Safety Training

Class Information
Safety Training Tooling U-SME classes are offered at the beginner, intermediate, and advanced levels. The typical class consists of 12 to 25 lessons and will take approximately one hour to complete.
Class Name:SDS and Hazard Communication 160
Description:This class covers different types of chemical hazards, standards for hazardous chemicals, and how information about chemical hazards reaches the employee, including through SDS. This class reflects the latest Hazard Communication Standards aligned with the Globally Harmonized System (GHS).
Number of Lessons:22
Language:English, Spanish
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Class Outline
  • Objectives
  • Hazard Communication
  • What Is a Chemical?
  • Classification of Chemical Hazards
  • Physical Hazards
  • Health Hazards
  • Target Organ Hazards
  • Hazard Determination
  • Labeling Requirements
  • Labeling Requirements
  • Labeling Exceptions
  • Basic SDS Requirements
  • Safety Data Sheets, Part I
  • Safety Data Sheets, Part II
  • Safety Data Sheet Distribution Requirements
  • Training Requirements
  • Hazard Communication Program
  • Hazard Communication Requirements: Inventory
  • Hazard Communication Requirements: Labeling
  • Hazard Communication Requirements: SDS
  • Hazard Communication Requirements: Training
  • Summary
Class Objectives
  • Describe the purpose of hazard communication.
  • Define chemical.
  • Identify types of physical hazards.
  • Identify types of systemic health hazards.
  • Identify types of target organ hazards.
  • Identify the steps chemical manufacturers and importers use to make hazard determinations.
  • Describe OSHA’s labeling requirements for hazardous chemicals.
  • Describe instances in which chemicals do not require labeling.
  • Identify requirements for SDS.
  • Describe OSHA’s requirements for SDS content.
  • Describe MSDS distribution requirements.
  • Describe the hazardous chemical information and training requirements.
  • Describe the hazard communication program.
  • Describe the hazardous chemical inventory.
  • Describe the labeling requirements necessary for a hazardous communication program.
  • Describe the SDS requirements necessary for a hazardous communication program.
  • Describe the training requirements necessary for a hazardous communication program.

