Maintenance requires a thorough understanding of how machines and systems function to keep them running without breakdowns and in service for their expected lifespan and beyond. Our maintenance courses cover everything from the basic principles of power transfer and rigging safety to PLCs and robotics.
Summary: Electrical Units provides a foundational overview of electricity, including fundamental measures and terminology used to discuss electricity. Electricity is the flow of electrons, which are negatively charged particles. The amount of valence electrons in an atom determines how well it allows electricity to flow. There are two types of electricity, alternating current and direct current, but both flow from negative to positive. Current is measured by certain terms, including amperage, voltage, resistance, and wattage. Ohm’s Law and Watt’s Law describe the relationships between these values in a circuit.When working with electrical systems, knowing how electricity flows and what different terms mean is very important. After taking this class, users should be familiar with the fundamentals of electricity and the vocabulary used to describe it. This enables users to build an understanding of more advanced electrical concepts and discuss them with the correct terminology.
Summary: Safety for Electrical Work provides an overview of the risks of working with electricity, as well as safety precautions Electricity can cause shock, burns, and fires. Electric shock occurs when current passes through a person's body. Overheating electrical components can cause burns and fires. To prevent electrical injuries, circuits and components must be properly grounded and maintained and employees must observe lockout/tagout practices and wear the appropriate personal protective equipment.Employees must understand and practice precautionary and preventative measures in order to safely and effectively work with electricity. After completing this course, users will be able to describe the best practices for maintaining safety and preventing injury while working with electrical systems.
Summary: Introduction to Circuits provides a foundational overview of electrical circuitry. Whether wired in series, parallel, or a combination of the two, all circuits consist of a source, path, control, and load. Each of these components serves a purpose, and many circuits have extra components to prevent safety hazards and damage. Visual representations of circuits, such as schematic diagrams, use symbols of these components to illustrate the circuit’s layout. This method makes it easier to understand circuits and the rules that describe how they function, such as Kirchhoff’s Laws.Understanding how circuits work is essential when working with electricity. This includes being familiar with circuit components, circuit diagrams, and the rules that govern circuits, which serves as the basis for understanding advanced electrical topics. Without the foundational information presented in this class, users would not be prepared to study more complex aspects of electrical systems.
Summary: Introduction to Magnetism provides a thorough overview of magnetism and how it relates to electricity. Magnetism is a force of attraction and repulsion that occurs when the molecules in a material align. Materials become magnetized when they are exposed to a magnetic field. Materials can be demagnetized with heat, vibration, or a magnetic field generated by alternating current. Magnets have two different poles, like the earth. Magnetic forces exit the north pole of a magnet and are attracted to the south pole. These forces, or lines of flux, are essential for producing electricity with magnetic induction.Electricity and magnetism are closely related. Magnetism is used to create electricity, and electricity is used to create magnetism. Most of the world’s electricity comes from magnetic induction. Understanding how these and other magnetic devices work requires familiarity with magnetism and its relationship to electricity.
Summary: DC Circuit Components provides a comprehensive overview of the different parts that appear in DC circuits, including source, path, control, and load. DC power sources include batteries, generators, and piezoelectricity. The path of a circuit is made of a conductor, which has low resistance, but other materials with more resistance, such as insulators, semiconductors, and resistors, are often also used in circuits. In general, switches are used to control current, but many circuits also have safety devices, such as fuses and breakers, to protect the circuit from high current conditions.Understanding the purpose of different components is essential for working with DC circuits. After taking this class, users should have a firm grasp of many different circuit components and understand when and why they are used. This knowledge will allow them to design effective circuits and recognize potential problems with a circuit’s components.
Summary: NEC Overview provides information on the contents, purpose, history, and applications of the National Electrical Code. The NEC is written for experienced electrical workers. The NEC(R) is the essential standard on minimum safe installations.
While safe practices are encouraged when working with electrical systems and the NEC(R) offers them, the code is not the law unless it is adopted by local government. However, the NEC(R), in some form, is the law for minimum electrical installations in all states.
Using and understanding the National Electrical Code is essential for anyone who works with electrical systems. This course assists readers in navigating the NEC(R) and understanding its function. After completing this course, users will be able to describe the structure of the National Electric Code(R), as well as its major guidelines that impact electrical maintenance in production facilities.
Summary: AC Fundamentals 241 discusses alternating current (AC) as the most common form of electrical power. AC waves can be viewed and measured on the screen of an oscilloscope. Alternating current is economical, can be sent long distances, and can be stepped up or stepped down to adjust voltage. Different AC waveforms exist, the most common being sine waves. Ohm's law holds true for AC circuits, but voltage and current both increase and decrease together in a cycle while impedance remains constant.Anyone working within electrical systems must understand the fundamental concepts and basic workings of alternating current to ensure their safety. After taking this course, students will be able to describe electrical flow in an alternating current circuit and the impact alternating current has on electrical variables.
Summary: Electrical Instruments 251 describes the various roles of electrical testing instruments in maintaining the safety of electrical workers. From the basic galvanometer to today’s digital multimeters, electrical instruments are primarily used to determine if electricity is flowing properly and safely through devices and circuits. Most meters made today are digital. Watt and watt-hour meters are used to measure power or energy. Many other meters, such as oscilloscopes, decibel meters, and wiggies, are designed for specialized uses.All electrical instruments offer a better understanding of the operating conditions of electricity. Various organizations that set manufacturer standards ensure the accuracy of electrical instruments. Upon taking this course, students will be able to describe how to use electrical measuring instruments to safely and accurately measure electrical variables.
Summary: Electrical Print Reading provides a fundamental overview of common electrical prints and symbols. The most common prints are pictorial, one-line, schematic, and wiring diagrams. Pictorial diagrams use illustrations to represent circuit components, but the other common types of diagrams use symbols. There are many different symbols, and some symbols have different variations. Diagrams include symbol keys to indicate what symbols represent, and sometimes symbols are labeled to make them easier to understand.This class introduces users to the types of prints and symbols that they are most likely to see, which will prepare them for reading and writing their own electrical prints. These are integral skills for working with electrical systems, since almost all electrical projects, from designing a circuit to troubleshooting one, involve electrical prints.
