What is the definition of "side-rolling ladder"?
A type of ladder that has wheels and a base on the bottom for easy movement. Side-rolling ladders are often used to access shelving.

Learn more about side-rolling ladder in the class Walking and Working Surfaces 180 below.


Safety Training


Class Information
Tooling U-SME classes are offered at the beginner, intermediate, and advanced levels. The typical class consists of 12 to 25 lessons and will take approximately one hour to complete.
Class Name:Walking and Working Surfaces 180
Description:This class covers the requirements necessary to ensure the safety of typical walking and working surfaces such as platforms, stairs, ladders, and scaffolds.
Prerequisites: none
Difficulty:Beginner
Number of Lessons:19
Language:English, Spanish
 
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Class Outline
  • Objectives
  • Recognizing Walking and Working Surfaces
  • Employee Responsibilities
  • Housekeeping Requirements
  • Floor Loading Requirements
  • Types of Floor Openings, Wall Openings, and Holes
  • Protecting Floor Openings and Holes
  • Protecting Wall Openings and Holes
  • Protecting Platform and Runway Openings and Holes
  • Fixed Industrial Stair Requirements
  • Portable Wood Ladder Requirements: Construction and Dimension
  • Portable Wood Ladder Requirements: Care and Usage
  • Portable Metal Ladder Requirements: Construction and Dimension
  • Portable Metal Ladder Requirements: Care and Usage
  • Fixed Ladder Requirements
  • Scaffolding Safety Requirements
  • Manually Propelled Mobile Ladder Stand and Scaffold Requirements
  • Dockboard Safety Requirements
  • Summary
  
Class Objectives
  • Describe the purpose of safeguarding walking and working surfaces.
  • Describe employee responsibilities regarding walking and working surfaces.
  • Identify proper housekeeping methods for walking and working surfaces.
  • Describe floor loading requirements.
  • Identify types of floor openings, wall openings, and holes.
  • Describe requirements for protecting floor openings and holes.
  • Describe requirements for protecting wall openings and holes.
  • Describe requirements for protecting platform and runway openings and holes.
  • Identify requirements for fixed industrial stairs.
  • Identify construction and dimension requirements for portable wood ladders.
  • Identify care and usage requirements for portable wood ladders.
  • Identify construction and dimension requirements for portable metal ladders.
  • Identify care and usage requirements for portable metal ladders.
  • Identify requirements for fixed ladders.
  • Identify requirements for scaffolding.
  • Identify requirements for manually propelled mobile ladder stands and scaffolds.
  • Identify requirements for dockboards.

