rate of doing work in a specified period of time.
The power required to run a prime mover, usually expressed in kilowatts or horsepower at a maximum pressure and speed.
The amount of force applied upon an object. Pressure is calculated by dividing force by an area.
An indication of the amount of pressure a fluid conductor can withstand.
The component of a hydraulic system that powers the main pump.
The amount of work performed in a particular time.
A mechanical device used to move liquids in a hydraulic system.
A unit of measurement that indicates the number of revolutions a hydraulic component makes in one minute. Revolutions per minute is abbreviated rpm.
Motion that takes place around a point. Rotary motion is circular.
The amount of distance an object travels in a given period of time. Speed is used to measure both linear and rotational movement.
An indication of the amount of fluid a pump can draw in. Suction capability determines the flow rate of a pump.
The flow rate that a pump is rated to deliver during operation. Volumetric efficiency compares the theoretical flow rate with the actual flow rate.
The amount of horsepower a hydraulic component is capable of delivering. When compared to the actual operating horsepower, theoretical operating horsepower can describe mechanical efficiency.
A control used to vary the speed of a mechanical device such as an engine.
The force exerted in rotation.
An undesirable type of fluid flow in which fluid moves roughly and erratically.
A mechanical device that regulates the flow of liquid in a hydraulic system.
A hydraulic pump that uses a flat protrusion to trap and move liquid through a hydraulic system.
Noise caused by the vibration of components in a hydraulic system.
A hydraulic fluid's resistance to flow. As temperature increases, viscosity decreases.
A hydraulic power variable that describes both the quantity of fluid and the capacity of a component.
The theoretical flow rate compared to the actual flow rate. Volumetric efficiency describes the amount of leakage, or losses in volume, in a hydraulic component.
A unit used to measure power. 746 watts is equal to one horsepower.
The result of force applied to an object over a distance.
The pressure rating that indicates the maximum pressure a conductor should experience in service.