Summary: DC Power Sources provides a foundational overview of direct current and the different power sources that produce it. A DC power source is any means used to convert various forms of energy into DC electricity. DC power sources include batteries, fuel cells, solar cells, and DC generators. Most DC power is supplied by batteries, but generators are used for some applications. Fuel cells and solar cells are not widely used but may be more popular in the future if they can be made less expensive and more efficient.After taking this class, users will be familiar with different methods of producing DC power and other important concepts, such as magnetic induction. This is important for working with electrical systems because many electrical devices operate on direct current. In addition, DC may become more popular in the future if alternative sources such as fuel and solar cells become more cost-effective.
Summary: AC Power Sources describes the common power sources used to generate alternating current (AC). Most AC power is produced by rotating field generators. Rotating field generators are made up of a rotor, stator, windings, and poles and rely on magnetic induction to produce voltage. Several types of distribution systems link AC generators to end users in order to deliver power. Transformers step voltage up and down to make it easier to transfer within a distribution system. Most transformers are three-phase and can have different types of cores. Regardless of its application, electricity in all forms must always be handled with care to minimize safety risks and damage to equipment.After completing this course, users will be able to describe common AC power sources, their basic constructions, and the ways in which they operate. This knowledge will enable users to keep themselves safe while effectively working within electrical systems that use common AC power sources.
Summary: Conductor Selection 291 describes the different features of conductors and the considerations involved selecting conductors for electrical wiring applications. Electricians use the National Electrical Code(R) to guide the selection process. Different materials are used to construct conductors. Copper is the most popular choice due to its affordability, low resistance, and good conductivity. Insulation is used to protect conductors from damage and electricians from injury. Wire protection is added to conductors to prevent damage from environmental factors.Correction factors must be considered when selecting a conductor, including ambient temperature, number of conductors, and conductor length. When electricians use the NEC(R) and have an understanding of conductor features and correction factors, selecting appropriate conductors to safely carry power is ensured and essential when working with electrical systems.
Summary: Series Circuit Calculations provides a comprehensive overview of the rules and formulas used to calculate and predict electrical quantities and capacity. Using a direct current (DC) series circuit as an example, it explains basic rules of electricity and how different electrical values relate.After taking this class, users should have a firm grasp of the methods used to determine various electrical values in a circuit. Understanding circuit rules and calculations is important for working with all aspects of electrical systems. These formulas and laws make it possible to predict electrical quantities, which is necessary when selecting components for a circuit. They are also helpful tools for designing and troubleshooting circuits.
Summary: Parallel Circuit Calculations provides a comprehensive overview of the rules and formulas used to calculate electrical quantities and capacity. Using a direct current parallel circuit as an example, it explains the basic rules for electrical variables and how they relate. In a parallel circuit, voltage is the same across each branch. Current in a parallel circuit adds up to the total current value. In any one branch of a parallel circuit, current and resistance are inversely proportional. The total resistance is always less than the smallest individual resistance.After taking this class, users should have a strong understanding of the methods used to determine electrical values in parallel and combination circuits. Understanding these rules and formulas is important for working with electrical systems because they make it possible to predict and calculate electrical quantities. This is especially important for parallel circuits because they are so commonly used.
Summary: Battery Selection discusses the factors by which batteries are rated and other considerations that go into selecting an appropriate battery. It also describes many of the most common types of batteries. To choose an appropriate battery, check the amp-hour, reserve capacity, and cranking amperage ratings. Also consider rechargeability, life span, size, weight, environment, and total cost.Understanding the factors that go into selecting a battery is important because so many devices rely on batteries for power. If the wrong battery is chosen for an application, it may not be strong enough or be able to operate for the required length of time. In some cases, using the wrong battery can even lead to safety hazards. However, choosing appropriate batteries for different applications ensures that devices will work optimally and prevents unnecessary costs.
Summary: This class provides an introduction to fluid power systems, including hydraulic and pneumatic components.
Summary: The Forces of Fluid Power presents a comprehensive overview of fluid power transmission systems. It offers a broad scope of information, from fluid characteristics and basic energy forms to force multiplication and the effect of fluid flow rate in a system. When pressurized, fluids are able to produce tremendous power with a minimal amount of effort. Maintaining constant fluid flow is essential for any system to work effectively. While the type of fluid in systems differ, the key components of all fluid systems and processes are similar. More importantly, the units of measurement are the same.Without a full understanding of fluid power and the units used to measure key components of a fluid system, a fluid system may not have the proper pressure, volume, force, or fluid flow rate needed to maintain constant fluid flow. After taking the class, users will be able to better recognize how fluids systems function and explain the variables that affect them.
Summary: "Safety for Hydraulics and Pneumatics" provides a complete overview of the best safety and injury prevention practices for fluid power systems. Fluid power systems rely on the use of highly pressurized liquids and gases. As a result, working with fluid power systems is associated with a variety of hazards, including risk of injection injuries as well as exposure to extreme temperatures and hazardous energy. Several devices and safety procedures can mitigate the potential for accidents and damage to system components.Without a thorough understanding of fluid system safety standards, procedures, and devices, working with pressurized fluids can result in severe burns, poisoning, respiratory damage, intestinal bleeding, and death. After taking "Safety for Hydraulics and Pneumatics, " users will be able recognize how to prevent accidental injury and equipment damage when working with fluid power systems.
Summary: Introduction to Hydraulic Components provides users with an overview of how the active and passive components of a hydraulic system work together to transmit power. The active components of a hydraulic system are the hydraulic pump, control valves, and the actuator. Fluid conductors and fluid storage containers are passive components. Each part of a hydraulic system contributes to the manipulation of pressurized hydraulic fluid in order for the system to perform work.After completing Introduction to Hydraulic Components, users will have an understanding of how the main components of a hydraulic system work together to convert hydraulic energy into mechanical power. Fluid system operators should be knowledgeable about the functions of hydraulic system components and how each part contributes to the success of the hydraulic system.
Summary: Introduction to Pneumatic Components provides a comprehensive overview of pneumatic power and the elements that allow a pneumatic system to perform work. Users will become familiar with the physical laws behind the compression of the pneumatic fluids that power a system and they will gain an understanding of how each unique component impacts the efficiency and effectiveness of the system.
