Summary: The class “Basic Measurement” offers an overview of common gaging and variable inspection tools and methods. Variable inspection takes a specific measurement using common devices such as calipers and micrometers. The sensitivity of the instrument must be greater than the measurement being taken. Both calipers and micrometers are read by finding the alignments in lines on the devices. Gages, such as gage blocks, plug gages, ring gages, and thread gages, reveal whether a dimension is acceptable or unacceptable without a specific quantity. All inspection devices should be properly mastered and maintained to retain accuracy.
One of the fundamental activities of any shop is the measurement of part features. Consistent measurement and inspection maintains standardization and ensures that out-of-tolerance parts do not reach customers. After taking this class, users should be able to describe the use and care of common inspection instruments and gages used in the production environment.
Summary: The class “Calibration Fundamentals” provides a basic introduction to the importance of calibrating measuring instruments. Calibration determines the accuracy of measuring instruments by comparing its value to a higher-level measurement standard, usually a working standard gage block. Measurement standards follow a hierarchy consisting of primary, secondary, and working standards. Traceability links these standards together. Measurement uncertainty estimates the accuracy of a measurement. It is the range in which the true value of a measurement is expected to lie.
High-accuracy parts require tight tolerances. Tighter tolerances require higher-accuracy measuring instruments. While uncertainty and error exists in every measurement, careful calibration can help to minimize inaccuracy when inspecting parts with measuring instruments. After taking this class, users should be able to explain how calibration and traceability impact the use and care of inspection devices.
Summary: “Basics of Tolerance” provides a comprehensive overview on part tolerancing, including different types of tolerances and the relationship between tolerances and part dimensions. Every manufactured part must meet certain specifications. Tolerances describe the range of acceptable measurements in which a part can still perform its intended function. Tolerance ranges typically describe a linear measurement. Surface texture can require a certain tolerance as well. Tolerances attempt to balance the use of a product with the cost required to produce that product.Improper tolerancing can result in parts that do not function in the way they were intended or parts produced with dimensions that are more precise than necessary, adding unwanted cost to production. After the class, users will be able to describe common methods used for part tolerancing, as well as the impact tolerances have on part production and quality.
Summary: The class “Blueprint Reading” provides a thorough understanding of blueprints and how to read them. Blueprints are documents that contain three major elements: the drawing, dimensions, and notes. The drawing illustrates the views of the part necessary to show its features. Together, the extension and dimension lines on the drawing indicate dimensions and specific tolerance information of each feature. The notes contain administrative and global information about the part. A blueprint contains all instructions and requirements necessary to manufacture and inspect a part.An understanding of how to read a blueprint is critical to manufacture and inspect parts to accurate specifications. Accurate blueprint creation helps to ensure that finished parts will function in a way that meets the original intent. After taking this class, users should be able to read a basic blueprint and determine the critical features on a part that need to be measured.
Summary: The class “Hole Standards and Inspection” provides a comprehensive introduction to hole inspection using contact instruments. Hole inspection ensures that a hole will meet its proper job specifications, including fit, diameter, roundness, and condition. Gaging instruments, like pin and plug gages, determine fit. Variable instruments determine size and must make three points of contact to find out-of-round conditions. Variable instruments may be mechanical, electronic, optical, or pneumatic. More complex handheld devices include telescoping gages, split-ball gages, calipers, inside micrometers, and bore gages.
Job specifications, environmental concerns, and economic issues all determine which hole inspection device to use. Choosing the wrong tool could result in an out-of-tolerance hole passing inspection. After taking this class, users should be able to explain how to measure common hole features with plug gages, pin gages, and calipers and verify they are within tolerance.
Summary: "Thread Standards and Inspection" explains the various parts of threads and how to inspect them. Manufacturers inspect threads according to unified or ISO standards or using System 21, System 22, and System 23. Several features must be checked to make sure that threads meet specifications. Gaging inspection tools, or go/no-go gages, simply determine whether or not a part will fit. Variable thread inspection tools determine whether a thread falls within a specified tolerance range. Thread type and specifications affect the tools used to inspect threads.Understanding the various components and classifications used to identify threads is critical for accurate inspection. After the class, the user will be able to explain how to measure common threaded features with internal and external thread gages and verify the features are within tolerance.
Summary: "Introduction to Mechanical Properties" provides a thorough introduction to key mechanical properties, such as tensile strength, hardness, ductility, and impact resistance. This class discusses how shear, compression, and tensile stress impact a material's properties, how force is shown on a stress-strain graph, and common methods manufacturers use to test a material's strength.
To make quality products, manufacturers must anticipate how a material responds to shaping and cutting forces and understand how that material will ultimately function once it reaches the customer. Evaluating a material's mechanical and physical properties is the first step to choosing reliable tooling and processing methods. After taking Introduction to Mechanical Properties, users will know more about hardness, ductility, and strength, what materials exhibit these characteristics, and common methods a facility might use to test these qualities.
