Summary: This class describes the fundamental theory to properly supporting, locating, and clamping a workpiece. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class identifies the standard workholding devices used for both the mill and the lathe.
Summary: "Manual Mill Basics" provides an introduction to the manual milling machine. Manual mills are generally either vertical or horizontal, depending on their spindle orientation. This class introduces the machine components, cutting tools and workholding devices commonly used on milling machines. The class also provides an overview of the various controls on the mill that are used to adjust spindle rotation, speed, feed, and depth.Before learning to operate a manual mill, it is necessary to have a basic understanding of the machine tool components as well as the cutting tools and workholding devices that may be used on the machine. The manual mill is a complex machine with many controls and variables, and familiarity is key to becoming a successful operator.
Summary: “Engine Lathe Basics” provides an introduction to the components and controls used on a manual lathe. The lathe creates cylindrical parts by producing a round diameter on a part by rotating a workpiece against a stationary single-point cutting tool. The engine lathe, operated manually, is composed of a bed, ways, headstock, spindle, tailstock, carriage assembly, and leadscrew. Workholding devices are attached to the spindle to hold the workpiece as the carriage moves the cutting tool parallel or perpendicular to the workpiece. Cutting operations performed on the lathe include outer diameter (OD) operations and inner diameter (ID) operations.To produce parts on a manual lathe, the operator must first understand the lathe’s basic components and functions. After the class users should be able to describe the general machine components and controls of a manual engine lathe and their basic function.
Summary: "Manual Mill Setup" details important considerations that a mill operator must make before starting any cutting process as well as the steps an operator must follow to ensure proper manual mill setup. Mill setup requires operators to know how to select appropriate cutting variables and tools, align various mill components and a workpiece, use an edge finder and readout, and determine part zero. Correct setup is critical for cutting precisely and accurately dimensioned parts.Performing cutting operations on a mill with incorrect setup up results in reduced part quality and increased scrap production and manufacturing costs. After taking this class, a user should be able to accurately select process variables as well as correctly perform manual mill setup.
Summary: "Engine Lathe Setup" details important considerations that a lathe operator must take before starting any cutting process as well as the steps to ensure proper engine lathe setup. Lathe setup requires operators to know how to select appropriate cutting variables and tools, align various lathe components and a workpiece, and zero the tool. Correct setup is critical for cutting precisely to create parts with accurate dimensions.Performing turning operations on a lathe with incorrect or inadequate setup results in reduced part quality and increased scrap production and manufacturing costs. After taking this class, a user should be able to accurately select process variables as well as correctly perform engine lathe setup.
Summary: "Benchwork and Layout Operations" provides a detailed overview of the various benchwork and layout processes that operators often need to perform during manual machining. Layout is the process of marking a workpiece prior to cutting in order to have a visual guideline during cutting operations. Benchwork includes various cutting processes that machinists complete by hand rather than on a machine when creating part features that require less power and force. Common benchwork operations include hand tapping, hand reaming, hand filing, and engraving.Manually machined workpieces often require benchwork and layout operations. As a result, benchwork and layout are essential skills to have for any manual mill operator. A knowledge of not just how, but also when and why to perform benchwork and layout operations is key to becoming a skilled manual machinist and producing precise, accurate manually cut parts.
Summary: "Manual Mill Operation" serves as a guide for manually machining various features onto a workpiece. The class takes the users through the steps of creating a part on the manual mill, including determining the order of operations, squaring the six sides, creating a step, grooving, center drilling, and drilling. It focuses on step-by-step instructions on how to perform each operation to result in a part that is symmetrical and within tolerance. These steps can be applied to various face milling, end milling, and holemaking operations, allowing students to create precise parts through manual milling.A broad knowledge of not only how to operate a manual milling machine, but why each step in the operations process is used, is key for any machinist. This class will speed up the time it takes for new operators to learn manual milling and reduce user errors.
Summary: “Engine Lathe Operation” serves as a guide for manually machining various features onto a workpiece. The class establishes principles of basic lathe operation and takes users through procedures for common outer diameter operations, including turning, facing, taper turning, knurling, parting off, grooving, and threading, and inner diameter operations, such as drilling, boring, reaming, and tapping. It focuses on step-by-step instructions on how to perform each operation, allowing students to create precise parts on the engine lathe.A broad knowledge of not only how to operate an engine lathe, but also the importance of each step in an operation, is key for any machinist. This class will speed up the time it takes for students to learn to operate an engine lathe and also reduce operator errors.
Summary: "Holemaking on the Manual Mill" provides information on the principles and processes for various holemaking operations that the manual milling machine can perform. A manual mill is capable of a number of precise holemaking operations, including drilling, tapping, reaming, counterboring, countersinking, and boring. Each holemaking operation requires different tools, preparation, and operation.Machinists commonly perform holemaking operations on the manual mill and must perform them accurately to produce parts that are within tolerance. If holemaking operations are not precise and accurate, assembly of the part will be impossible, leading to increased scrap. Manual machinists must understand how to carry out the various holemaking operations in order to reduce costs and increase quality.
Summary: "Cutting Processes" provides an introductory overview of the common metal cutting operations. To those new to manufacturing and machining, familiarity with the basic machines, tools, and principles of metal cutting is essential. The class focuses on the most common machining tools, the saw, lathe, and mill, and the common processes performed on each, such as band sawing, turning, end milling, and drilling. "Cutting Processes" also offers an introduction to holemaking and describes the differences between inner and outer diameter operations.A basic, foundational knowledge of metal cutting processes is essential to gain understanding of more advanced information such as cutting theory, tool and workpiece material, cutting variables, and tool geometries. After taking this class, students should be able to identify the most common cutting processes, as well as the machines used to perform them.
Summary: "Basic Cutting Theory" provides an introductory overview of metal cutting theory and chip formation. The most fundamental aspect of cutting theory is the use of a cutting tool to remove material in the form of chips. Cutting tools can be divided into single-point tools, commonly used on the lathe, and multi-point tools, commonly used in milling and holemaking. The shape and type of chip created by cutting indicates whether or not cutting conditions are optimized. Adjusting tool angles and cutting variables has the largest effect on chip creation and cutting conditions.Understanding how chips are formed and what factors change or optimize chip formation is essential to performing an effective metal cutting operation. Chip formation affects surface finish, part quality, and tool life, and thus has a large effect on manufacturing economy.
Summary: "Band Saw Operation" gives an in-depth description of the considerations required for band sawing operations. Band sawing is a common way to perform rough cuts on raw stock, and uses a continuous, flexible metal blade looped over machine wheels. Band sawing can be performed with a variety of blade materials and styles, including different tooth spacing and geometry. The specific blade type and cutting variables used depend on the specific workpiece and cutting operation.Band sawing can be an efficient, low-cost way to rough cut stock to size. However, in order to effectively perform band sawing operations, operators must be aware of factors such as blade material, tooth set, tooth form, tooth spacing, and optimal speed and feed settings. This class provides the information necessary to identify optimal band sawing variables and conditions.
Summary: “Intro to CNC Machines” provides a comprehensive introduction to computer numerical control (CNC), which uses numerical data to control a machine. CNC machines rely on a system of three linear and three rotational axes in order to calculate the motion and position of machine components and workpieces. A machine control unit controls and guides the movements of the machine tool. This class also describes PTP positioning, which moves to the end position before the tool begins to cut, and continuous path systems that can move a tool along two or more axes at once and cut during the movement. Additionally, closed-loop systems provide feedback, while open-loop systems do not.CNC machines are used to make a variety of products using a number of different processes. With proper training, a human operator can use CNC machines to make accurate parts with decreased risk of error. After taking this class users should be able to describe common components of CNC machine tools and controls.
Summary: “Control Panel Functions for the CNC Lathe” explains how operators use the machine and control panel functions to operate a CNC lathe. Operators use the handle and jog modes to move a turret or machine spindle incrementally or steadily. MDI mode executes isolated lines of programming and memory mode selects and edits existing programs. Before running a program, an operator may choose to execute the program in single block mode to prove it out or select the optional stop or block delete functions. The cycle start button starts the program. Once a program is running, the operator can use the control interface to adjust cutting variables with overrides.To use a CNC lathe, an operator needs to know how to perform important operations using machine panel functions to move machine components and control panel functions to execute programming codes. After taking this class, users should be able to explain the purpose of frequently used controls on the control panel of a CNC lathe.
Summary: “Control Panel Functions for the CNC Mill” explains how operators use the machine and control panel functions to operate a CNC mill. Operators use the handle and jog mode to move mill axes incrementally or steadily. MDI mode executes isolated lines of programming and memory mode selects and edits existing programs. Before running a program, an operator may choose to execute the program in single block mode to prove it out or select the optional stop or block delete functions. The cycle start button starts the program. Once a program is running, the operator can use the machine control unit to adjust speed and feed with an override.To use a CNC mill, an operator needs to know how to perform important operations using machine panel functions to move machine components and control panel functions to execute programming codes. After taking this class, users should be able to explain the purpose of frequently used controls on the control panel of a CNC mill.