Transportation, manufacturing, and construction are just some of the fields that depend on pneumatic systems to perform work. Modern cranes, excavators, and automobile brakes would not be possible without pneumatics. In manufacturing, pneumatic technology is widely used for factory automation, with applications in all steps of product manipulation and processing. After taking this class, users will be able to identify the components that affect each step of a pneumatic system.
Summary: Introduction to Fluid Conductors provides a comprehensive overview of conductors in a fluid system, outlining the potential impact that each conductor has on a specific system. The unique types of conductors have a profound influence on the effectiveness of a fluid system. In general, every conductor offers a tradeoff between flexibility and strength. A fluid conductor must be matched according to the specific needs of a particular system. Without proper fluid conductor selection, leakage and a lack of system inefficiency may occur. Inefficiency will slow production and add excess waste and cost to the process. After taking this class, users will be able to better identify the types of fluid conductors and their specific advantages and disadvantages within a fluid system.
Summary: Fittings for Fluid Systems provides a comprehensive overview of the types of fittings used to join or terminate a conductor run, as well as an overview of the maintenance and instillation of fittings. The unique types of fittings have a profound impact on the effectiveness of a pneumatic system. In general, every type of fittings offers something specific in terms of its ability to move, direct, and seal a system. A fitting must be matched to the needs of the size, conductor type and fluid type in use.
Without proper fitting selection and maintenance, the pneumatic system will lose efficiency or fail. Loss of efficiency and system failure adds excess waste and cost to the process. After taking this class, users will be able to better identify the types of fittings used in a pneumatic system and how proper selection of a fitting will provide optimal efficiency within a system.
Summary: Preventive Maintenance for Fluid Systems provides an overview of the benefits of a preventive maintenance program for fluid systems. Contamination in hydraulic or pneumatic fluid is the most common cause of malfunction for hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Preventive maintenance involves using filters or strainers to prevent contamination in the hydraulic fluid. A preventive maintenance program requires system operators to follow routine maintenance schedules regarding seals, conductors, and other system components.A successful preventive maintenance program can help a manufacturing facility reduce downtime, lessen the need for costly repairs, and increase productivity. After taking this class, users will understand the benefits of a preventive maintenance approach for fluid systems.
Summary: Hydraulic Power Variables provides users with a foundational knowledge of variable factors in hydraulic power and how the variables affect hydraulic systems. Hydraulic power variables are measurable or quantifiable characteristics of a hydraulic system or system component. The two most integral variables are fluid flow and pressure. Additional power variables include speed, horsepower, and torque. Changing any variable impacts the system's operation.After taking Hydraulic Power Variables, users will understand how the variables of a hydraulic system contribute to the manipulation of pressurized fluid in order to transmit power. Understanding the power variables allows hydraulic system operators to predict the performance of a system and select compatible components.
Summary: Hydraulic Power Sources provides a detailed overview of the most common hydraulic pumps used in hydraulic systems. A hydraulic pump is the power source of a hydraulic system and requires a prime mover, such as a motor or engine, in order to create fluid flow. Hydraulic pumps include positive-displacement pumps such as gear pumps, vane pumps, and piston pumps. A hydraulic power source relies on many components that work together to form a complete hydraulic system.A foundational knowledge of hydraulic pumps is essential to understanding how a hydraulic system functions. After taking this class, users will have a comprehensive understanding of hydraulic pumps and pump ratings, such as flow capacity, pressure, and efficiency.
Summary: The class Pneumatic Power Variables provides users with a foundational knowledge of pneumatic power and the pneumatic systems that generate it. Pneumatic power variables are measurable or quantifiable characteristics of a pneumatic system or system component. The two most integral variables are fluid flow and pressure. Additional power variables include speed, horsepower, and torque.After taking Pneumatic Power Variables users will understand how the different variables of a system affect the transmission of power in a system. Further they will understand how to evaluate and select the most appropriate and efficient components to power a pneumatic system.
Summary: Pneumatic Power Sources provides a comprehensive overview of the compressors that allow a pneumatic system to perform work. Users will become familiar with the different types of compressors that may be used in a pneumatic system, as well as the various sources that power these compressors. Users will also gain an understanding of how each unique type of compressor impacts the efficiency and effectiveness of a pneumatic system.Jet engines, heavy construction equipment, and a variety of manufacturing tools would not be possible without compressors. After taking this class, users will be able to identify the different types of compressors that compress air, and the power sources that compressors to perform work.
Summary: Hydraulic Control Valves describes the three main types of control valves and their functions in a hydraulic system. Control valves control the direction, pressure, and flow rate of fluid as it moves through a hydraulic system. The proper placement of control valves contributes to the overall effectiveness of a hydraulic circuit. Hydraulic system operators use schematic diagrams when studying hydraulic circuits and control valves. Schematic diagrams include symbols for control valves and other system components.Understanding the functions of each type of hydraulic control valve and their proper placement within a hydraulic circuit helps ensure that a hydraulic system produces usable power. After taking this class, users will understand the main types of hydraulic control valves and their various functions. Users will also be able to identify schematic symbols for common control valves.
Summary: Hydraulic Schematics and Basic Circuit Design provides an overview of basic hydraulic circuit configurations and the standard fluid symbols in fluid schematic diagrams. A hydraulic schematic diagram uses lines and symbols to provide a visual display of fluid paths within a hydraulic circuit. A hydraulic schematic also indicates the types and capabilities of components in the circuit. Basic hydraulic circuits use strategic placement of control valves and components to manipulate fluid and achieve specific results.A knowledge of standard fluid symbols and schematic diagrams is necessary in order to work with basic and complex hydraulic circuits. This course teaches users how to read a basic schematic diagram and how to relate a schematic diagram to a hydraulic circuit.