Class Vocabulary

Vocabulary TermDefinition
acute reaction A response to chemical exposure that occurs suddenly or over a short period of time.
airborne A substance that is moved through or by the air. Dust and mist are examples of airborne substances.
batch ticket The documentation that accompanies a group or quantity of a product. Batch tickets are often used for inventory control.
blood toxin A chemical that causes damage to or disease in the blood or harms blood production. Blood toxins, known as hematopoietics, can prevent the blood from carrying oxygen to cells.
carcinogen A chemical that causes cancer.
chemical Any substance, or mixture of substances. Chemicals may be in the form of solids, liquids, or gases, and may consist of an element such as hydrogen, or a combination of elements, such as water, or saltwater.
chronic effect A response to a chemical that occurs after a long period of exposure.
compliance officer An OSHA representative who enforces OSHA standards through inspection and investigation.
compressed gas Any gas held under pressure in a gas cylinder. Gas under pressure may pose a physical hazard from explosion.
cornea The clear, outer portion of the eye. The cornea is the covering over the iris.
corrosive A chemical that causes visible destruction to or permanent alteration of human tissue. Corrosives will "eat away" skin.
cutaneous hazard A chemical that causes damage to or disease in the skin or dermal layer, which is the body's largest organ.
distributors A company or other entity that sells and ships chemicals produced by others to employers and worksites.
dosage A measurable amount of exposure to a substance or a hazard.
explosion hazards A chemical that is likely to blow up.
eye hazard A chemical that causes damage to or disease in the eyes.
fire hazard A chemical that is likely to burn or support fire.
Globally Harmonized System An international standard for communicating chemical hazards through signs, labeling, and safety data sheets. The GHS is intended to provide employees with similar hazard communication information worldwide.
hazard communication The means through which employers inform their employees about hazards in the workplace, including training and SDS.
Hazard Communication Standard An established OSHA policy that sets guidelines for hazard communication. The HCS emphasizes labeling, SDS, and training, and is aligned with the Globally Harmonized System (GHS).
hazard statement A statement that describes the hazard and its degree. It also describes the hazard’s class and category.
hazardous waste Waste that poses a risk to human health or the environment. Hazardous waste requires special types of storage and disposal to make it harmless or less dangerous.
health hazard A chemical that is capable of causing an acute reaction, a chronic effect, or both. Health hazards can affect the whole body or a particular organ.
hematopoietic toxin A chemical that damages the blood or blood production. Blood toxins can prevent the blood from carrying oxygen to cells.
hepatotoxin A chemical that causes damage to or disease in the liver.
highly toxic agent A chemical that has been shown to cause death in lab rats that receive relatively low dosages.
industrial hygienist A person trained to anticipate, recognize, evaluate, and develop controls for occupational health and environmental hazards.
irritant A chemical that causes inflammation and swelling in human tissue. Irritation is generally a short-term effect.
labels A printed form of identification that is attached to a container. OSHA requires chemical labels to have specific content.
mixture A substance consisting of two or more separate substances that are mixed. Saltwater is a mixture of salt and water.
nephrotoxin A chemical that causes damage to or disease in the kidneys.
nervous system The system that includes the nerves, spinal cord, and brain. The nervous system controls all the body's functions.
neurotoxin A chemical that causes damage to or disease in the nervous system, which includes the brain and spinal cord.
organic peroxide A type of reactive hazard that can catch fire on its own. Organic peroxides are both oxidizers and fuels in one.
oxidizer Any substance that may trigger or promote flammability in another substance.
personal protective equipment Any example of various safety equipment that workers wear or use to prevent injury in the workplace. Safety glasses are common personal protective equipment (PPE).
physical hazard A chemical hazard that can cause bodily harm or injuries such as burns. These injuries may occur when chemicals ignite or explode.
pictogram An illustration of a hazard, intended to be understood even if the viewer cannot read. There are eight pictograms required for use on labels by the GHS.
precautionary statement A statement that offers ways to minimize the effects of exposure. This may be as simple as suggesting particular pieces of PPE for the person exposed.
product identification Product identification is required by the HCS 2012 standard. It includes the name or number of a hazardous chemical, information that can be cross-referenced with the written hazard communication program, SDS, and labels.
pyrophoric A chemical that will ignite or explode spontaneously. Pyrophorics will ignite and support a fire when exposed to air at temperatures at or below 130 degrees F (54.4 deg C), and many react with water.
reactive hazards A chemical that is likely to catch fire or explode on its own or when exposed to water.
reproductive toxin A chemical that causes damage to or disease in male or female reproductive systems or organs, such as the ovaries, or harms unborn fetuses.
respiratory toxin A chemical that causes damage to or disease in the lungs or another part of the breathing system.
responsible party contact information This information offers ways to connect with the person in charge. This information should include a name, address, and phone number.
safety data sheet SDS. Mandatory information that must accompany almost every chemical in the workplace except for items like cleaning supplies. An SDS includes details such as the hazards, precautions, and first-aid procedures associated with the chemical.
self-heating Any non-pyrophoric substance that will heat up when in contact with air. Self-heating substances will usually ignite only when in large quantities or only after a long period of exposure to air.
sensitizer A chemical that causes an allergic reaction, such as hives or breathing problems.
signal word A word that indicates the level of severity of a hazard. “Warning” indicates a less severe hazard, while “danger” indicates a more severe hazard.
substance Any chemical element, or combination of elements.
systemic effect A response to chemical exposure that affects the whole body. Systemic illnesses may cause symptoms in one or two areas, but the whole body is affected.
target organ hazard A response to chemical exposure that affects a particular organ or system, such as the lungs or liver.
toxic agent A chemical that has been shown to cause death in lab rats that receive relatively high dosages.
toxicologist A scientist trained to study the nature and effects of chemicals on living organisms.
trade associations A professional group that promotes a particular industry. Trade associations often offer assistance and training to members and develop industry standards.
water reactive A chemical that will explode or catch fire when exposed to water.