Summary: This introductory course presents the practical basics for learning how to use the latest CNC equipment. By incorporating a proven "key concepts" approach, it examines the techniques needed for programming and operating a variety of CNC machine tools with emphasis on CNC machining and turning centers. You will gain a firm understanding of the basics required to become proficient with this sophisticated and popular form of manufacturing equipment.
Summary: The class “Basic Measurement” offers an overview of common gaging and variable inspection tools and methods. Variable inspection takes a specific measurement using common devices such as calipers and micrometers. The sensitivity of the instrument must be greater than the measurement being taken. Both calipers and micrometers are read by finding the alignments in lines on the devices. Gages, such as gage blocks, plug gages, ring gages, and thread gages, reveal whether a dimension is acceptable or unacceptable without a specific quantity. All inspection devices should be properly mastered and maintained to retain accuracy.
One of the fundamental activities of any shop is the measurement of part features. Consistent measurement and inspection maintains standardization and ensures that out-of-tolerance parts do not reach customers. After taking this class, users should be able to describe the use and care of common inspection instruments and gages used in the production environment.
Summary: The class “Calibration Fundamentals” provides a basic introduction to the importance of calibrating measuring instruments. Calibration determines the accuracy of measuring instruments by comparing its value to a higher-level measurement standard, usually a working standard gage block. Measurement standards follow a hierarchy consisting of primary, secondary, and working standards. Traceability links these standards together. Measurement uncertainty estimates the accuracy of a measurement. It is the range in which the true value of a measurement is expected to lie.
High-accuracy parts require tight tolerances. Tighter tolerances require higher-accuracy measuring instruments. While uncertainty and error exists in every measurement, careful calibration can help to minimize inaccuracy when inspecting parts with measuring instruments. After taking this class, users should be able to explain how calibration and traceability impact the use and care of inspection devices.
Summary: “Basics of Tolerance” provides a comprehensive overview on part tolerancing, including different types of tolerances and the relationship between tolerances and part dimensions. Every manufactured part must meet certain specifications. Tolerances describe the range of acceptable measurements in which a part can still perform its intended function. Tolerance ranges typically describe a linear measurement. Surface texture can require a certain tolerance as well. Tolerances attempt to balance the use of a product with the cost required to produce that product.Improper tolerancing can result in parts that do not function in the way they were intended or parts produced with dimensions that are more precise than necessary, adding unwanted cost to production. After the class, users will be able to describe common methods used for part tolerancing, as well as the impact tolerances have on part production and quality.
Summary: The class “Blueprint Reading” provides a thorough understanding of blueprints and how to read them. Blueprints are documents that contain three major elements: the drawing, dimensions, and notes. The drawing illustrates the views of the part necessary to show its features. Together, the extension and dimension lines on the drawing indicate dimensions and specific tolerance information of each feature. The notes contain administrative and global information about the part. A blueprint contains all instructions and requirements necessary to manufacture and inspect a part.An understanding of how to read a blueprint is critical to manufacture and inspect parts to accurate specifications. Accurate blueprint creation helps to ensure that finished parts will function in a way that meets the original intent. After taking this class, users should be able to read a basic blueprint and determine the critical features on a part that need to be measured.
Summary: The class “Hole Standards and Inspection” provides a comprehensive introduction to hole inspection using contact instruments. Hole inspection ensures that a hole will meet its proper job specifications, including fit, diameter, roundness, and condition. Gaging instruments, like pin and plug gages, determine fit. Variable instruments determine size and must make three points of contact to find out-of-round conditions. Variable instruments may be mechanical, electronic, optical, or pneumatic. More complex handheld devices include telescoping gages, split-ball gages, calipers, inside micrometers, and bore gages.
Job specifications, environmental concerns, and economic issues all determine which hole inspection device to use. Choosing the wrong tool could result in an out-of-tolerance hole passing inspection. After taking this class, users should be able to explain how to measure common hole features with plug gages, pin gages, and calipers and verify they are within tolerance.
Summary: "Thread Standards and Inspection" explains the various parts of threads and how to inspect them. Manufacturers inspect threads according to unified or ISO standards or using System 21, System 22, and System 23. Several features must be checked to make sure that threads meet specifications. Gaging inspection tools, or go/no-go gages, simply determine whether or not a part will fit. Variable thread inspection tools determine whether a thread falls within a specified tolerance range. Thread type and specifications affect the tools used to inspect threads.Understanding the various components and classifications used to identify threads is critical for accurate inspection. After the class, the user will be able to explain how to measure common threaded features with internal and external thread gages and verify the features are within tolerance.
Summary: "Relays, Contactors, and Motor Starters" provides an overview of the primary components involved in electric motor control. Relays are electrical switches that control a circuit. When activated by current, a relay opens and closes a circuit to turn a larger current on or off. Contactors control current by conducting it through metal contacts that make or break electrical circuits. When combined with an overload relay, a contactor becomes a motor starter.Working with relays, contactors, and motor starters requires technicians to understand how to properly care for such devices and how to operate them effectively. After taking this class, users will be able to describe the design and function of common relays, contactors, and motor starters, as well as the applications for each device.
Summary: "Control Devices 211" covers the fundamental components of motor controls, devices that control the flow of current in circuits. Dangers of electric shock and other safety risks are significantly heightened when working with control devices. Control devices can be manual, mechanical, or automatic and are used in a variety of ways. Control devices include different types of buttons and switches, all of which serve differing purposes. It is necessary for those working with motor controls to understand control devices and apply their knowledge to appropriately select and operate these items according to application. After taking this course, students will be able to describe the design and function of commonly used mechanical control devices, along with applications appropriate for each device.
Summary: "Distribution Systems 221" describes power distribution systems and their components. Distribution systems are integral parts of motor control systems because they consist of all generators, transformers, wires, and other devices used to transport power from the source to end use. Generating stations house generators that are linked together in parallel circuits to create power. Transformers step up and step down voltage. Substations house transformers and provide a safe point to cut the power.Understanding the ways in which electricity is distributed and how to work safely with distribution systems is an essential part of working within motor controls. After taking this course, users will be able to describe how power enters a facility and is distributed to electrical equipment, as well as best practices for safely working with electrical power distribution systems.
Summary: "Limit Switches and Proximity Sensors" introduces users to commonly used manufacturing sensors that detect the presence or absence of an object. Limit switches are mechanical sensors that require physical contact to be actuated. There are many variations of limit switches, including different operating mechanisms and environmental classifications. Proximity sensors, including inductive, capacitive, and Hall Effect sensors, do not require physical contact because they use an electronic or magnetic sensing field. These devices have different advantages and disadvantages and are used for various applications.Limit switches and proximity sensors are widely used for automated systems in all types of industries. They are used to control speed and motion as well as detect, count, position, and divert parts. After taking this class, users will understand the function, application, and installation considerations for commonly used limit switches and proximity sensors.
Summary: Intro to Physical Properties provides an overview of manufacturing materials and their physical properties, including thermal, electrical, and magnetic properties. This class also introduces users to volumetric characteristics, such as mass, weight, and density.
Physical properties determine how a material will react to moisture, heat, electricity, and other factors. In order to choose the best tooling or raw material for an application, manufacturers must understand the physical properties of key metals, plastics, and other materials. After taking this course, users will be able to identify and describe key physical properties and their value in a manufacturing setting.
Summary: "Intro to Mechanical Properties" provides a thorough introduction to key mechanical properties, such as tensile strength, hardness, ductility, and impact resistance. This class discusses how shear, compression, and tensile stress impact a material's properties, how force is shown on a stress-strain graph, and common methods manufacturers use to test a material's strength.
To make quality products, manufacturers must anticipate how a material responds to shaping and cutting forces and understand how that material will ultimately function once it reaches the customer. Evaluating a material's mechanical and physical properties is the first step to choosing reliable tooling and processing methods. After taking Intro to Mechanical Properties, users will know more about hardness, ductility, and strength, what materials exhibit these characteristics, and common methods a facility might use to test these qualities.
Summary: "Classification of Steel" introduces users to steel designations systems, particularly AISI-SAE and UNS methods. This class describes classifications for plain carbon, alloy, high-strength low alloy, stainless, and tool steels, with a focus on AISI-SAE designations.
There are many different types of steels, each having unique chemical contents and properties. Manufacturers distinguish between these metals by a numerical designation. In the AISI-SAE system, this number indicates the family of steel and the steel's carbon content. Some designations also describe the metal's intended use or special properties.
Because composition and processing methods determine a metal's properties, understanding steel classification is critical to choosing the best material for an application. After this class, users will be able to distinguish between major types of steel classifications and describe the nomenclature used to identify various grades of steel.
