CDC Workplace Infection Safety and Prevention 135

"CDC Workplace Infection Safety and Prevention" provides a comprehensive overview of how workplaces should respond to diseases like COVID-19 that are caused by viruses spread mainly through person-to-person contact. As workplaces struggle to find a new normal amid the pandemic that began in 2020, finding effective ways of protecting against the spread of such viruses is imperative to ensure continued business operation without endangering employee health and safety.

In this class, users will learn ways to create a healthy and safe work environment that incorporates common methods of preventing the spread of COVID-19 recommended by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and state-specific guidance.

Class Details

Class Name:
CDC Workplace Infection Safety and Prevention 135
Difficulty:
Beginner
Number of Lessons:
13

Class Outline

  • COVID-19
  • Disease Transmission
  • Viral and Antibody Testing
  • COVID-19 Vaccines
  • Transmission Prevention
  • Review: Preventing the Spread
  • Transmission Reduction in the Workplace
  • Creating a Healthy Work Environment
  • Healthy Business Practices
  • Review: Healthy Practices
  • When Sickness Develops
  • Workplace Infection Response
  • Final Review

Objectives

  • Describe Coronavirus Disease 2019.
  • Explain how COVID-19 spreads.
  • Describe COVID-19 testing methods.
  • Describe COVID-19 vaccines.
  • Describe ways to protect against infectious diseases like COVID-19.
  • Describe ways to reduce disease transmission among coworkers.
  • Describe how to maintain a healthy work environment.
  • Describe how to maintain healthy business practices during an infectious disease outbreak.
  • Explain steps to take when sick with COVID-19.
  • Describe protocols employers should take in the event of a confirmed infected employee.