Class Vocabulary

Vocabulary TermDefinition
brace A type of support. Using a ladder as a brace would put undue stress on the rungs and rails and might make it unsafe.
bridge plate A device used to span the space between a loading dock and the bed of a truck or rail car. Bridge plates are also known as dockboards.
cage A metal guard or enclosure surrounding a fixed ladder that is used to protect the climber.
caster A type of wheel that can pivot and change direction when pushed.
chute An inclined passageway, also known as a hatchway, connecting one level to the next. A chute is generally used for transporting objects and materials.
concentrated load The amount of weight that is applied to a specific point, such as a stair tread.
dimpling A raised circular pattern that is cut or pressed into metal to make it slip resistant.
dockboard A device used to span the space between a loading dock and the bed of a truck or rail car. Dockboards are also known as bridge plates.
extension ladder A type of portable rung ladder that has two or more collapsible sections that allow it to be shortened or lengthened.
extension platform An elevated, open-sided floor that protrudes over the surrounding floor or ground.
fixed industrial stairs Stairs that are permanently attached to a building. Fixed industrial stairs are required whenever employees must regularly travel between levels.
fixed ladder A ladder that is permanently attached to a structure. Fixed ladders may have rails or individual rungs.
floor and wall opening A general category used to describe gaps or holes in floors and walls.
floor hole An opening in any floor, platform, pavement or yard that measures less than 12 inches but more than one inch through which objects, but not persons, may fall. A gap between utility pipes and the floor is an example of a floor hole.
floor loading The careful placement of weight on a given building level or platform.
floor opening An opening, such as for a stairway, that measures more than 12 inches in any floor, platform, pavement, or yard, through which persons may fall.
frame scaffold A type of scaffold that consists of large, prefabricated metal pieces that fit together to form a frame. Other types of scaffolds may have individual poles or pieces that must be attached one by one.
grillwork A screen-like barrier with openings no wider than eight inches apart.
guardrail A rail secured to posts and erected along the exposed sides and ends of platforms. Guardrails provide a handhold and a barrier to prevent falls.
guy A type of brace or support. Using a ladder as a brace would put undue stress on the rungs and rails and might make it unsafe to use it again as a ladder.
half door A standard entry door that is divided in two horizontally with each portion having the ability to open or close independently of the other. Half doors are also known as Dutch doors.
hatch cover A type of protection for a floor hole.
hatchway An inclined passageway, also known as a chute, connecting one level to the next. A hatchway is generally used for transporting goods and materials.
hinged cover A cover for a floor hole that is the same size as the hole and is attached with fasteners that allow it to swing open.
hinged floor opening A cover for a floor opening that is the same size as the opening and is attached with fasteners that allow it to swing open.
housekeeping The practice of regular cleaning, straightening, organizing, and maintaining the workspace.
individual-rung ladder A type of fixed ladder that does not have side rails. Each rung is permanently attached to the surface of a wall, machine, or piece of equipment.
knurling A criss-cross pattern that is cut or pressed into metal to make it slip resistant.
ladderway A floor opening that is similar to a stairway opening except that it surrounds a ladder.
lifebelt A safety restraint that wraps around the climber's waist and attaches to the ladder to prevent falls.
load The total amount of weight, including people, materials, products, and tools, that is placed on a surface.
load capacity A specified amount of weight per square foot that is allowed to be placed on a given building level or platform.
loading dock A platform where trucks or trains can be loaded or unloaded.
manhole A hole, usually round, that is the entrance to a drain for storm water or other liquids.
manually propelled mobile ladder stand A unit that consists of a ladder on a rigid base that is set on wheels or casters. When it is not occupied, the unit may be pushed from one location to another.
manually propelled scaffold A unit that consists of a scaffold on a rigid base that is set on wheels or casters. When it is not occupied, the unit may be pushed from one location to another.
mezzanine An intermediate level between the floor and ceiling of a large, open space.
midrail A horizontal crosspiece that runs halfway between the planking and railing on a platform.
offset An entrance in a railing surrounding a floor opening that is diagonal from the floor opening rather than opposite. People and materials must go around the railing before entering the opening.
outrigger A support that extends out from the base of a tall item to add stability.
overlap The area where two portions of a sectional ladder overlie each other. Overlap adds stability.
overloaded Burdened with excessive amounts of weight.
picket fence A type of barrier that consists of several slats made of wood or other materials that are fitted closely together and attached to two or more rails.
pit A large, deep hole in the earth or in the floor of a building.
pitch The degree to which a ladder is angled, which is determined by its length. The base of a ladder should be placed at a distance from the vertical that is one-quarter the ladder's length.
platform An open-sided floor that is elevated above the surrounding floor or ground.
portable dockboards A type of dockboard that is lifted and placed in position manually, usually with the help of a forklift.
portable metal ladder A movable climbing and descending device made of metal and consisting of side rails and rungs.
portable rung ladder A general classification for a non-self-supporting portable ladder that consists of two rails and several crosspieces. Types of portable rung ladders include straight ladders, single ladders, and sectional ladders.
portable stepladder A movable, two-sided, self-supporting ladder that is non-adjustable in length. One side of the stepladder has flat steps, while the other side is used only for stabilization and support.
portable wood ladder A movable climbing and descending device made of wood and consisting of side rails and rungs.
powered dockboard A type of dockboard that is electrically controlled and placed in position, usually with the use of hydraulics.
protrusion An object or device that sticks out from a flat surface that may catch clothing or cause tripping or an injury.
rail A hand-hold that serves as a barrier to a hole or opening. Rails usually consist of a top bar connected to a set of posts and often have a middle rail.
rise The vertical distance from the top of a tread to the top of the next higher tread.
roller A type of barrier that consists of a gate with wheels.
rung The crosspiece of a ladder that is used for stepping. Rungs are often round or oval.
runway A passageway for persons that is elevated above the surrounding floor or ground level. A walkway between buildings is a type of runway.
scaffolding A temporary, elevated platform consisting of metal or wooden crosspieces, supports or cables, and metal or wooden planking.
side-rolling ladder A type of ladder that has wheels and a base on the bottom for easy movement. Side-rolling ladders are often used to access shelving.
skid A platform or divider for stacking goods and materials.
skylight A window in the roof of a building that allows light to enter.
slat The vertical portion of a fence-like barrier.
special-purpose ladder A ladder that has features making it suitable for a particular task, such as a shelf for holding materials. Painter's and mason's ladders are types of special-purpose ladders.
spreader A hinge-like device used to separate, stabilize, and lock the two sides of a stepladder into position.
stair railing A hand-hold similar to a standard stair railing that is installed in parallel with the rise of a set of stairs. Stair railings must be fixed at a height of between 30 and 34 inches above the stair tread.
stair tread The horizontal portion of a step. The tread is the portion of the step on which you place your feet.
stairway opening A floor opening specifically for access to a set of stairs. Stairway openings must be guarded on at least three sides.
standard stair railing Protection for a stairway opening that consists of a top rail, intermediate rail, and posts that rise 42 inches from the upper surface being protected.
step-across distance The amount of space between one walking and working surface and another, such as the space between a ladder and an adjacent platform.
stop A device used to lock sections of an extension ladder together. Stops assure that the ladder will not come apart and that there is enough overlap.
straight ladder A type of portable rung ladder.
supported scaffold A temporary, elevated platform consisting of metal or wooden crosspieces and supports and metal or wooden planking.
suspended scaffold A temporary platform that attaches and hangs by cables from a stable surface such as a roof. Suspended scaffolds are used by window washers.
toeboard A vertical barrier at floor level that is erected along exposed openings, such as a floor opening, platform, or runway. Toeboards prevent objects such as tools and materials from falling from one level to the next.
trapdoor A floor or ceiling opening that leads to the level above or below.
trolley ladder A type of ladder that has wheels and a base on the bottom for easy movement.
walking and working surface Any area in the workplace where employees must place their feet to travel from one place to the next, such as floors, platforms, stairs, and ladders.
wall hole An opening of any width, such as a ventilation hole, that is less than 30 in. high but larger than one inch in a wall or partition.
wall opening An opening that is at least 30 in. high and 18 in. wide in any wall or partition through which persons may fall. A chute is a type of wall opening.