Summary: "Essentials of Heat Treatment" provides a through introduction to steel heat treatment, including a discussion of how heat and carbon content impact a steel's microstructure. This class also describes common heat treating methods, such as annealing, quenching, normalizing, and tempering.Steel is heat treated to adjust the metal's properties. Heat treatments can increase a steel's hardness or ductility, or relieve stresses that accumulate due to other processing steps. To choose the best heat treating method for an application, manufacturers must understand how heat and carbon dictate phase changes and how different processes can be combined to produce a desired property. After completing this course, users will be familiar with heat treating theories and processes and be better equipped to use heat treatments.
Summary: "Ferrous Metals" discusses the properties and applications of cast iron and steel, including an overview of plain carbon steel, stainless steel, and HSLA steels, along with an introduction to AISI-SAE designations. This course also describes gray, ductile, white, and malleable cast irons and their uses.
Ferrous metals have broad commercial and industrial applications due to their strength, versatility, and relatively low costs. Fasteners, automotive components, structural shapes, tooling, and even aircraft parts can be made with ferrous metals. Understanding the range of cast iron and steels available enables manufacturers to choose reliable raw materials and effective processing methods. After completing this course, users will be better equipped to evaluate materials and anticipate how ferrous metals will function in different environments.
Summary: "Nonferrous Metals" provides an overview of the properties and uses of common nonferrous metals, including aluminum, copper, magnesium, nickel, lead, and titanium. This class also discusses how refractory metals and how nonferrous metals are classified in the Unified Numbering System (UNS).
Selecting the best alloy for an application begins with understanding each metal's properties and interactions. Nonferrous metals, although not as widely used as steel, are still valued as essential alloying elements or for advanced applications. After taking this class, new or practicing manufacturers will be able to identify various nonferrous metals, their characteristics, and their uses.
Summary: “Electrical Units” provides a foundational overview of electricity, including fundamental measures and terminology used to discuss electricity. Electricity is the flow of electrons, which are negatively charged particles. The amount of valence electrons in an atom determines how well it allows electricity to flow. There are two types of electricity, alternating current and direct current, but both flow from negative to positive. Current is measured by certain terms, including amperage, voltage, resistance, and wattage. Ohm’s Law and Watt’s Law describe the relationships between these values in a circuit.When working with electrical systems, knowing how electricity flows and what different terms mean is very important. After taking this class, users should be familiar with the fundamentals of electricity and the vocabulary used to describe it. This enables users to build an understanding of more advanced electrical concepts and discuss them with the correct terminology.
Summary: "Safety for Electrical Work” provides an overview of the risks of working with electricity, as well as safety precautions Electricity can cause shock, burns, and fires. Electric shock occurs when current passes through a person's body. Overheating electrical components can cause burns and fires. To prevent electrical injuries, circuits and components must be properly grounded and maintained and employees must observe lockout/tagout practices and wear the appropriate personal protective equipment.Employees must understand and practice precautionary and preventative measures in order to safely and effectively work with electricity. After completing this course, users will be able to describe the best practices for maintaining safety and preventing injury while working with electrical systems.
Summary: “Introduction to Circuits” provides a foundational overview of electrical circuitry. Whether wired in series, parallel, or a combination of the two, all circuits consist of a source, path, control, and load. Each of these components serves a purpose, and many circuits have extra components to prevent safety hazards and damage. Visual representations of circuits, such as schematic diagrams, use symbols of these components to illustrate the circuit’s layout. This method makes it easier to understand circuits and the rules that describe how they function, such as Kirchhoff’s Laws.Understanding how circuits work is essential when working with electricity. This includes being familiar with circuit components, circuit diagrams, and the rules that govern circuits, which serves as the basis for understanding advanced electrical topics. Without the foundational information presented in this class, users would not be prepared to study more complex aspects of electrical systems.
Summary: “Introduction to Magnetism” provides a thorough overview of magnetism and how it relates to electricity. Magnetism is a force of attraction and repulsion that occurs when the molecules in a material align. Materials become magnetized when they are exposed to a magnetic field. Materials can be demagnetized with heat, vibration, or a magnetic field generated by alternating current. Magnets have two different poles, like the earth. Magnetic forces exit the north pole of a magnet and are attracted to the south pole. These forces, or lines of flux, are essential for producing electricity with magnetic induction.Electricity and magnetism are closely related. Magnetism is used to create electricity, and electricity is used to create magnetism. Most of the world’s electricity comes from magnetic induction. Understanding how these and other magnetic devices work requires familiarity with magnetism and its relationship to electricity.
Summary: “DC Circuit Components” provides a comprehensive overview of the different parts that appear in DC circuits, including source, path, control, and load. DC power sources include batteries, generators, and piezoelectricity. The path of a circuit is made of a conductor, which has low resistance, but other materials with more resistance, such as insulators, semiconductors, and resistors, are often also used in circuits. In general, switches are used to control current, but many circuits also have safety devices, such as fuses and breakers, to protect the circuit from high current conditions.Understanding the purpose of different components is essential for working with DC circuits. After taking this class, users should have a firm grasp of many different circuit components and understand when and why they are used. This knowledge will allow them to design effective circuits and recognize potential problems with a circuit’s components.
Summary: "NEC Overview" provides information on the contents, purpose, history, and applications of the National Electrical Code. The NEC is written for experienced electrical workers. The NEC(R) is the essential standard on minimum safe installations.
While safe practices are encouraged when working with electrical systems and the NEC(R) offers them, the code is not the law unless it is adopted by local government. However, the NEC(R), in some form, is the law for minimum electrical installations in all states.
Using and understanding the National Electrical Code is essential for anyone who works with electrical systems. This course assists readers in navigating the NEC(R) and understanding its function. After completing this course, users will be able to describe the structure of the National Electric Code(R), as well as its major guidelines that impact electrical maintenance in production facilities.
Summary: "AC Fundamentals 241" discusses alternating current (AC) as the most common form of electrical power. AC waves can be viewed and measured on the screen of an oscilloscope. Alternating current is economical, can be sent long distances, and can be stepped up or stepped down to adjust voltage. Different AC waveforms exist, the most common being sine waves. Ohm's law holds true for AC circuits, but voltage and current both increase and decrease together in a cycle while impedance remains constant.Anyone working within electrical systems must understand the fundamental concepts and basic workings of alternating current to ensure their safety. After taking this course, students will be able to describe electrical flow in an alternating current circuit and the impact alternating current has on electrical variables.
Summary: "Electrical Instruments 251" describes the various roles of electrical testing instruments in maintaining the safety of electrical workers. From the basic galvanometer to today’s digital multimeters, electrical instruments are primarily used to determine if electricity is flowing properly and safely through devices and circuits. Most meters made today are digital. Watt and watt-hour meters are used to measure power or energy. Many other meters, such as oscilloscopes, decibel meters, and "wiggies," are designed for specialized uses.All electrical instruments offer a better understanding of the operating conditions of electricity. Various organizations that set manufacturer standards ensure the accuracy of electrical instruments. Upon taking this course, students will be able to describe how to use electrical measuring instruments to safely and accurately measure electrical variables.
Summary: “Electrical Print Reading” provides a fundamental overview of common electrical prints and symbols. The most common prints are pictorial, one-line, schematic, and wiring diagrams. Pictorial diagrams use illustrations to represent circuit components, but the other common types of diagrams use symbols. There are many different symbols, and some symbols have different variations. Diagrams include symbol keys to indicate what symbols represent, and sometimes symbols are labeled to make them easier to understand.This class introduces users to the types of prints and symbols that they are most likely to see, which will prepare them for reading and writing their own electrical prints. These are integral skills for working with electrical systems, since almost all electrical projects, from designing a circuit to troubleshooting one, involve electrical prints.
Summary: “DC Power Sources” provides a foundational overview of direct current and the different power sources that produce it. A DC power source is any means used to convert various forms of energy into DC electricity. DC power sources include batteries, fuel cells, solar cells, and DC generators. Most DC power is supplied by batteries, but generators are used for some applications. Fuel cells and solar cells are not widely used but may be more popular in the future if they can be made less expensive and more efficient.After taking this class, users will be familiar with different methods of producing DC power and other important concepts, such as magnetic induction. This is important for working with electrical systems because many electrical devices operate on direct current. In addition, DC may become more popular in the future if alternative sources such as fuel and solar cells become more cost-effective.
Summary: "AC Power Sources” describes the common power sources used to generate alternating current (AC). Most AC power is produced by rotating field generators. Rotating field generators are made up of a rotor, stator, windings, and poles and rely on magnetic induction to produce voltage. Several types of distribution systems link AC generators to end users in order to deliver power. Transformers step voltage up and down to make it easier to transfer within a distribution system. Most transformers are three-phase and can have different types of cores. Regardless of its application, electricity in all forms must always be handled with care to minimize safety risks and damage to equipment.After completing this course, users will be able to describe common AC power sources, their basic constructions, and the ways in which they operate. This knowledge will enable users to keep themselves safe while effectively working within electrical systems that use common AC power sources.
