What is the definition of "sequential"?
Doing one and only one step at a time, followed by the next step in a logical order.

## PLCs Training

Class Information
 Tooling U classes are offered at the beginner, intermediate, and advanced levels. The typical class consists of 12 to 25 lessons and will take approximately one hour to complete.
 Class Name: Basic Programming 250 Description: This class will teach you the basics of PLC programming using ladder logic. The class will identify common PLC commands and describe how those commands can be used to program a controller. Prerequisites: 450200 Difficulty: Intermediate Number of Lessons: 15 Language: English, Spanish

Below are all the competencies and job programs that contain the class Basic Programming 250. Job programs are our traditional class lists organized according to common job functions. Competencies are our latest job-specific curricula that help tie online learning to practical, hands-on tasks.

Click on any title to view its details.

Competencies

Class Outline
• Objectives
• Using PLCs
• Line Diagrams
• Proprietary Programming
• Programming Components
• Internal Relays
• Programming Devices
• Input Instructions
• Other Common Instructions
• Shorthand Programming
• Programming Limitations
• Power Flow
• Latching Contacts
• One Shots
• Summary

Class Objectives
• Describe the use of PLCs.
• Define line diagrams.
• Explain proprietary programming.
• Distinguish between programming components and physical devices.
• Describe internal relays.
• Describe programming devices.
• Identify common PLC input instructions.
• Describe other common PLC instructions.
• Describe shorthand programming methods.
• Describe some limitations in PLC programming.
• Describe logical continuity in PLC systems.
• Describe latching contacts.
• Describe one shots.

Class Vocabulary

Vocabulary TermDefinition
The conceptually simultaneous execution of more than one sequential program on a computer or network of computers.
Conductive metal parts in an electrical circuit that open or close the circuit by coming in contact with or separating from each other.
Decreases the current value by an increment of 1 every time an input transitions from FALSE to TRUE. Count down counters should always start counting at the preset value.
Increases the current value by an increment of 1 every time an input transitions from FALSE to TRUE. Count up counters are started from zero and continue counting until the accumulated value matches the preset value.
The label given to each element in ladder diagrams, used to reference that element throughout the program.
A PLC input instruction that is true if its addressed bit is ON and false if it is OFF. The same instruction as examine on.
A PLC input instruction that is true if its addressed bit is OFF and false if it is ON. The same instruction as examine off.
A PLC input instruction that is true if its addressed bit is OFF and false if it is ON. The same instruction as examine if open.
A PLC input instruction that is true if its addressed bit is ON and false if it is OFF. The same instruction as examine if closed.
A graphical PLC programming language that allows for both sequential and parallel processing. Function block diagrams are starting to replace ladder logic in higher level PLCs.
A PLC programming device that combines a display screen and keypad all in one unit. Specially assigned keys allow you to enter program instructions and changes, and navigate and troubleshoot the PLC system.
Software relays that can be used with ladder logic programs to perform logical operations. Internal relays are represented digitally within a PLC's memory.
A method for drawing electrical logic schematics. Ladder logic is now most often used to program PLCs.
A contact that keeps the output energized even once the input signal is removed.
A diagram that shows the logic of an electrical circuit or system using standard symbols. Also known as a ladder diagram because the diagram appears as individual lines or "rungs" connected between two vertical lines.
The way that PLC programming logic allows power to flow. PLC logical continuity always reads a program from left to right.
The ability of a circuit to store a charge and keep the load energized even after the signal is removed.
An instruction that is presented in a short, easy-to-remember form.
A contact that returns to its original position immediately after sending a signal.
A group of connected logic elements used to perform a specific function.
A series of ladder instructions that energizes an output for one scan only.
A one shot instruction that is triggered when the programmed input transitions from OFF to ON.
The most common PLC output symbol. Using this symbol signals the PLC to energize, or turn on, the output.
A small, single-user computer. Also known as a PC.
A processor driven device that uses logic-based software to provide electrical control to machines and devices.
Any component of a PLC software ladder program. Programming components do not physically exist but are representations used by the PLC software.
A device, usually a personal computer, used to enter instructions into the PLC. Some programming devices are small enough to fit in your hand.
A set of symbols and rules used to represent information to a processor so that it can understand and apply instructions.
Designed by a specific company for use only with its own systems.
A group of bit data used to store information in a PLC's memory.
The point at which an AC signal wave transitions from low to high.
The horizontal programming lines in ladder logic. Each rung controls one output.
Doing one and only one step at a time, followed by the next step in a logical order.
A programming method that saves time by using mnemonic names for instructions rather than having to search for the graphic symbols.
A delay timer that immediately closes contacts when the control coil is energized, then waits for a predetermined amount of time to open them after power is removed from the coil.
A timer that waits to turn on the output after receiving an ON signal from the input.
The systematic elimination of the various parts of a system, circuit, or process to locate a malfunctioning part.
A contact that bridges a parallel path, shown up and down instead of left and right, on a line diagram. PLC programs cannot use vertical contacts.