What is the definition of "pathogenic microorganism"?
An organism of microscopic size, usually a bacteria or virus, that causes disease.

Learn more about pathogenic microorganism in the class Bloodborne Pathogens 115 below.


Safety Training


Class Information
Safety Training Tooling U-SME classes are offered at the beginner, intermediate, and advanced levels. The typical class consists of 12 to 25 lessons and will take approximately one hour to complete.
Class Name:Bloodborne Pathogens 115
Description:This class addresses how bloodborne pathogens are transmitted and includes information on preventive measures and procedures for exposure in the manufacturing workplace.
Prerequisites: none
Difficulty:Beginner
Number of Lessons:14
Language:English, Spanish
 
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Class Outline
  • Objectives
  • Bloodborne Pathogens: Who Is at Risk?
  • What Are Bloodborne Pathogens?
  • How Does Exposure Occur?
  • Universal Precautions
  • Workplace Exposure Control Measures
  • Engineering and Work Practice Controls
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Handling Contaminated Laundry
  • Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure: Proper Actions
  • Treatment for Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Post-Exposure Follow-Up
  • Medical Recordkeeping and Sharps Injury Log
  • Summary
  
Class Objectives
  • Identify workers who are at risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
  • Describe bloodborne pathogens.
  • Describe how exposures to bloodborne pathogens occur.
  • Describe the universal precautions to protect against bloodborne pathogens.
  • Identify the purpose of an exposure control plan.
  • Identify engineering controls for bloodborne pathogens.
  • Identify work practice controls for bloodborne pathogens.
  • Describe personal protective equipment used for reducing exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
  • Describe the safe handling of contaminated laundry.
  • Describe the actions to take if you are exposed to bloodborne pathogens.
  • Describe treatment for exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
  • Describe what actions you should take after treatment for exposure.
  • Describe the employer's responsibility for maintaining medical and sharps injury information.

Class Vocabulary

Vocabulary TermDefinition
affected individual Any individual who is exposed to blood or other potentially infectious materials.
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS destroys the human immune system and is the final and most severe stage of the HIV virus.
antiretroviral drugs A treatment for the HIV infection. Antiretroviral drugs inhibit the replication of retroviruses associated with HIV.
antiviral therapy A treatment commonly used to combat the HIV infection.
bloodborne pathogen A microorganism present in human blood and other bodily fluids that can cause disease. Bloodborne pathogens include the hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency syndrome.
bodily fluid Liquid parts of the body. Bodily fluids include fluids such as blood and mucous.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention An agency of the Department of Health and Human Services that develops and applies disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and education.
cirrhosis Chronic liver damage in which the liver becomes scarred, fibrous, and filled with fat, which hinders normal liver function.
engineering control Precautionary measures that isolate or remove the bloodborne pathogens hazard from the workplace. Engineering controls include safer medical devices, such as needleless systems.
exposure control plan A written action plan that specifies precautionary measures taken to manage and minimize potential exposure to bloodborne pathogens in the workplace.
gloves Protective hand covers that reduce the risk of injury and exposure to bloodborne pathogens. Latex gloves protect broken, burned, and abraded skin from bacteria.
good samaritan A person, such as an off-duty physician or a non-medical person, who administers first aid to an injured person.
gown Protective body cover that reduces the risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
HBV Hepatitis B Virus. An acute or chronic, viral liver disease. Hepatitis B is the most contagious form of viral hepatitis.
HCV Hepatitis C Virus. A contagious viral liver disease. Hepatitis C can cause severe liver damage.
HCV antibody Proteins produced by the immune system to fight specific bacteria. HCV antibodies fight the hepatitis C virus.
hepatitis B An acute or chronic, viral liver disease. Hepatitis B is the most contagious form of viral hepatitis.
hepatitis B immune globulin A protein found in human blood that fights the hepatitis B infection.
hepatitis B vaccine The vaccine against hepatitis B. The hepatitis B vaccine is usually a series of three shots that help an infected person build antibodies against the disease.
hepatitis C A contagious viral liver disease. Hepatitis C can cause severe liver damage.
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS.
immune globulin A protein found in human blood that fights infection.
irrigate To flush the eyes with water or saline.
liver cells The cells of the liver that secrete bile. Viral hepatitis can damage liver cells, causing severe and life-threatening dysfunction.
liver enzyme A protein produced by the liver that helps speed up chemical reactions such as metabolism, filtration, storage, and excretion.
mask Protective covers that protect mucous membranes such as the nose and mouth from exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
needlestick injury A wound caused by accidental penetration of the skin by a needle. Needlestick injuries can cause transmission of bloodborne pathogens.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration The United States government agency that regulates the conditions in working environments to ensure the health and safety of employees. The Occupational Safety & Health Administration is abbreviated as OSHA.
pathogenic microorganism An organism of microscopic size, usually a bacteria or virus, that causes disease.
personal protective equipment Safety equipment that a person wears or uses to prevent injury in the workplace. Personal protective equipment is abbreviated as PPE.
postexposure prophylaxis A treatment given immediately following exposure to bloodborne pathogens to prevent infection. Postexposure prophylaxis is abbreviated as PEP.
protective eyewear Protective covers that protect the eyes from exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
self re-sheathing needle A needle with a cover that the user can slide back over the needle after use. The cover, or sheath, locks into place.
sharp A non-needle device used for cutting or puncturing.
sharps injury log A record maintained by employers to document injuries caused by sharps in the workplace. A sharps injury log is kept to evaluate devices and identify problem areas in the workplace.
source individual Any individual, living or dead, whose blood or other potentially infectious materials may be a source of occupational exposure to the employee.
universal precaution Recommendations developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to control the spread of infectious diseases. Universal precautions treat all human blood and bodily fluids as infectious.
viral hepatitis A virus that causes inflammation of the liver or severe liver damage. Viral hepatitis has several forms, including hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, F, and G.
work practice control Precautionary measures that reduce the likelihood of exposure to bloodborne pathogens by altering the way a task or procedure is performed.