Summary: The class "Math Fundamentals" covers basic arithmetic operations, including addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Additionally, it introduces the concept of negative numbers and integers. The class concludes with an overview of the order of operations and grouping symbols.Basic mathematical operations are the foundations upon which all math relies. Mastery of these foundational tasks will ease a student into more complicated mathematics, such as algebra and geometry, both of which are commonly used in a variety of manufacturing environments.
Summary: "Math: Fractions and Decimals" provides the methods used to perform basic mathematical operations using fractions, decimals, and percentages. The class covers addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division with fractions and decimals. It also discusses conversions between fractions, decimals, mixed numbers, and improper fractions.Almost any manufacturing print uses fractions and decimals in its measurements. Knowing how to handle these numbers and convert between them is an essential part of the basic skills needed to work in a manufacturing environment.
Summary: The class “Units of Measurement” provides a thorough explanation of the English and Metric systems and how conversion between them occurs. The common base units of measurement are length, area, volume, mass, and temperature. The English system uses inches, feet, yards, and miles to measure length, while the Metric system uses the meter, millimeter, centimeter, and kilometer. Metric conversion requires simply knowing the equivalent number of units and moving the decimal point accordingly. When converting between Metric and English units, use a reference chart, multiply, or divide, depending on the conversion.
Units of measurement are used every day in a production environment. Converting between units is often required, especially for businesses dealing internationally. After taking this class, users should be able to perform calculations involving common English units, metric units, and conversions between the two systems.
Summary: The class Geometry: Lines and Angles discusses the basic building blocks of all geometry: the line and the angle. Every print used in manufacturing is composed of lines and angles which must be interpreted to manufacture the depicted part. Though part geometry can be incredibly complex, all geometric prints can be broken down into simpler lines and angles. The relationships between the various angles formed when lines intersect can be used to solve geometry problems and interpret blueprints.
An understanding of lines and angles is fundamental to learning and applying geometry as well as trigonometry and calculus. After taking this class, users should have a grasp on the types of lines and angles used in geometry, the angles that are formed by intersecting lines, and tranversals. An understanding of the basics of geometry is necessary in various fields including inspection, part program applications, and other important areas of manufacturing.
Summary: The class "Geometry: Triangles" discusses triangles and the specific mathematical operations unique to them. While the triangle is a very basic shape, it can be found as a part of more complex shapes. Triangles are often used as the basic shapes that compose three-dimensional CAD designs. Right triangles also form the basis of trigonometry. Since triangles are so commonly used, an understanding of the types of triangles and the methods for calculating missing information from them is essential to users.After taking this class, users will be able to categorize triangles by their sides and angles, calculate missing angles based on the measurements of other angles, and determine the area of a triangle.
Summary: "Geometry: Circles and Polygons" covers the specifics of geometry involving circles and polygons with any number of sides. The class includes a discussion on the internal angles of a circle as well as the method to calculate the circumference and area of a circle. Additionally, this class covers the calculation of missing angles in any polygonCircles and polygons, along with triangles, are the basic building blocks of any geometric figure. Knowledge of the calculations and uses of circles and polygons can prove useful when working with prints in any number of manufacturing capacities.
Summary: The class "Trigonometry: Sine, Cosine, and Tangent" discusses the three basic ratios that are the basis for trigonometry. Trigonometry is based on the specific relationships between the sides and angles of right triangles. Using trigonometry, a person can determine the missing angle and side measurements of a right triangle based on the information present in a drawing.
Although solving trigonometric ratios often requires a calculator, users must know which ratios to apply to a particular problem and how to calculate them. In situations where parts are being manufactured, this knowledge is crucial to effective production of parts that require specific dimensions and angles.After taking this class, a user should be able to define the various trigonometric ratios, and use them to solve various problems, including calculating a taper angle on a print.
Summary: To better define a product, geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) is often used as a symbolic way of showing specific tolerances on drawings. GD&T is a valuable language that communicates the design intent to manufacturing and inspection. It is governed by the technical standard ASME Y14.5-2009. This course covers all aspects of GD&T. In addition to learning the theory, participants will see numerous examples that demonstrate specific applications. Participants are welcome to bring sample prints to the class for discussion or private consultation.
Summary: "Intro to OSHA" provides an introduction to the purpose of OSHA and how its standards and guidelines affect employers and employees. Most U.S. workplaces are covered by OSHA, and its existence has greatly improved workplace safety. Some industries are not covered by OSHA, however, and some states have safety programs that take the place of OSHA. OSHA standards are enforceable by law. Compliance with OSHA standards is enforced by inspections and record keeping, which have specific steps and requirements. Employers and employees have different rights and responsibilities regarding OSHA standards.
Both employers and employees benefit from basic knowledge about OSHA's purpose, standards, and practices. Violations of OSHA standards are punishable by law and render the workplace unsafe for all personnel. A basic awareness of the standards, rights, and responsibilities will help employees to bolster workplace safety as well as keep the workplace legally compliant.