Summary: Pneumatic Control Valves provides an overview of different common pneumatic valves, including regulating, directional control, relief, flow control, and sequence valves. A pneumatic system uses these various types of valves to control the movement, pressure, direction, and flow rate of compressed air as it moves through the system. The types of valves used and their placement in a pneumatic system can maximize the system's potential to do work.Without pneumatic control valves, operators would not be able to assure the optimal air pressure and directional flow that allows the system to operate efficiently and safely. After taking Pneumatic Control Valves users will understand how different pneumatic valves affect the flow of pressurized air in a system. Further they will understand how to evaluate and select the most appropriate components to control pressurized air flow in a pneumatic system.
Summary: Basic Pneumatic Schematics and Circuit Design provides an overview of different common pneumatic schematic symbols, including air treatment symbols; pressure, flow, and direction valve symbols; and actuator symbols. Further, the class describes an overview of the design principles of a pneumatic circuit and the placement of components within a pneumatic schematic. Without pneumatic circuit design and schematic symbols, designers would not be able to communicate to an engineer the necessary component placement in order to achieve the work for a particular job. After taking Basic Pneumatic Schematics and Circuit Design users will understand basic design principles in a pneumatic circuit schematic and be able to recognize the symbols of basic circuit components.
Summary: Actuator Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the actuators used in industrial fluid power systems. Actuators convert fluid power into mechanical force at the end of a fluid circuit. Fluid power actuators consist of linear actuators, rotary actuators, hydraulic motors, and pneumatic motors. Linear actuators exert linear force, while rotary actuators, hydraulic motors, and pneumatic motors exert rotary force.After taking this class, users will be familiar with the primary types and functions of fluid power actuators. An understanding of actuators helps fluid system operators handle the day-to-day operations of a fluid system.
Summary: Hydraulic Fluid Selection explains the primary functions and properties of the hydraulic fluid within a hydraulic system. Hydraulic fluid must lubricate components, seal clearances, dissipate heat, and transfer power as it flows through a fluid system. This class gives an overview of the types of hydraulic fluid used in industrial and mobile hydraulic systems. Hydraulic fluid is either petroleum-based oil, water-based, or synthetic. Selecting the hydraulic fluid for an application requires consideration of fluid properties and characteristics, such as the fluid's viscosity and whether it is compatible with system components.After taking this class, users will be familiar with common hydraulic fluids and their applications. A knowledge of hydraulic fluid helps prevent maintenance issues arising from fluid incompatibility and prevents downtime. Hydraulic system operators and technicians should be aware of hydraulic fluid selection guidelines.
Summary: Contamination and Filter Selection describes common contaminants that may affect a fluid system. Contaminants include solid particles, liquids, and energy. Hydraulic and pneumatic systems are both subject to contamination, but hydraulic systems are more susceptible due to their higher operating pressures and recirculation of fluid. Filters are used in a fluid system to clean fluid and control contamination. Filters are selected based on the target cleanliness for a system or component.A knowledge of the filter selection process helps fluid system operators to determine the most efficient and appropriate filter to use. Being aware of common contaminants that may damage a fluid system helps machine operators prevent malfunctions and reduces downtime.
Summary: Hydraulic Principles and System Design provides an overview of the process used to design a basic hydraulic system. Hydraulic system design requires familiarity with the components of a hydraulic system and the various fluid power formulas used when sizing hydraulic components. Engineers use fluid power formulas to solve for variables such as horsepower, flow rate, and pressure.After taking this class, users will be familiar with the fluid power formulas used when designing a hydraulic system. A knowledge of fluid power formulas and hydraulic system design helps employees to correctly size components and perform troubleshooting.
Summary: Introduction to Mechanical Systems provides a foundational overview of mechanical systems. Simple machines, such as the lever, incline planed, and wheel, are the building blocks of even the most complex mechanical systems. Both simple and complex machines manipulate mechanical forces, including distance and friction, in order to achieve mechanical advantage.Understanding how simple machines work is essential to understanding and working with any type of machinery. This includes being familiar with each type of simple machine as well as its components, function, and mechanical advantage, all of which serve as the basis for understanding advanced mechanical topics. Without the foundational information presented in this class, users will not be prepared to study more complex aspects of mechanical systems.
Summary: The class Safety for Mechanical Work provides a comprehensive overview of the safety hazards associated with working on any mechanical system, including the possibility for falls, fires, electrocution, or crushing injuries when entering a machine. In addition, contact with certain machine fluids can cause skin and eye irritation. Many machines require machine guards because the operator works in close proximity with the point of operation and moving components. Injuries often occur when operators start machines without knowing that someone is performing maintenance.After taking the class, a user should be able to demonstrate awareness of and follow proper safety protocols while working on machines. Being aware of potential safety hazards reduces an operator's risk of injury. The key to safely maintaining machines is to perform proper lockout/tagout procedures, follow established safety guidelines, and maintain a well-organized, safe work environment.
Summary: Forces of Machines provides a comprehensive overview of the physical forces behind machine functions. All machines are based on the science of mechanics, which deals with the effects of different forces that either cause or prevent motion. Understanding the different types of forces, the physical laws that define them, and the ways in which they are measured is crucial to understanding machine functions.Understanding how machines work is essential to working with and performing maintenance upon any type of machinery. This includes the ability to distinguish between contact and non-contact forces, linear and rotary motion, speed and velocity, and scalar and vector quantities, all of which serve as a basis for more advanced mechanical topics. After completing this class, users will be prepared to both work with and study more complex aspects of mechanical systems.
Summary: Power Transmission Components provides an overview of various components used to transmit energy through mechanical systems. Many systems use gear trains, belt drive systems, chain drives systems, or a combination of these to transfer energy from a power source to a point of use. Industrial applications requiring frequent stopping and starting and varying operational speeds use clutching mechanisms controlled by manual or automatic transmissions.As certain power transmission components are best suited for certain applications, manufacturers must determine which components are most appropriate for a given situation. Understanding advantages and disadvantages of various components based on operating speeds, load capacity, and other factors helps ensure efficient operations. Professionals in manufacturing should understand the basics of power transmission in all its variations.