Job Roles

Certifications

Glossary

Vocabulary Term Definition
absenteeism The absence of an employee or employees. Absenteeism caused by illness during a pandemic should be planned for by employers to ensure continued operation.
acetaminophen An over-the-counter drug used to relieve pain and fever. Acetaminophen can help manage symptoms of COVID-19 when the instructions on the label are followed.
acute respiratory distress A syndrome that develops when the air sacs in the lungs fill up with fluid and restrict the ability of the lungs to take in air. Acute respiratory distress stops the lungs from delivering the oxygen organs in the human body require to function.
allergic reactions A hypersensitive immune response to a substance. Allergic reactions include rashes, swelling, and anaphylaxis and range from mild to severe.
Americans with Disabilities Act ADA. A civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against those with disabilities. The Americans with Disabilities Act prevents discrimination in situations involving employment.
antibody test A test that checks the blood for the presence of proteins that help fight off a viral infection. Antibody tests are used to confirm that someone previously had Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and their immune system successfully suppressed the virus.
asymptomatic Showing no symptoms of disease. Asymptomatic people often do not know they have an illness, since they have no indication that they are ill.
barriers A movable or permanent structure that keeps employees separated. Safety barriers keep employees from spreading respiratory droplets when they cannot practice social distancing.
blood clots A clump of blood cells that have congealed from a liquid to a gel or semi-solid. Blood clots that form in veins or arteries can be life-threatening and require medical treatment.
booster shot An additional dose of a vaccine that creates an improved immune response. A booster shot is recommended six months after the last dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccines or two months after the Johnson & Johnson/Janssen vaccine for adults who are over 65, who have other health conditions, or who work in high-risk industries.
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. An agency that develops and applies disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and education policies. The CDC is part of the Department of Health and Human Services.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC. An agency that develops and applies disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and education policies. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is part of the Department of Health and Human Services.
cleaning The removal of dirt and impurities, such as germs, from surfaces. Cleaning does not kill germs but does decrease the number of germs on a surface.
concentrations The amount of a substance contained within a given amount of space. High concentrations of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can build up in an infected person's upper respiratory tract very quickly.
contaminated Polluted with a noxious substance. Surfaces contaminated with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can spread the virus to a person who touches them.
Coronavirus Disease 2019 COVID-19. A respiratory illness caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Coronavirus Disease 2019 was discovered in Wuhan, China in late 2019 and caused the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare a global pandemic in March 2020.
coronaviruses A virus that causes respiratory illness in humans. While mild cases of coronavirus can cause the common cold, more lethal forms of the virus can cause severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).
COVID-19 Coronavirus Disease 2019. A respiratory illness caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 was discovered in Wuhan, China in late 2019 and caused the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare a global pandemic in March 2020.
cross-training The practice of training employees on more than one job role or skill. Cross-training allows employees to fill in for absent coworkers, so the work still gets done.
Delta variant A specific mutation of the virus that causes COVID-19. The Delta variant is more contagious and may cause more severe illness than the original virus.
disinfecting The use of chemicals to kill germs on surfaces. Disinfecting does not clean a surface and should be used after cleaning to eliminate remaining germs.
emergency use An urgent authorization that the FDA grants to a vaccine during a public health crisis like the COVID-19 pandemic. Emergency use indicates that the FDA is still reviewing evidence for a vaccine and that the organization is confident that existing evidence shows the vaccine is very safe and effective.
Environmental Protection Agency EPA. The U.S. federal government agency that carries out federal research, monitoring, standard- setting, and enforcement activities to ensure a clean, healthy environment. The Environmental Protection Agency maintains standards for any fluids that contain potentially harmful ingredients.
face masks An item of protective clothing that is made from multiple layers of cotton or other tightly woven material and fits snugly over the nose and mouth. Face masks protect others from diseases the wearer may have and offer different levels of protection based on their material, from cotton cloth masks to medical grade surgical or N95 masks.
Food and Drug Administration FDA. A U.S. federal agency that protects public health by ensuring drugs and medical treatments are safe, effective, and truthfully labeled. The Food and Drug Administration has approved three vaccines to protect against COVID-19.
full FDA approval An authorization that the FDA grants to a vaccine after a long period of use or review. Full FDA approval indicates that the FDA has enough evidence to support the benefits, safety, and effectiveness of a vaccine and to prove that it can be manufactured consistently and quickly.
fully vaccinated Having received all necessary doses of a COVID-19 vaccine. Fully vaccinated individuals have immunity two weeks after the last dose of their vaccine.
gloves A type of personal protective equipment worn on the hands and/or arms to reduce the risk of injury. Gloves should always be worn when handling chemicals or sharp objects.
hazard assessment A written, formal appraisal of the safety risks that exist within a workplace. A hazard assessment is often performed by the safety team during a walk-through and is often used to determine appropriate types of personal protective equipment.
hazards A source of danger or possible injury. Hazards can be physical hazards, such as falling objects, or health hazards, such as biological or chemical exposure.
hierarchy of controls A set of guidelines established by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) that ranks and categorizes workplace safety measures based on level of effectiveness. The hierarchy of controls includes engineering controls, administrative controls, and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE).
human resources HR. The department in a company that is responsible for recruiting talent, establishing workplace policies, tracking employee performance, managing employee compensation and benefits, and taking corrective action on performance issues. Human resources policies should be consistent with public health guidelines.
influenza An infectious disease caused by an influenza virus. Influenza is a respiratory illness.
isolating The act of separating a person who has a contagious disease from those who are not ill. Isolating prevents the spread of illness by preventing the exposure of healthy people to those who have the disease.
novel Never before seen. When something is novel, it is new and unique.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA. A government agency under the U.S. Department of Labor that sets the standards for safe working conditions in the United States. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration ensures that employees work in safe and healthy environments.
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration. A government agency under the U.S. Department of Labor that sets the standards for safe working conditions in the United States. OSHA ensures that employees work in safe and healthy environments.
over-the-counter OTC. Medications that can be purchased from a store or pharmacy without a prescription. Over-the-counter medications like acetaminophen can help manage COVID-19 symptoms.
pandemic An infectious disease outbreak that occurs worldwide or across multiple countries or continents. Pandemics are declared by the World Health Organization (WHO).
personal protective equipment PPE. Any example of various safety equipment that employees wear or use to prevent injury in the workplace. Face masks are a form of personal protective equipment.
person-to-person contact Close proximity that results in the transfer of infectious disease to another person. Person-to-person contact is the main way that the virus that causes Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is transmitted.
PPE Personal protective equipment. Any example of various safety equipment that employees wear or use to prevent injury in the workplace. Face masks are a form of PPE.
proteins Large molecules that are required for the structure, function, and regulation of the tissues and organs within the human body. A type of protein, called an antibody, is used by the human body's immune system to fight off infection.
quarantine Separating a person who was exposed to a contagious disease from the general public. Quarantining someone who may have a contagious disease prevents them from spreading it to others.
respiratory droplets A particle of water and other matter that is produced by the human body when a person breathes, talks, sneezes, coughs, or vomits. Respiratory droplets contain and spread COVID-19.
rhinovirus A virus that most often causes the common cold. Rhinovirus is a respiratory illness.
SARS-CoV-2 Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. A coronavirus that causes the respiratory illness known as the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). SARS-CoV-2 caused a global pandemic that was declared in March 2020.
severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 SARS-CoV-2. A coronavirus that causes the respiratory illness known as the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 caused a global pandemic that was declared in March 2020.
sheds Releases new virus particles out into the surrounding environment. To shed a virus means that the virus can then be spread to surrounding people and objects.
social distancing The act of remaining six feet apart from anyone who may be sick, including anyone not in a personal household. Social distancing prevents the spread of diseases transmitted through person-to-person contact.
splash guards A plastic shield that blocks respiratory droplets. Splash guards help to prevent employees from spreading or making contact with respiratory droplets that contain COVID-19.
standards An established policy regarding a particular practice or method. Standards created by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) are legally binding.
suppliers Organizations that provide a product to another organization. Products are often passed in a chain, from the supplier to the organization to the customer.
teleconferencing A meeting conducted electronically, usually via telephone or network connection, for participants separated by long distances. Teleconferencing offers potential cost savings in travel and executive time.
unsanitized Not made hygienic by cleaning or disinfecting. Unsanitized items should be cleaned and disinfected at least daily.
upper respiratory tract The part of the respiratory tract that includes the mouth, nose, nasal passages, throat, and larynx. The upper respiratory tract provides a passage for air to be breathed in and out of the lungs.
vaccinated Treated with a vaccine to produce an immune response. Being vaccinated with an approved vaccine is the best way to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
vaccines A substance that is usually given by injection to stimulate an immune response to protect against a disease. Three vaccines have been approved to protect against COVID-19 in adults, and the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine is currently authorized for use in children as young as five.
variants A mutation of the virus that causes COVID-19 that significantly changes how the virus behaves. Variants of the COVID-19 virus, such as the Delta variant, may spread more quickly or cause more severe illness.
viral test An evaluation that checks samples, such as a swab from inside of the nose, to confirm the presence of a virus. Viral tests are used to confirm that someone is currently sick with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).
workplace coordinator The person made responsible for handling issues related to a designated emergency situation. The workplace coordinator should ensure that proper protocols are implemented and followed until the emergency situation is over.
World Health Organization WHO. A global group that promotes worldwide health and safety. The World Health Organization focuses on ensuring universal health and wellness, eradicating communicable disease, and responding to health emergencies.