Summary: "Conductor Selection 291" describes the different features of conductors and the considerations involved selecting conductors for electrical wiring applications. Electricians use the National Electrical Code(R) to guide the selection process. Different materials are used to construct conductors. Copper is the most popular choice due to its affordability, low resistance, and good conductivity. Insulation is used to protect conductors from damage and electricians from injury. Wire protection is added to conductors to prevent damage from environmental factors.Correction factors must be considered when selecting a conductor, including ambient temperature, number of conductors, and conductor length. When electricians use the NEC(R) and have an understanding of conductor features and correction factors, selecting appropriate conductors to safely carry power is ensured and essential when working with electrical systems.
Summary: This course covers the fundamentals and principles of AC and DC electric. Electrical safety procedures, lock out/tag out, and OSHA compliance are reviewed. The operation and use of relay contacts, input / output devices and measuring instruments are then covered.
Summary: This course covers the knowledge and step by step methodology to enable one to troubleshoot electrical systems. Fundamentals of basic electrical theory along with understanding symbols and circuits will set a foundation for the beginning of the course. Meters and their use are covered next with lots of hands-on work. The use of measurement devices combined with knowledge of circuits then becomes the focus of the course. This knowledge is used to understand and troubleshoot relays and motors, power distribution and quality, motor controls, electric motor drives, and more.
Summary: “Introduction to Mechanical Systems” provides a foundational overview of mechanical systems. Simple machines, such as the lever, incline planed, and wheel, are the building blocks of even the most complex mechanical systems. Both simple and complex machines manipulate mechanical forces, including distance and friction, in order to achieve mechanical advantage.Understanding how simple machines work is essential to understanding and working with any type of machinery. This includes being familiar with each type of simple machine as well as its components, function, and mechanical advantage, all of which serve as the basis for understanding advanced mechanical topics. Without the foundational information presented in this class, users will not be prepared to study more complex aspects of mechanical systems.
Summary: The class “Safety for Mechanical Work” provides a comprehensive overview of the safety hazards associated with working on any mechanical system, including the possibility for falls, fires, electrocution, or crushing injuries when entering a machine. In addition, contact with certain machine fluids can cause skin and eye irritation. Many machines require machine guards because the operator works in close proximity with the point of operation and moving components. Injuries often occur when operators start machines without knowing that someone is performing maintenance.After taking the class, a user should be able to demonstrate awareness of and follow proper safety protocols while working on machines. Being aware of potential safety hazards reduces an operator's risk of injury. The key to safely maintaining machines is to perform proper lockout/tagout procedures, follow established safety guidelines, and maintain a well-organized, safe work environment.
Summary: "Forces of Machines" provides a comprehensive overview of the physical forces behind machine functions. All machines are based on the science of mechanics, which deals with the effects of different forces that either cause or prevent motion. Understanding the different types of forces, the physical laws that define them, and the ways in which they are measured is crucial to understanding machine functions.Understanding how machines work is essential to working with and performing maintenance upon any type of machinery. This includes the ability to distinguish between contact and non-contact forces, linear and rotary motion, speed and velocity, and scalar and vector quantities, all of which serve as a basis for more advanced mechanical topics. After completing this class, users will be prepared to both work with and study more complex aspects of mechanical systems.
Summary: "Bearing Applications" provides an overview of the many different types of bearings used in mechanical applications. Bearings are an essential part of many applications because they provide movement and reduce friction. A variety of bearing types are available. Each type of bearing accepts different loads, works in specific ways, and requires the appropriate lubrication regimens and maintenance procedures. As a result, both an application's key variables and a bearing's capabilities must be assessed in order to choose the most appropriate bearing for the application's needs.Without proper application and maintenance, bearings will function less efficiently, increasing the chance for premature failure and downtime. A lack of knowledge will consequently slow production as well as add excess waste and cost to the process. After taking this class, a user should be able to accurately select bearings and take the measures necessary to ensure optimal bearing life.
Summary: “Belt Drive Applications” provides an overview of the many belts used in mechanical systems. Belt drives are essential to many applications since they transmit power, torque, and speed. A variety of belt types are available. Each functions at different speeds and transmits different amounts of power. The unique designs of different belts vary depending on application. As a result, both an application's key variables and a belt drive's capabilities must be assessed in order to choose the most appropriate belt drive.Without proper application and maintenance, belt drives will function less efficiently, increasing the chance for premature failure and downtime. Proper belt maintenance can speed production and reduce a process’s waste and cost. After taking this class, a user should be able to select appropriate belt drives and perform the maintenance necessary to ensure optimal belt drive life.
Summary: "Gear Applications" provides an overview of the many different types of gears and gear drives used in mechanical applications. Gears are an essential part of many applications because they transmit power and motion as well as alter the speed, torque, or direction of mechanical energy. Gear design and the structure of gear drives vary depending upon their application. As a result, both an application's key variables and a gear's capabilities must be assessed in order to choose the most appropriate gear for the application's needs.Without proper application and maintenance, gears will function less efficiently, increasing the chance for premature failure and downtime. A lack of knowledge will consequently slow production as well as add excess waste and cost to the process. After taking this class, a user should be able to identify different gears, understand gear drive abilities, and possess the knowledge to safely operate gear systems.
Summary: This class describes different types of industrial lubricants and explains the importance of proper lubrication procedure. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class discusses the variables involved in mechanical power transmission and how they affect industrial processes. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class discusses different types of springs, how they are used in machines, and how to select the right spring for a particular application.
Summary: This class describes different types of clutches and brakes, the operating conditions in which they are used, and installation, maintenance, and safety concerns.
Summary: In this course mechanical elements of power transmission including gears, levers, chains, belts, pulleys, shafts and couplings are introduced. Component application and maintenance is included. Safety will continuously be addressed throughout each topic.
Examines lubrication systems used in industrial applications. Application of pumping packages, lines, hoses, monitors, divider blocks, injectors, and lubrication components are examined. Proper installation, selection, and safe troubleshooting practices are discussed.
This course consists of classroom presentation and hands-on training. The hands-on portion will have participants working on lubrication training equipment, reading and interpreting lubrication system prints as well as examining lubrication systems in use on the plant floor (if allowable).
Summary: “The Forces of Fluid Power” presents a comprehensive overview of fluid power transmission systems. It offers a broad scope of information, from fluid characteristics and basic energy forms to force multiplication and the effect of fluid flow rate in a system. When pressurized, fluids are able to produce tremendous power with a minimal amount of effort. Maintaining constant fluid flow is essential for any system to work effectively. While the type of fluid in systems differ, the key components of all fluid systems and processes are similar. More importantly, the units of measurement are the same.Without a full understanding of fluid power and the units used to measure key components of a fluid system, a fluid system may not have the proper pressure, volume, force, or fluid flow rate needed to maintain constant fluid flow. After taking the class, users will be able to better recognize how fluids systems function and explain the variables that affect them.
Summary: "Safety for Hydraulics and Pneumatics" provides a complete overview of the best safety and injury prevention practices for fluid power systems. Fluid power systems rely on the use of highly pressurized liquids and gases. As a result, working with fluid power systems is associated with a variety of hazards, including risk of injection injuries as well as exposure to extreme temperatures and hazardous energy. Several devices and safety procedures can mitigate the potential for accidents and damage to system components.Without a thorough understanding of fluid system safety standards, procedures, and devices, working with pressurized fluids can result in severe burns, poisoning, respiratory damage, intestinal bleeding, and death. After taking "Safety for Hydraulics and Pneumatics, " users will be able recognize how to prevent accidental injury and equipment damage when working with fluid power systems.
Summary: "Introduction to Hydraulic Components" provides users with an overview of how the active and passive components of a hydraulic system work together to transmit power. The active components of a hydraulic system are the hydraulic pump, control valves, and the actuator. Fluid conductors and fluid storage containers are passive components. Each part of a hydraulic system contributes to the manipulation of pressurized hydraulic fluid in order for the system to perform work.After completing "Introduction to Hydraulic Components," users will have an understanding of how the main components of a hydraulic system work together to convert hydraulic energy into mechanical power. Fluid system operators should be knowledgeable about the functions of hydraulic system components and how each part contributes to the success of the hydraulic system.
Summary: “Introduction to Pneumatic Components” provides a comprehensive overview of pneumatic power and the elements that allow a pneumatic system to perform work. Users will become familiar with the physical laws behind the compression of the pneumatic fluids that power a system and they will gain an understanding of how each unique component impacts the efficiency and effectiveness of the system.
Transportation, manufacturing, and construction are just some of the fields that depend on pneumatic systems to perform work. Modern cranes, excavators, and automobile brakes would not be possible without pneumatics. In manufacturing, pneumatic technology is widely used for factory automation, with applications in all steps of product manipulation and processing. After taking this class, users will be able to identify the components that affect each step of a pneumatic system.