Summary: Mechanical Power Variables covers the changeable aspects of mechanical power. Basic power variables include speed, power, torque, horsepower, and mechanical forces. All machines rely on rotary motion, linear motion, or a combination of the two to perform work, and different power variables relate to each type of motion. Effectively converting one form of motion to another requires a clear understanding of the functional and mathematical relationship between the two forms.Machine operators and maintenance personnel must often determine which power components are most suitable for specific operations, evaluate machine efficiency, and determine when machine components should be replaced. Familiarity with power variables and their effects can help to prevent machine downtime and component failure. After taking this class, users will understand the basic variables involved in power transmission so that they can use mechanical power properly, safely, and efficiently.
Summary: Lubricant Fundamentals describes different types of lubricants and appropriate uses for them in machines and mechanical systems. A variety of machines require proper lubrication in order to function safely and efficiently. Lubricants help prevent wear and ensure operational efficiency by decreasing friction between components in contact. Common industrial lubricants include oil, grease, and solid lubricants.Machine operators and maintenance personnel must understand basic lubricant properties so they can select, apply, and replace lubricants properly. They must also recognize signs of improper lubrication and be aware of proper maintenance, storage, and safety practices for lubricants. After completing this course, users will understand the advantages and disadvantages of different types of lubricants, their operational properties, and procedures for proper lubrication.
Summary: Bearing Applications provides an overview of the many different types of bearings used in mechanical applications. Bearings are an essential part of many applications because they provide movement and reduce friction. A variety of bearing types are available. Each type of bearing accepts different loads, works in specific ways, and requires the appropriate lubrication regimens and maintenance procedures. As a result, both an application's key variables and a bearing's capabilities must be assessed in order to choose the most appropriate bearing for the application's needs.Without proper application and maintenance, bearings will function less efficiently, increasing the chance for premature failure and downtime. A lack of knowledge will consequently slow production as well as add excess waste and cost to the process. After taking this class, a user should be able to accurately select bearings and take the measures necessary to ensure optimal bearing life.
Summary: Belt Drive Applications provides an overview of the many belts used in mechanical systems. Belt drives are essential to many applications since they transmit power, torque, and speed. A variety of belt types are available. Each functions at different speeds and transmits different amounts of power. The unique designs of different belts vary depending on application. As a result, both an application's key variables and a belt drive's capabilities must be assessed in order to choose the most appropriate belt drive.Without proper application and maintenance, belt drives will function less efficiently, increasing the chance for premature failure and downtime. Proper belt maintenance can speed production and reduce a process’s waste and cost. After taking this class, a user should be able to select appropriate belt drives and perform the maintenance necessary to ensure optimal belt drive life.
Summary: Gear Applications provides an overview of the many different types of gears and gear drives used in mechanical applications. Gears are an essential part of many applications because they transmit power and motion as well as alter the speed, torque, or direction of mechanical energy. Gear design and the structure of gear drives vary depending upon their application. As a result, both an application's key variables and a gear's capabilities must be assessed in order to choose the most appropriate gear for the application's needs.Without proper application and maintenance, gears will function less efficiently, increasing the chance for premature failure and downtime. A lack of knowledge will consequently slow production as well as add excess waste and cost to the process. After taking this class, a user should be able to identify different gears, understand gear drive abilities, and possess the knowledge to safely operate gear systems.
Summary: Gear Geometry provides an overview of the important design features of common gears. Involute gears have teeth that are shaped by an involute curve. In order to work properly, involute gears must meet precise geometrical specifications. Gear geometry includes tooth profile, pressure angle, pitch circle, clearance, and backlash. A gear's geometry significantly affects the way in which it meshes with another gear in order to transmit power and motion.The geometry of a gear affects its ability to function correctly and consistently transmit power throughout a mechanical system. Understanding a gear's geometrical features is essential to ensuring gears mesh together properly. After taking this class, a user will be able to describe the basic involute design of gears, its purpose, and define necessary terms for gear specifications.
Summary: Clutch and Brake Applications covers the functionality of various clutch and brake types. Many industrial machines use clutches and brakes to cause or prevent the transfer of motion through mechanical systems. Understanding how different clutches and brakes function and how to choose appropriate components for a particular system is essential to regulating the safe and efficient transfer of energy. Clutches and brakes also work in conjunction with other power transmission components and must be properly maintained to prevent machine damage.Machine operators must determine which clutches and brakes are most suitable for an application based on machine loads, operating speeds, and the general type of machine application. They must also recognize signs of wear and determine when clutching and braking components should be repaired or replaced. After taking, this course, users will understand clutch and brake function, and appropriate procedures for safe clutch and brake operation
Summary: Relays, Contactors, and Motor Starters provides an overview of the primary components involved in electric motor control. Relays are electrical switches that control a circuit. When activated by current, a relay opens and closes a circuit to turn a larger current on or off. Contactors control current by conducting it through metal contacts that make or break electrical circuits. When combined with an overload relay, a contactor becomes a motor starter.Working with relays, contactors, and motor starters requires technicians to understand how to properly care for such devices and how to operate them effectively. After taking this class, users will be able to describe the design and function of common relays, contactors, and motor starters, as well as the applications for each device.
Summary: Control Devices 211 covers the fundamental components of motor controls, devices that control the flow of current in circuits. Dangers of electric shock and other safety risks are significantly heightened when working with control devices. Control devices can be manual, mechanical, or automatic and are used in a variety of ways. Control devices include different types of buttons and switches, all of which serve differing purposes. It is necessary for those working with motor controls to understand control devices and apply their knowledge to appropriately select and operate these items according to application. After taking this course, students will be able to describe the design and function of commonly used mechanical control devices, along with applications appropriate for each device.
Summary: Distribution Systems 221 describes power distribution systems and their components. Distribution systems are integral parts of motor control systems because they consist of all generators, transformers, wires, and other devices used to transport power from the source to end use. Generating stations house generators that are linked together in parallel circuits to create power. Transformers step up and step down voltage. Substations house transformers and provide a safe point to cut the power.Understanding the ways in which electricity is distributed and how to work safely with distribution systems is an essential part of working within motor controls. After taking this course, users will be able to describe how power enters a facility and is distributed to electrical equipment, as well as best practices for safely working with electrical power distribution systems.
Summary: Limit Switches and Proximity Sensors introduces users to commonly used manufacturing sensors that detect the presence or absence of an object. Limit switches are mechanical sensors that require physical contact to be actuated. There are many variations of limit switches, including different operating mechanisms and environmental classifications. Proximity sensors, including inductive, capacitive, and Hall Effect sensors, do not require physical contact because they use an electronic or magnetic sensing field. These devices have different advantages and disadvantages and are used for various applications.Limit switches and proximity sensors are widely used for automated systems in all types of industries. They are used to control speed and motion as well as detect, count, position, and divert parts. After taking this class, users will understand the function, application, and installation considerations for commonly used limit switches and proximity sensors.
Summary: Introduction to Electric Motors provides a comprehensive overview of electric motors and the principles on which they operate. Electric motors use magnetic induction to turn electricity into mechanical motion. This motion is rated by mechanical power variables, such as speed, torque, and horsepower. Electric motors run on either direct or alternating current. Direct current motors include series, shunt, and compound motors. Common AC motors are squirrel cage, wound rotor, and synchronous. Different types of motors are used for different applications.All maintenance personnel must have a good understanding of electric motors because they are so commonly used. Before users can understand advanced motor control concepts, they must first develop a foundational knowledge of electric motors and how they function. This class introduces the topics that users will build on as they continue to study motor controls.
Summary: Symbols and Diagrams for Motors introduces different diagrams used to represent motor circuits and symbols that circuit diagrams commonly contain. Pictorial diagrams are the simplest and use illustrated pictures to represent circuit components. Schematic diagrams and line diagrams use symbols to represent components. Wiring diagrams also use symbols, but they are more detailed than the other types of diagrams. Most motor control devices are represented on a schematic diagram.Being able to interpret motor diagrams is extremely important when working with motor controls because they show how circuits are constructed and how components are connected. Users will also rely on their knowledge of diagrams and symbols when learning about more advanced motor topics and applications.
Summary: Logic and Line Diagrams provides a comprehensive look at circuit logic and diagrams. The way a circuit functions depends on its circuit logic, which can be AND, OR, NAND, or NOR. The logic used in a circuit determines the layout of its corresponding line diagram. In general, line diagrams lay out the relationship between components on parallel lines. Line diagrams also include numbers to identify the location of components, the wires in the circuit, and the connections between components.This class will familiarize users with the rules and conventions of line diagrams, as well as the different types of circuit logic. This knowledge will allow users to read line diagrams, which is essential when working with motors and especially motor controls.
Summary: DC Motor Applications provides a comprehensive overview of DC motors and their uses in industry. DC motors generally consist of an armature, a commutator, brushes, and field windings. DC motors may be series, shunt, or compound, depending on their field winding connections. Some DC motors use permanent magnets instead of field windings. In general, DC motors offer high torque and easy speed control, but they require more maintenance than AC motors.DC motors are used to provide control for many applications in industry, and most older manufacturing equipment uses DC motors. Since older equipment is more likely to need maintenance than newer equipment, personnel working with motor controls are more likely to need to service DC motors than AC motors. This class provides users with a good understanding of how DC motors work so that they can effectively operate and maintain these motors.
Summary: AC Motor Applications provides a comprehensive overview of different types of AC motors and how they operate. The main components of AC motors are stators and rotors. The two basic types of AC motors are induction and synchronous motors. AC motors can operate on single-phase or three-phase power. In general, AC motors require little maintenance. Depending on its type, a motor may need to be repaired or replaced when problems occur.AC motors are the most commonly used industrial motors, and many applications that previously used DC motors are replacing them with AC motors when possible. Working with the applications that use AC motors demands an understanding of how AC motors function. After taking this class, users will have a foundational knowledge of the components, types, and uses of AC motors.
Summary: This class covers the basic types of servomotors and the components that can be used in a servo system.
Summary: Solenoids introduces different types of solenoids and their uses. Solenoids use magnetic induction to produce linear motion. Common solenoid types are direct action, plunger, bell-crank, and clapper. Solenoids are rated by their voltage and current characteristics, which helps determine the appropriate solenoid for a given application. Solenoid failure may be caused by selecting the wrong solenoid, or other common causes such as incorrect voltage or frequency.Understanding how solenoids work is necessary for working with the many applications that utilize them, including combustion engines and industrial fluid control systems. After taking this class, users will have an understanding of solenoids and should be able to identify important factors in solenoid selection and common causes of solenoid failure. Knowing how to choose the correct solenoid and avoid solenoid failure decreases the chances of solenoids burning out or needing to be replaced for other reasons.
Summary: This class describes the functions and applications of various mechanical, electromechanical, and electronic timers and counters. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: Reversing Motor Circuits provides a comprehensive overview of the various means used to reverse electric motors. Motor control circuits use various control devices to change the direction in which a motor rotates. Reversing circuits typically use reversing starters, but they may also use drum switches, limit switches, and programmable logic controllers. To reverse a DC motor, the control device changes the direction of current flow in the motor’s armature. To reverse an AC motor, the control device interchanges two of the motor’s power lines.Many applications require motors to run in reverse, either to change the direction of operation or to brake and stop the motor. After taking this class, users will understand the basic principles behind reversing circuits for motors and be familiar with the various control devices they use. This will prepare users for designing, working with, and selecting control devices for various types of motor reversing circuits.
Summary: Motor Drive Systems and Maintenance describes the major components found in motor drive systems and best practices for system maintenance. A motor drive system typically consists of a variable frequency drive and a three-phase AC motor used to power a driven unit. The motor connects to the driven unit through a drive train. Because there are many mechanical and electrical components, motor drive systems are prone to various faults that interrupt operation and lead to downtime. Following a proactive maintenance approach can be a very effective method of preventing and dealing with system faults.Motor drive systems are used for many industrial applications. When operating motor drive systems, understanding how they work and how they can potentially fail is essential. In addition, understanding motor drive maintenance prepares users to operate machinery effectively, reducing downtime and manufacturing costs.