Summary: "Introduction to Fluid Conductors" provides a comprehensive overview of conductors in a fluid system, outlining the potential impact that each conductor has on a specific system. The unique types of conductors have a profound influence on the effectiveness of a fluid system. In general, every conductor offers a tradeoff between flexibility and strength. A fluid conductor must be matched according to the specific needs of a particular system. Without proper fluid conductor selection, leakage and a lack of system inefficiency may occur. Inefficiency will slow production and add excess waste and cost to the process. After taking this class, users will be able to better identify the types of fluid conductors and their specific advantages and disadvantages within a fluid system.
Summary: "Fittings for Fluid Systems" provides a comprehensive overview of the types of fittings used to join or terminate a conductor run, as well as an overview of the maintenance and instillation of fittings. The unique types of fittings have a profound impact on the effectiveness of a pneumatic system. In general, every type of fittings offers something specific in terms of its ability to move, direct, and seal a system. A fitting must be matched to the needs of the size, conductor type and fluid type in use.
Without proper fitting selection and maintenance, the pneumatic system will lose efficiency or fail. Loss of efficiency and system failure adds excess waste and cost to the process. After taking this class, users will be able to better identify the types of fittings used in a pneumatic system and how proper selection of a fitting will provide optimal efficiency within a system.
Summary: "Preventive Maintenance for Fluid Systems" provides an overview of the benefits of a preventive maintenance program for fluid systems. Contamination in hydraulic or pneumatic fluid is the most common cause of malfunction for hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Preventive maintenance involves using filters or strainers to prevent contamination in the hydraulic fluid. A preventive maintenance program requires system operators to follow routine maintenance schedules regarding seals, conductors, and other system components.A successful preventive maintenance program can help a manufacturing facility reduce downtime, lessen the need for costly repairs, and increase productivity. After taking this class, users will understand the benefits of a preventive maintenance approach for fluid systems.
Summary: This course correlates fluid power principles with machine operation and daily maintenance duties. Procedures to ensure safety of maintenance personnel and prevent damage to machine will be covered. Fluid power symbols will be compared to the physical components. Location of components in a hydraulic system and proper adjustment procedures will be identified. Hands-on exercises will reinforce location, proper component connections, and effects of adjustments on system operation. Elimination of leaks by proper fitting selection and installation will be discussed. Significance of fluid cleanliness to system longevity and techniques to minimize ingression of contaminants will be presented. 50% is hands-on.
Summary: This course covers the types of connecting lines and fittings used to carry hydraulic fluid between the various components of a hydraulic system. Hands-on skills are acquired in tube bending and fittings installation. Students are also taught how to pick the correct conductor size and type for an application by calculating appropriate values, then reading industry standard charts. This is a good course to prepare the student for the International Fluid Power Society Conductor and Connector Certification.
Summary: This Course covers the fundamentals and principles of pneumatics with emphasis on hands-on exercises. Students will obtain a strong foundation in compressed air production and preparation in pneumatic systems as well as a thorough look at basic pneumatic components. The course begins with safety followed by basic fluid power principles. Air compression, preparation, and distribution are then covered. The construction, operation, and specific use of pneumatic components then become the focus of the class. Specific components covered in this course are compressors, air motors, flow controls, directional valves, actuators, aftercoolers, and driers. In addition, seals and gaskets, filtration, and circuit basics are discussed.
Summary: This class covers basic rigging equipment, calculating loads, inspecting equipment, and following safety precautions.
Summary: This class covers the different kinds of equipment used in rigging, the properties of rope and chains, basic knots, hitches, and sling configurations, and fittings and end attachments.
Summary: This class covers basic inspection and safety procedures for rigging equipment and lifting devices.
Summary: This class covers the mechanical laws involved in rigging, as well as essential practices for calculating the weight of a load and determining its center of gravity.
Summary: The class “Welding Safety Essentials” provides a broad overview of safety topics for various welding processes. The course describes general safety practices, such as electrical, fire, cylinder, and fume safety, that welders must follow. The class also provides an overview of guideline-setting organizations, such as OSHA and ANSI.Preventing accidents is crucial to any welder or welding organization. Safety issues endanger personnel, reduce quality and productivity, and harm the performance of any organization. After taking “Welding Safety Essentials,” welders will be prepared to follow welding safety guidelines and will be informed about safety standards important to the welding industry, allowing for a productive workplace.
Summary: “Introduction to Welding” provides the foundational understanding of welding and welding processes on top of which process-specific knowledge and a more comprehensive understanding of welding in general is built. The class introduces the different welding processes as well as their general attributes and applications. In addition, it reviews joint and weld types, covers measurements which pertain to welding, discusses welding procedure specifications, and, finally, gives the user information on emerging welding practices and their effect on the practice of welding and the economy.“Introduction to Welding” builds foundational knowledge necessary for the educational development of any welder. Moreover, it exposes the user to conceptual ideas of welding theory and less-common welding practices such as laser welding.
Summary: “Material Tests for Welding” introduces users to the types and purposes of welding material tests. Welding materials are tested to evaluate their properties, examine for discontinuities, and ensure the project meets welding code specifications. Testing can be destructive or non-destructive. Testing can also be used to classify metals according to their carbon content.This class includes lessons on non-destructive testing methods such as visual inspection, radiographic, ultrasonic, penetrant, and magnetic particle tests. Users will also become familiar with destructive testing methods such as the macro-etch test, fillet weld break test, guided bend test, and transverse tension test. After completing this course, users will be able to identify common material tests, the practical applications of destructive and non-destructive methods, and the advantages and disadvantages of each method.
Summary: “Welding Ferrous Metals” defines ferrous metals, describes the common forms of ferrous metal, and discusses best welding practices for each. Each type of ferrous metal has different mechanical, physical, and chemical properties. Though all ferrous metals contain iron, their varying compositions require a number of different welding approaches.Ferrous metals are the most common metals that welders will encounter. Knowledge of ferrous metal types, composition, and best welding practices is crucial. After taking this class, welders should be able to identify the various ferrous metals, their properties, and the best welding practices for each type.
Summary: “Welding Nonferrous Metals” defines nonferrous metals, describes a range of nonferrous metals and their properties, and discusses best welding practices for each type. The nonferrous metal label encompasses a wide range of metals with varying mechanical and physical properties, all of which require different approaches when welding.Though less common than ferrous metals, nonferrous metals are used in a wide range of applications that require welding. Understanding nonferrous metals and their welding processes is essential for any welder. After completing this class, a user will be able to identify the various nonferrous metals, explain their properties, and describe the best welding approach for each type of metal.
Summary: “Introduction to GMAW” provides a comprehensive overview of the gas metal arc welding process and its equipment. GMAW is a semi-automatic or automatic process that uses a consumable electrode and a shielding gas. GMAW equipment includes a power source, wire electrode, wire feeder, shielding gas, and welding gun. GMAW typically uses a constant voltage power source and direct current electrode positive polarity (DCEP). In GMAW, there are several modes of metal transfer: short circuit, globular, and axial spray.GMAW is one of the most popular arc welding processes. Because it is semi-automatic or automatic, it is also one of the easiest to learn. After taking this class, users will be familiar with GMAW equipment and the various modes of metal transfer. This information provides the foundation necessary to learn how to perform GMAW. A good understanding of GMAW is also helpful when learning about related types of welding such as gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW).
Summary: “Introduction to SMAW” covers the basic theories and practices of shielded metal arc welding (SMAW), as well as common operational procedures. SMAW is a welding process that uses shielding to protect the weld from contamination. SMAW is one of the most common arc welding processes in the world because of its simplicity, versatility, affordability, and suitability for most applications. SMAW requires a range of specialized equipment, specific electrodes, and knowledge of a number of safety precautions.After taking “Intro to SMAW,” welders will know how to safely handle, prepare, and operate SMAW equipment. They will know also have a basic understanding of how to perform an SMAW weld.
Summary: "Introduction to FCAW" provides a comprehensive overview of the flux-cored arc welding (FCAW) process and its equipment. FCAW is a semi-automatic or automatic process that is divided into self-shielded flux-cored arc welding (FCAW-S) and gas-shielded flux-cored arc welding (FCAW-G). Both FCAW-S and FCAW-G use a consumable, tubular electrode that is filled with flux-materials. FCAW equipment includes a constant voltage power source, wire electrode, wire feeder, welding gun, and, if appropriate, a shielding gas.Understanding the basic theory and process of FCAW is essential to using it successfully. After taking this class, users will be familiar with FCAW equipment and be able to distinguish between different methods and materials. Users will also be able to identify the performance characteristics, operating requirements, and finished weld properties of FCAW electrodes. This information provides the foundation necessary to perform FCAW successfully and safely.