Summary: Electrical Maintenance for Motor Drive Systems provides a comprehensive overview of the common power quality issues that occur in motor drive systems and the methods used to inspect and resolve these issues. Electrical maintenance involves inspecting input power, DC bus output, leakage current, and insulation resistance as well as checking for overloading, single phasing, electrical unbalance, transients, harmonics, and thermal abnormalities.Many industrial applications rely on motor drive systems to power output devices. Motor drive systems consist of complex electrical components and require sufficient power quality to function correctly. Power issues in any system component can cause the entire system to malfunction and fail, leading to lost production time and increased costs. This class prepares users to effectively operate and maintain motor drive systems to minimize downtime and economic losses.
Summary: Mechanical Maintenance for Motor Drive Systems provides an overview of the most common mechanical faults found in motor drive systems and describes typical inspection methods for mechanical maintenance. Vibration is a major issue that can have very damaging effects. Shaft misalignment, shaft imbalance, looseness, and bearing issues are the four most common causes of vibration. Vibration inspection helps identify and correct the causes of vibration. Thermal inspection, ultrasound analysis, and oil analysis are also used during mechanical maintenance.Motor drive systems are widely used to power industrial machinery. For these systems to operate safely and efficiently, their mechanical components must be in good working order. This class provides information that helps users understand major mechanical faults and how to identify and fix them. This information helps reduce unplanned downtime and expenses.
Summary: In this class covers the functions and characteristics of many different electronic semiconductor devices.
Summary: This class covers the characteristics and functions of photonic semiconductor devices.
Summary: This class covers the properties and functions of photoelectric and ultrasonic sensors. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class describes the various methods of reduced voltage starting and explains when each type of starter is used.
Summary: This class covers the characteristics and functions of solid state relays and motor starters. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class describes the various methods used to cause motor deceleration. It explains the situations where braking is needed and shows how braking is accomplished.
Summary: This class will describe the factors involved with motor acceleration and how they relate to each other. It will also explain how speed and acceleration are controlled in various types of electric motors.
Summary: Introduction to PLCs provides an overview of programmable logic controllers used in manufacturing. This class introduces the components of PLCs and their functions, provides basic information on the ladder logic programming language used in PLCs, and also gives an overview of common internal relay instructions used in PLC programs.Manufacturers use PLCs to control automated processes and machines. As Industry 4.0 and smart manufacturing are gaining widespread use, PLCs are more important than ever. Having a foundational knowledge of the basic functions of a PLC helps to increase productivity and efficiency.
Summary: Hardware for PLCs provides essential information on the basic functions of a PLC's hardware components and how they work together to execute a PLC program. The hardware components of a PLC are the field devices, input module, output module, central processing unit, and the power supply. The field devices are the components that perform actions in order to control a process. PLC hardware also includes peripheral devices, such as programming devices and personal computers, which allow operators to interact with the PLC and monitor programs.After taking this class, users will be familiar with PLC hardware components, basic PLC networks, and the main steps in a PLC process. Understanding PLC hardware components and how they work together to control a machine or process is essential to working with PLCs. Many industries and automated processes rely on PLCs.
Summary: This class describes the basic principles of ladder logic, identifies the symbols used to program a PLC and explains the primary logic functions those symbols create. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class explains how to convert between binary, decimal, octal, and hexadecimal number systems and describes how these systems are used to convey information for PLCs.
Summary: This class covers different types, configurations, capacities, and current conversions for PLC I/Os. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class will teach you the basics of PLC programming using ladder logic. The class will identify common PLC commands and describe how those commands can be used to program a controller.
Summary: This class explains how different types of PLC timers and counters work.
Summary: This class covers the basic principles of PLC networking and provides an introduction to some common industrial networks. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class covers the basic functions and characteristics of hand-held programmers. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class will teach you how to convert line diagrams and wiring diagrams for use with PLCs.
Summary: This class introduces how digital signals are converted into binary data and how that data is stored into various types of registers.
Summary: This class covers some of the most common program control instructions for PLCs. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class covers common mathematical functions for PLCs as well as the integer and decimal values and numeric codes involved in PLC math calculations.
Summary: This class covers sequencer instructions for PLCs.
Summary: This class covers the proper steps for planning and installing a basic PLC system. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class covers the effects of PID control in closed-loop systems as well as methods for tuning your controller in order to achieve the desired performance.
Summary: This class explains basic data moving functions and describes how and why these functions are used.
Summary: This class explains the various register shifts than can be used in a PLC.
Summary: This course covers the fundamentals and principles of Industrial Programmable Logic Controller (PLC). The focus is on how PLC's work and gives practical information on maintaining PLC systems. Students will examine the control of systems with a PLC simulator and laptops. Emphasis will be on using the PLC as a diagnostic tool for troubleshooting the processing system.
Summary: This class introduces the parts and operations of Siemens programmable logic controllers (PLCs) and describes the functions and different programming languages you will find on these PLCs.
Summary: This class describes the basic hardware components of Siemens PLCs. It also covers the methods of communication between hardware components and discusses basic guidelines for PLC installation.
Summary: This class reviews the basic types of numbers, codes, and data used by Siemens PLCs. Binary, octal, decimal, and hexadecimal numbers are covered, as well as different types of integers and scientific notation.
Summary: This class provides a comprehensive look at the techniques and devices used by Siemens PLCs to communicate with other devices.
Summary: This class covers the variety of PLC input/output modules and devices. In addition, the class discusses PLC device addressing and configuration, as well as PLC tag usage.
Summary: This class provides an overview of the different types of HMI devices and systems used by Siemens PLCs.
Summary: This class provides a brief description of the different varieties of SIMATIC PLCs and a more in-depth overview of Modular PLCs in particular.
Summary: This class discusses the basic concepts of programming Siemens PLCs. Linear and modular programming are both discussed, as well as different types of Siemens PLC engineering software and PLC program memory usage.
Summary: This class explains how basic ladder diagram programming is used to program PLCs. It examines the basic rules that are used to construct a ladder diagram program, including Boolean logic functions. It then illustrates these rules and how they relate to hard-wired circuitry by showing the various methods used to create a start-stop control application.
Summary: This class explains how function block diagram programming is used to program PLCs. It examines the basic rules that are used to construct an FBD program, including Boolean logic functions. It then illustrates these rules and how they relate to hard-wired circuitry by showing the various methods used to create a forward-reverse control application.
Summary: This class explains how ladder diagram programming is used to program timers and counters. It examines the basic rules for each type of timer and counter used in LAD programming for S7-1200 PLCs.