Summary: "Introduction to GTAW” defines gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), describes the tools used in GTAW, and discusses the various factors that should be considered when using GTAW. GTAW, or TIG welding, is a precise welding process that uses a nonconsumable tungsten electrode and inert shielding gas. GTAW can be used on a wide variety of metals, and can be performed manually or with the use of semi-automated or totally automated systems.GTAW gives the welder increased control over the weld, which allows for the fabrication of stronger and higher quality welds. The process can be complex and requires practice to master, but the improved weld quality is vital to certain applications. By the end of this class, users will be able to define GTAW, identify the tools used in GTAW, and describe the various GTAW processes and applications.
Summary: "Thermal Cutting Overview" provides a comprehensive introduction to the four most common industrial thermal cutting processes. Oxyfuel cutting uses a fuel gas flame that is mixed with pure oxygen. Air-carbon arc cutting uses heat generated by an electrical arc. Plasma cutting ionizes a high-powered stream of gas to create a plasma arc. Laser cutting severs metal with a highly concentrated and focused laser beam.Understanding the basic theories behind the four widely used methods of thermal cutting is essential to using them successfully. After taking this class, users will be able to distinguish between different thermal cutting methods as well as identify the equipment used for each. Users will also be able to identify the performance characteristics and safety considerations for these thermal cutting processes. This information provides the necessary information to perform thermal cutting methods successfully and safely.
Summary: "Oxyfuel Cutting Applications" provides an overview of the oxyfuel cutting process and its safety requirements, equipment components, and operating procedures. Before performing oxyfuel cutting, it is important to correctly setup the oxyfuel outfit and perform essential safety inspections. After lighting an oxyfuel torch, an operator must control the ratio of gas to produce a neutral cutting flame. During the cutting process, an operator must control specific variables, including tip height, gas flow rate, travel speed, and torch angles. Understanding these variables along with the proper cutting procedures help produce a quality oxyfuel cut.The information in this class helps prepare users to perform oxyfuel cutting, a popular thermal cutting process with a variety of applications. After taking this class, users will be familiar with many of the considerations and variables that go into oxyfuel cutting, which is essential to safely and successfully producing quality cuts.
Summary: “Plasma Cutting” describes plasma cutting equipment and discusses the setup and operation steps for plasma cutting, gouging, and piercing. Plasma cutting is a precise and efficient cutting method that uses an ionized jet of gas to generate a high temperature cutting arc and can be done by hand or with the use of CNC machine.Plasma cutting is an increasingly affordable and popular method of metal cutting. Plasma cutting balances the lower cost of cutting methods such as oxyfuel with the higher quality of laser cutting methods. After this class, users will be able to define plasma cutting, identify the tools used in plasma cutting, and describe the various cutting applications and processes. Understanding the basic plasma cutting functions and processes is essential for users to make precise, accurate cuts safely and efficiently.
Summary: “GMAW Applications” provides a comprehensive overview of how to perform gas metal arc welding (GMAW), important variables to consider, and how to prevent common defects. Before beginning GMAW, it is important to prepare by cleaning base metals and selecting an appropriate electrode. During GMAW, the welder controls electrode orientation and travel speed. Welders must also be aware of many variables, such as amperage, voltage, and shielding gas, and their effects. Understanding these variables helps prevent weld discontinuities and defects, including porosity, undercut, incomplete penetration, and incomplete fusion.The information in this class prepares users to perform GMAW, an extremely common welding process. After taking this class, users will be familiar with many of the considerations and variables that go into GMAW. A good understanding of these concepts helps prevent welders from producing irregular or defective welds.
Summary: “Advanced GMAW Applications” provides an overview of various specialized GMAW processes. When performing GMAW on stainless steel or aluminum, welders must be aware of several factors. Many advanced processes use power sources that offer different types of control, such as waveform control, adaptive control, and synergic control. Advanced GMAW processes include pulse transfer, precision pulse, Surface Tension Transfer, and AC aluminum pulse. GMAW is also well-suited to automation. Robotic GMAW is one of the most popular forms of automated welding.After taking this class, users will be prepared to learn to perform more specialized and advanced GMAW processes. These processes are becoming increasingly popular because they consistently produce quality welds without the same drawbacks as conventional methods. Understanding advanced and specialized GMAW processes is important to remaining competitive in modern welding.
Summary: “SMAW Applications” details the process of preparing SMAW equipment for welding and the basic steps a welder should take to perform a successful SMAW weld. Welders must be able to identify the different types of electrodes that can be used for SMAW and select the appropriate electrode for an application. A welder must then choose a method to start the arc and run a bead, and must know how to effectively break and re-start the arc when necessary. SMAW is not a perfect process, and this class covers the different flaws that a weld may contain as a result of different operator errors or other sources.To be an experienced and skilled employee, a welder must know the basic foundational techniques of the welding process. “SMAW Applications” teaches welders the essential components of performing shielded metal arc welding processes, as well as how to identify and avoid common discontinuities.
Summary: This class describes the basic concepts of oxyfuel welding, including what equipment and gases are needed to weld. Also, it describes the various other processes that an oxyfuel torch may be used for.
Summary: This class covers the basic safety procedures for handling oxyfuel welding equipment, including personal protective equipment, ventilation, and fire safety.
Summary: This class describes fastener threads and their characteristics, as well as explains different thread standards and classifications. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class summarizes the various types of threaded fasteners used in assemblies and describes their common applications.
Summary: This class outlines the different types of tools for assembly commonly used with threaded fasteners.
Summary: This class summarizes the various types of non-threaded fasteners used in assemblies and describes their common applications.
Summary: This class explains the importance of torque as well as how torque is derived and applied to bolted joints. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class describes how to select a threaded fastener as well as how to install a bolt and nut combination into a joint.
Summary: The class "Math Fundamentals" covers basic arithmetic operations, including addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Additionally, it introduces the concept of negative numbers and integers. The class concludes with an overview of the order of operations and grouping symbols.Basic mathematical operations are the foundations upon which all math relies. Mastery of these foundational tasks will ease a student into more complicated mathematics, such as algebra and geometry, both of which are commonly used in a variety of manufacturing environments.
Summary: "Math: Fractions and Decimals" provides the methods used to perform basic mathematical operations using fractions, decimals, and percentages. The class covers addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division with fractions and decimals. It also discusses conversions between fractions, decimals, mixed numbers, and improper fractions.Almost any manufacturing print uses fractions and decimals in its measurements. Knowing how to handle these numbers and convert between them is an essential part of the basic skills needed to work in a manufacturing environment.
Summary: The class “Units of Measurement” provides a thorough explanation of the English and Metric systems and how conversion between them occurs. The common base units of measurement are length, area, volume, mass, and temperature. The English system uses inches, feet, yards, and miles to measure length, while the Metric system uses the meter, millimeter, centimeter, and kilometer. Metric conversion requires simply knowing the equivalent number of units and moving the decimal point accordingly. When converting between Metric and English units, use a reference chart, multiply, or divide, depending on the conversion.
Units of measurement are used every day in a production environment. Converting between units is often required, especially for businesses dealing internationally. After taking this class, users should be able to perform calculations involving common English units, metric units, and conversions between the two systems.
Summary: “Math: Algebra Fundamentals” provides a detailed overview of the basics of algebra, including the operations needed to solve a single variable equation. Basic algebra is used constantly in manufacturing, from the production floor to the accounting department.Any time a number is unknown, algebra can be used to determine that missing value. Although algebra uses the same basic operations as other mathematics, there are several new operations used to find missing variables in problems. After taking this class, users will be able to simplify, factor, and balance basic equations, as well as calculate for missing values in equations with only one variable. The user will also be able to use algebra to create an equation based on a simple story problem.
Summary: The class Geometry: Lines and Angles discusses the basic building blocks of all geometry: the line and the angle. Every print used in manufacturing is composed of lines and angles which must be interpreted to manufacture the depicted part. Though part geometry can be incredibly complex, all geometric prints can be broken down into simpler lines and angles. The relationships between the various angles formed when lines intersect can be used to solve geometry problems and interpret blueprints.
An understanding of lines and angles is fundamental to learning and applying geometry as well as trigonometry and calculus. After taking this class, users should have a grasp on the types of lines and angles used in geometry, the angles that are formed by intersecting lines, and tranversals. An understanding of the basics of geometry is necessary in various fields including inspection, part program applications, and other important areas of manufacturing.
Summary: The class "Geometry: Triangles" discusses triangles and the specific mathematical operations unique to them. While the triangle is a very basic shape, it can be found as a part of more complex shapes. Triangles are often used as the basic shapes that compose three-dimensional CAD designs. Right triangles also form the basis of trigonometry. Since triangles are so commonly used, an understanding of the types of triangles and the methods for calculating missing information from them is essential to users.After taking this class, users will be able to categorize triangles by their sides and angles, calculate missing angles based on the measurements of other angles, and determine the area of a triangle.
Summary: "Geometry: Circles and Polygons" covers the specifics of geometry involving circles and polygons with any number of sides. The class includes a discussion on the internal angles of a circle as well as the method to calculate the circumference and area of a circle. Additionally, this class covers the calculation of missing angles in any polygonCircles and polygons, along with triangles, are the basic building blocks of any geometric figure. Knowledge of the calculations and uses of circles and polygons can prove useful when working with prints in any number of manufacturing capacities.
Summary: “Trigonometry: The Pythagorean Theorem” provides an explanation of the Pythagorean theorem and how it is used to solve various math problems involving and using right triangles. The class covers the use of powers and roots and the process that is used to solve for unknown dimensions on blueprints.The Pythagorean theorem is used to solve for the lengths of sides of right triangles. To find missing measurements in a print with a right angle, manufacturers can find or create right triangles and use the Pythagorean theorem. After taking this class, users will be able to use the Pythagorean theorem to calculate missing lengths in right triangles and solve for missing dimensions on various types of blueprints by utilizing right triangles where appropriate.
Summary: The class "Trigonometry: Sine, Cosine, and Tangent" discusses the three basic ratios that are the basis for trigonometry. Trigonometry is based on the specific relationships between the sides and angles of right triangles. Using trigonometry, a person can determine the missing angle and side measurements of a right triangle based on the information present in a drawing.
Although solving trigonometric ratios often requires a calculator, users must know which ratios to apply to a particular problem and how to calculate them. In situations where parts are being manufactured, this knowledge is crucial to effective production of parts that require specific dimensions and angles.After taking this class, a user should be able to define the various trigonometric ratios, and use them to solve various problems, including calculating a taper angle on a print.
Summary: To better define a product, geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) is often used as a symbolic way of showing specific tolerances on drawings. GD&T is a valuable language that communicates the design intent to manufacturing and inspection. It is governed by the technical standard ASME Y14.5-2009. This course covers all aspects of GD&T. In addition to learning the theory, participants will see numerous examples that demonstrate specific applications. Participants are welcome to bring sample prints to the class for discussion or private consultation.
Summary: "Intro to OSHA" provides an introduction to the purpose of OSHA and how its standards and guidelines affect employers and employees. Most U.S. workplaces are covered by OSHA, and its existence has greatly improved workplace safety. Some industries are not covered by OSHA, however, and some states have safety programs that take the place of OSHA. OSHA standards are enforceable by law. Compliance with OSHA standards is enforced by inspections and record keeping, which have specific steps and requirements. Employers and employees have different rights and responsibilities regarding OSHA standards.
Both employers and employees benefit from basic knowledge about OSHA's purpose, standards, and practices. Violations of OSHA standards are punishable by law and render the workplace unsafe for all personnel. A basic awareness of the standards, rights, and responsibilities will help employees to bolster workplace safety as well as keep the workplace legally compliant.
Summary: The class “Personal Protective Equipment” introduces the purpose and uses of personal protective equipment (PPE). As defined by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), PPE minimizes exposure to hazards and helps prevent injury. In order to select appropriate PPE, employers must first evaluate the workplace with a hazard assessment. PPE may be categorized by the area of the body it protects. PPE is available in several types, designs, and materials. Every employer is responsible for providing the appropriate PPE for workers who require it, and it is every employee's responsibility to properly wear and use PPE.
OSHA does not often specify which types of PPE should be worn, but requires that employers train each employee in proper use and retrain when PPE changes or if PPE is used improperly. After taking this class, users should be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding personal protective equipment and how they impact day-to-day operations in the workplace.
Summary: In the class "Noise Reduction and Hearing Conservation," students will learn about the effects of sound and noise on the body and how to protect themselves from related injuries. Occupational hearing loss is preventable through hearing conservation.The two main types of hearing loss are conductive hearing loss and sensorineural hearing loss. Hearing loss may be caused by excess noise, hereditary factors, certain drugs, or illnesses. When excessive noise is present, employees must be provided with hearing protection. Using proper hearing protection will help ensure that ears remain capable of detecting important and subtle sound changes.Students enrolled in this course will learn various ways to protect their hearing and why preventative measures should be taken to avoid hearing damage. They will be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding noise levels and hearing conservation and the impact had on daily operations in the workplace.
Summary: “Respiratory Safety” details the appropriate types and use of breathing equipment for various airborne hazards. There are two common types of breathing equipment: air-purifying respirators and atmosphere-supplying respirators. Employees who require breathing equipment must undergo a medical evaluation and fit-testing. OSHA requires employers to provide employees who require breathing equipment with clean respirators in good condition, and comprehensive, understandable training. Employees must be able to demonstrate their knowledge of and ability to use respirators prior to ever wearing one.Training on the use and importance of respirators is crucial to doing safe and effective work and reduces accidents, injuries, and lost work hours. After taking this class, users will be able to describe OSHA regulations and best practices for using respiratory equipment, along with environments that require this equipment.
Summary: "Lockout/Tagout Procedures" details the OSHA requirements and best practices for preventing accidental startup during maintenance and repair. It addresses electrical power and the many other forms of energy that a machine or device may use. All forms of energy must be successfully restrained or dissipated in order for safe maintenance. "Lockout/Tagout Procedures" describes using a lockout device that prevents unauthorized access of the energy-isolating mechanism. OSHA has strict requirements for lockout and tagout devices, which must be standardized, easily recognized warning signs. Users will learn OSHA's specific steps for all parts of the control of hazardous energy, from shutdown to startup, including defining authorized vs. affected employees.Following proper lockout/tagout procedures is essential to preventing employee injuries and fatalities. All employees must be familiar with lockout/tagout in order to prevent the dangers of accidental machine startup.
Summary: "SDS and Hazard Communication" focuses on communication methods about hazardous workplace substances and how they increase employee awareness and safety. Education, labeling, data collection, testing, and other communication methods detail the dangers of specific chemicals and offer methods of protection from physical and health hazards. OSHA requires that employers establish a written hazard communication program to communicate employee responsibilities, standard implementation, chemical hazards, and safety measures. Hazard communication programs must include a chemical inventory, specific labeling, SDS for each individual chemical, and training.After taking this class, users will be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding hazardous materials and SDS and their impact on daily workplace operations. Understanding these regulations is critical in maintaining workplace safety and efficient operation.
Summary: The class “Bloodborne Pathogens” explains the nature of common bloodborne pathogens and how to handle exposure in the workplace. A bloodborne pathogen is a microorganism present in human blood that can cause disease. Common pathogens include HIV, which causes AIDS, HBV, which causes hepatitis B, and HCV, which causes hepatitis C. Exposure to blood can occur in the workplace through work-related tasks and procedures, through accidents, or by administering first aid. To avoid exposure, workers should observe the universal precautions recommended by the CDC. Employers are required by OSHA to implement controls to minimize exposures in the workplace.Employees who understand how to protect themselves from bloodborne pathogen exposure make the workplace safer for everyone and benefit their employer. After taking this class, users should be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding bloodborne pathogens and how they impact day-to-day operations in the workplace.
Summary: "Walking and Working Surfaces" will inform employees of the ways they can decrease the risks of injury and death regarding walking and working surfaces by following the guidelines as provided by OSHA. Hazards exist when people or objects may fall from one level to another through various openings such as floor and wall openings, floor and wall holes, platforms, or runways. All openings must be guarded by devices such as railings, covers, and toeboards. Standards regarding the construction, dimension, and usage of stairs, ladders, scaffolding, and manually propelled ladder stands are also set by OSHA. Failing to use and maintain walking and working surfaces correctly can result in serious injury. After taking this course, employees will be able to describe OSHA regulations covering safe practices with walking and working surfaces and how following those regulations will positively impact daily operations in the workplace.
Summary: The class “Fire Safety and Prevention” examines common workplace fire safety procedures. Fires, no matter how small, should be reported immediately. Buildings are equipped with extinguishing systems that actuate an alarm and discharge an extinguishing agent to control advanced stage fires. Portable fire extinguishers are available for extinguishing incipient stage fires using the P.A.S.S. technique. Employees not authorized to fight the fire should evacuate immediately.
Employers should create an emergency action plan that dictates the procedures to be carried out in the event of an emergency. In the event of a fire, employees should stay calm, follow procedures, and go directly to assembly areas. Employers must account for all employees and provide first aid until medical services arrive. After taking this class, users will be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding fire safety and how they impact day-to-day operations in the workplace.
Summary: “Flammable and Combustible Liquids” describes procedures required to safely handle, store, and dispose of dangerous liquids. Flammable and combustible liquids are divided into different categories or classifications based on properties such as flash and boiling points. Anyone who must handle or transfer these liquids must take precautions such as bonding and grounding to prevent accidental ignition. OSHA requires proper hazard communication and written procedures for any process involving flammable and combustible liquids, and details various standards for methods of storage, transfer, and safe disposal.Proper handling, storing, and disposing of flammable and combustible liquids prevents costly and potentially deadly fires in the workplace. "Flammable and Combustible Liquids" provides users with information on liquid hazards as well as safe methods of storage, handling, transfer, use, and disposal.