Summary: This class explains how function block diagram programming is used to program timers and counters. It examines the basic rules for each type of timer and counter used in FBD programming for S7-1200 PLCs.
Summary: This class describes the bit logic instructions used in a ladder diagram program. Then, it more thoroughly explains compare, math, move, convert, jump, label, word logic, shift, and rotate instructions.
Summary: This class describes the bit logic instructions used in a function block diagram program. Then, it more thoroughly explains compare, math, move, convert, jump, label, word logic, shift, and rotate instructions.
Summary: This class describes SIMATIC S7-1200 PLCs and the various S7-1200 PLC modules that make up the PLC. This class also provides an overview of the STEP 7 Basic (TIA Portal) software used to configure and program the PLC as well as the various S7-1200 integrated technologies.
Summary: This class describes SIMATIC S7-1500 PLCs and the various S7-1500 modules. This class also summarizes the capabilities of the STEP 7 Professional (TIA Portal) software used to configure and program S7-1500 PLCs.
Summary: This class describes Siemens Safety Integrated for Factory Automation, which incorporates safety technology into standard automation, significantly reducing engineering costs, ensuring reliable and efficient operation, and enabling greater availability.
Summary: This class covers basic rigging equipment, calculating loads, inspecting equipment, and following safety precautions.
Summary: This class covers the different kinds of equipment used in rigging, the properties of rope and chains, basic knots, hitches, and sling configurations, and fittings and end attachments.
Summary: This class covers the different kinds of lifting devices, moving equipment, and scaffolds used in rigging.
Summary: This class covers basic inspection and safety procedures for rigging equipment and lifting devices.
Summary: This class covers the mechanical laws involved in rigging, as well as essential practices for calculating the weight of a load and determining its center of gravity.
Summary: This class covers the functions and characteristics of the different components of an industrial robot.
Summary: This class describes the various types of end effectors and their uses. It also explains the issue of compliance and describes how to maintain end effectors.
Summary: This class covers the most common applications of industrial robots.
Summary: This class identifies common methods of industrial automation. It describes the available technologies and explains how they are applied in manufacturing.
Summary: This class will describe the most common robot axes. It will explain how to understand these axes, and how they are used to control robot movement.
Summary: This class describes the various types of sensors that provide feedback data to robots. It also explains the categories of sensors and shows how sensors are used in industrial robotics.
Summary: This class will teach you about the importance of maintenance, as well as the various approaches and methods used by maintenance workers today to keep industrial robots performing optimally.
Summary: Introduction to Robotics describes the basics of industrial robotics, including types, applications, and programming methods. Industrial robots are reprogrammable machines that can perform repetitive or dangerous tasks with a high degree of accuracy. Manufacturers increasingly use robots to perform such tasks in order to speed up production, improve part quality, and preserve operator safety. However, robots require human engineers and operators to program, maintain, repair, and oversee them.Industrial robots are highly complex machines that come in a number of types, including stationary robots and mobile robots. These robots are made of a number of intricate components that must be assembled and maintained properly. Similarly, all robots must be programmed to perform a task, and that programming can require adjusting. After taking this class, students will know the basic robot components, type, applications, and programming methods, as well as safety protocols.
Summary: Robot Safety discusses the different ways to prevent robot accidents. Robot accidents can result in serious injuries or fatalities. Most accidents occur because employees bypass the robot's safeguards.There are two kinds of safeguarding systems that protect employees from injury when working with robots. Safety devices stop a robot from operating. Presence-sensing mats, for example, end robot operations when the pressure or weight of an employee is detected. Safety barriers prevent employees from accessing or entering dangerous robot work areas. For example, perimeter fences block employee access to areas where robots are working.Employees must receive training on the robot and wear protective clothing when near the robot. The robot must be installed and maintained as intended by the manufacturer and by authorized personnel only. All robot operators require a certain level of experience and training to work with the robot
Summary: This class describes the physical components of industrial robots. It also describes how these devices move and cause motion to perform work.
Summary: This class covers the basic steps for installing and maintaining an industrial robot.
Summary: In this class, you will learn about the basic types control systems. You will also learn about the effects of PID control in closed-loop control systems and how to tune your system in order to achieve the desired performance.
Summary: This class describes how vision systems work and how they are used for industry. It also describes concerns with mounting cameras and lighting.
Summary: This class describes common ways networks are used for manufacturing. It also describes practical network concerns and indentifies some of the technology used to make industrial networks function correctly.
Summary: Robot Troubleshooting describes the systematic approach of solving issues that cause robotic malfunction. Robots are complex assemblies that have many components that may require troubleshooting, including motors, end effectors, and joints. Troubleshooting focuses on identifying the root cause of a problem rather than simply addressing the symptoms, then identifying a corrective action that will resolve the root cause.Malfunctioning robots can drastically reduce the efficiency and safety of a work space. In addition to potentially creating defective parts, damaging parts, and packing parts incorrectly, malfunctioning robots may need to be removed from service to undergo repairs, which consumes time and resources. After taking this class, users will know the basic troubleshooting process, useful troubleshooting tools, and common robotic malfunction root causes and corrective actions.
Summary: Concepts of Robot Programming introduces the methods that engineers use to train robots to perform manufacturing tasks and the ideas behind those methods. Programming methods include online programming, where robots remain active during programming, and offline programming, where programming occurs independently of robots. Ideas behind robot programming methods include coordinate systems and control programs. Robots are increasingly used in manufacturing operations to perform tasks with great speed and accuracy. Having engineers who understand how to program robots will allow manufacturers to improve the productivity, quality, and safety of a number of different manufacturing operations, including welding, assembling, and packaging. After taking this course, users will understand the ideas behind robot programming and know the basics of the most commonly used programming methods, such as teach-pendant programming and simulations.
Summary: The goal of this class, available for all robot types, is to provide students the knowledge and confidence to operate the robots using the teach pendant. Topics include: safety, operating controls, software lnstruction and program flow, jogging the robot using joystick control, and RAPID programming.
All classes available in Spanish except CLASS 2.0 coursesAll classes ONLINE except where noted