Summary: The class “Hand and Power Tool Safety” provides guidelines for the safe use of common hand and power tools. Employees should never remove any safety guards from a tool’s point of operation unless authorized. Tools must be regularly cleaned and maintained, and all blades must be kept sharp. The worksite must be kept organized, clean, and dry. All tool applications require PPE, including eye and other protection. Before working, employees must consult the owner's manual and be familiar with how the tool functions. Employees must also use the right tool for the job and follow the work practices that are specific to each type of tool.When employees use proper safety guidelines when handling hand and power tools, their employers benefit from reduced accidents on the job and lowered costs caused by work-related injuries. Safe handling of tools also increases work quality. After taking this class, users should be able to describe the safe use and care of hand and power tools.
Summary: "Safety for Lifting Devices" covers the different pieces of lifting equipment that may be used in the workplace and the safest ways to work with those pieces of equipment. Overhead cranes and hoists are used for lifting heavy loads. Other lifting devices include slings, portable lifting stands, gantry cranes, and derricks. Extra equipment is necessary to secure loads to lifting devices. This equipment must be inspected daily for excessive wear and damage.
Understanding how to maintain and operate lifting devices will allow future operators and employers to work with lifting devices safely and effectively. After taking this class, students will be able to describe the proper steps necessary to safely lift and transport materials within the work environment.
Summary: "Powered Industrial Truck Safety" provides an overview of safety topics related to forklifts and other PITs. OSHA has many standards surrounding the use of PITs in the workplace for operators, non-operators, attended vehicles, and unattended vehicles. OSHA also has detailed training requirements for PIT operators. To safely operate a PIT, operators must understand basic principles of stability, including the concepts of a fulcrum and centers of gravity. Operators must also be aware of the weight and shape of loads and what individual vehicles are capable of handling.Powered industrial trucks are a common source of workplace accidents, so a strong knowledge of how to safely operate and work with PITs is crucial for any environment where they are used. PIT accidents can lead to property and inventory damage as well as employee injury. Operators should know how to avoid OSHA violations and how to handle a load without tipping the vehicle.
Summary: The class “Confined Spaces” explains the OSHA requirements pertaining to confined spaces. A confined space has limited means of entry or exit and is not designed for continuous occupancy. Confined space hazards are caused by the material in the confined space, the activity carried out in the space, and the external environment. OSHA requires a permit for entering any confined space with an additional hazard.Confined spaces pose a safety hazard for employees. Employers must develop a written permit-required confined space program and train and certify all permit space entrants. Training should discuss the specific types of confined spaces and hazards employees will encounter at their worksite. Entrants must wear proper PPE and use specialized equipment that does not cause additional hazards.After taking this class, the user should be able to describe OSHA regulations and best practices for performing work safely in a confined space.
Summary: "Lean Manufacturing Overview" provides an introduction to the principles and terminology of lean strategies, including a discussion of the seven forms of waste, the definition of value-added, the difference between push and pull systems, and the importance of continuous improvement. This class also highlights other quality concepts, such as single minute exchange of dies (SMED), inventory reduction, and Five S.Lean manufacturing approaches help companies optimize their processes through organization and waste reduction. Although change can be a challenge, more efficient, streamlined processes will ultimately lead to improved customer satisfaction. This class outlines the foundational concepts and vocabulary that every practitioner needs when beginning, or continuing, a lean initiative.
Summary: "ISO 9000 Overview" provides an introduction to the key components and requirements of ISO 9001:2008. This class discusses the standard's eight sections, along with describing the role of a Quality Management System (QMS) and ISO 9001:2008's connection to other standards in the ISO 9000 series. "ISO 9000 Overview" also outlines the steps to registration, the auditing process, and the importance of continuous improvement.
ISO 9001:2008 is an internationally recognized standard that outlines the requirements of an effective, organized quality system. Many organizations are becoming ISO 9001:2008 certified to prove their commitment to product quality and customer service. Although streamlining documentation and implementing change can be a challenge, ISO 9001:2008 can create a more goal-oriented, connected, and efficient organization. This class helps new practitioners familiarize themselves with ISO 9001:2008's structure, content, and purpose in quality management.
Summary: "Approaches to Maintenance" provides an introduction to common manufacturing maintenance strategies, including reactive, corrective, predictive, preventive, reliability-centered, and total productive maintenance. This class describes the advantages and disadvantages of each method, the benefits of planned downtime, and the importance of a customized maintenance approach.
Having a targeted, well-designed maintenance plan reduces costly machine breakdowns and production downtime. With this class, manufacturers will learn about the benefits, limitations, and goals of popular maintenance approaches, making them better equipped to support and improve their facility's method.
Summary: "Five S Overview" provides a thorough introduction to the purpose and process of 5S quality initiatives. This class includes separate discussions on each of the five steps, along with information on challenges, advantages, and possible assessment tools.Many companies implement quality initiatives to improve operations and eliminate waste. 5S is a quality method that promotes organization, efficiency, and team work through several sequential steps. After completing this class, users will understand the value of each 5S step and be better equipped to execute and evaluate 5S.
Summary: “Troubleshooting” provides a comprehensive overview of various methods and tools used to troubleshoot problems. Troubleshooting often involves finding the root cause of a problem and being able to distinguish deviations from problems and early warning signs from warning signs. Many tools are used to collect and interpret troubleshooting data, including check sheets, fishbone diagrams, and Pareto charts. The 5 Why technique, brainstorming, documentation, and troubleshooting teams are common methods of gathering troubleshooting data. Troubleshooting teams gather data in order to find possible solutions. Teams must test solutions to make sure they offer long-term results.Troubleshooting is an extremely important skill for all areas of industry. The information provided in this class prepares students to solve problems and understand how to work to prevent them in many different settings. Without this knowledge, students would not be able to solve problems effectively.
Summary: This course is designed to teach the basic tools used in a lean culture when problem solving. The course is designed around a factory simulation where the participants will learn how to apply lean tools in a hands-on manner. Each participant will be responsible for tracking performance through visual factory methods. As the day progresses, lean tools are taught and applied to the process. This class is the first stage in an organization’s lean transformation. It is designed to bring all levels of the organization together in a fun and fast-pace exercise, where rank and file is left outside the room. This class should be used to help create a hunger and a passion for continuous improvement. Participants will leave excited to go to the next stage of the transformation.
Summary: Lean concepts have been adopted by many successful manufacturing companies as a way to reduce costs, satisfy customers, and increase profitability. The process of "becoming lean" may mean a company-wide transformation from current operating style. This course offers a methodology for linking the goals and metrics of a project or initiative to a company's strategic goals and metrics and provides the basis for tracking the effectiveness of lean initiatives.
Summary: Measurement, Inspection, and Gaging Level 1 provides fundamental lessons in proper interpretation of engineering drawings used in inspection of parts which have geometric controls applied per ANSI Y14.5. This course presents methods for developing and improving inspection skills. Through review of technical reports, examination of standards and evaluation, recommendation and incorporation of measurement equipment manufacturers practices, participants will learn how to optimize inspection equipment and reduce inappropriate measurement procedures.
Summary: This class describes the basic responsibilities of a leader and gives helpful ideas about how to gain the respect and trust of others. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class describes key types of communication and common roadblocks to communication, as well as how to use effective communication as a tool to help build teamwork and manage conflict. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: Participants will learn the alternative and highly effective new way to implement teams in their organization. Participants will learn surprising facts about why teams fail and how to jump-start a team. The instructor will discuss personal experiences in establishing teams and eventual results including cutting lead time from three days to ten hours, reducing defects by 78%, and improving productivity by 31%. Most strikingly, morale (measured by corporate surveys) improved by 210%!
Summary: The purpose of this course is to provide an overall introduction and review of manufacturing processes, equipment, and process capabilities, with a strong emphasis on product design, material, process, and equipment selection. Major issues in modern manufacturing and global competition will also be discussed. Non-engineers who work in a manufacturing environment will benefit from understanding how a product is manufactured.
Summary: There is a significant difference between being an excellent individual contributor and in being an excellent leader. Leadership and management skills do not come naturally in all but a few cases, but rather must be learned—ideally before a new assignment or promotion is awarded. Certainly, an individual may have some of the basic natural talents to be a good leader, but many of the nuances of effective leadership must be learned either through experience or mentoring from someone who has made the transition successfully.This dynamic course examines practical, yet highly effective closed-loop management techniques to develop a successful leadership and management style that will guide a transition into the senior management ranks. The emphasis is on real-world, practical techniques developed by business leaders from a wide array of industries.
All classes available in Spanish except CLASS 2.0 coursesAll classes ONLINE except where noted