Summary: The class “Personal Protective Equipment 111” introduces the purpose and uses of personal protective equipment (PPE). As defined by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), PPE minimizes exposure to hazards and helps prevent injury. PPE is available in several types, designs, and materials to suit a range of workplace conditions and hazards. PPE may be categorized by the area of the body it protects. Every employer is responsible for providing the appropriate PPE for employees who require it, and it is every employee’s responsibility to properly wear and use PPE correctly. In order to select appropriate PPE, employers must first evaluate the workplace with a hazard assessment.After taking this class, users should be able to identify several common types of PPE, as well as the hazards and conditions associated with each type. Proper knowledge and use of PPE can greatly improve workplace safety.
Summary: In the class "Noise Reduction and Hearing Conservation," students will learn about the effects of sound and noise on the body and how to protect themselves from related injuries. Occupational hearing loss is preventable through hearing conservation.The two main types of hearing loss are conductive hearing loss and sensorineural hearing loss. Hearing loss may be caused by excess noise, hereditary factors, certain drugs, or illnesses. When excessive noise is present, employees must be provided with hearing protection. Using proper hearing protection will help ensure that ears remain capable of detecting important and subtle sound changes.Students enrolled in this course will learn various ways to protect their hearing and why preventative measures should be taken to avoid hearing damage. They will be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding noise levels and hearing conservation and the impact had on daily operations in the workplace.
Summary: "Lockout/Tagout Procedures" details the OSHA requirements and best practices for preventing accidental startup during maintenance and repair. It addresses electrical power and the many other forms of energy that a machine or device may use. All forms of energy must be successfully restrained or dissipated in order for safe maintenance. "Lockout/Tagout Procedures" describes using a lockout device that prevents unauthorized access of the energy-isolating mechanism. OSHA has strict requirements for lockout and tagout devices, which must be standardized, easily recognized warning signs. Users will learn OSHA's specific steps for all parts of the control of hazardous energy, from shutdown to startup, including defining authorized vs. affected employees.Following proper lockout/tagout procedures is essential to preventing employee injuries and fatalities. All employees must be familiar with lockout/tagout in order to prevent the dangers of accidental machine startup.
Summary: "SDS and Hazard Communication" focuses on communication methods about hazardous workplace substances and how they increase employee awareness and safety. Education, labeling, data collection, testing, and other communication methods detail the dangers of specific chemicals and offer methods of protection from physical and health hazards. OSHA requires that employers establish a written hazard communication program to communicate employee responsibilities, standard implementation, chemical hazards, and safety measures. Hazard communication programs must include a chemical inventory, specific labeling, SDS for each individual chemical, and training.After taking this class, users will be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding hazardous materials and SDS and their impact on daily workplace operations. Understanding these regulations is critical in maintaining workplace safety and efficient operation.
Summary: The class “Bloodborne Pathogens” explains the nature of common bloodborne pathogens and how to handle exposure in the workplace. A bloodborne pathogen is a microorganism present in human blood that can cause disease. Common pathogens include HIV, which causes AIDS, HBV, which causes hepatitis B, and HCV, which causes hepatitis C. Exposure to blood can occur in the workplace through work-related tasks and procedures, through accidents, or by administering first aid. To avoid exposure, workers should observe the universal precautions recommended by the CDC. Employers are required by OSHA to implement controls to minimize exposures in the workplace.Employees who understand how to protect themselves from bloodborne pathogen exposure make the workplace safer for everyone and benefit their employer. After taking this class, users should be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding bloodborne pathogens and how they impact day-to-day operations in the workplace.
Summary: "Walking and Working Surfaces" will inform employees of the ways they can decrease the risks of injury and death regarding walking and working surfaces by following the guidelines as provided by OSHA. Hazards exist when people or objects may fall from one level to another through various openings such as floor and wall openings, floor and wall holes, platforms, or runways. All openings must be guarded by devices such as railings, covers, and toeboards. Standards regarding the construction, dimension, and usage of stairs, ladders, scaffolding, and manually propelled ladder stands are also set by OSHA. Failing to use and maintain walking and working surfaces correctly can result in serious injury. After taking this course, employees will be able to describe OSHA regulations covering safe practices with walking and working surfaces and how following those regulations will positively impact daily operations in the workplace.
Summary: The class “Fire Safety and Prevention” examines common workplace fire safety procedures. Fires, no matter how small, should be reported immediately. Buildings are equipped with extinguishing systems that actuate an alarm and discharge an extinguishing agent to control advanced stage fires. Portable fire extinguishers are available for extinguishing incipient stage fires using the P.A.S.S. technique. Employees not authorized to fight the fire should evacuate immediately.
Employers should create an emergency action plan that dictates the procedures to be carried out in the event of an emergency. In the event of a fire, employees should stay calm, follow procedures, and go directly to assembly areas. Employers must account for all employees and provide first aid until medical services arrive. After taking this class, users will be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding fire safety and how they impact day-to-day operations in the workplace.
Summary: The class “Hand and Power Tool Safety” provides guidelines for the safe use of common hand and power tools. Employees should never remove any safety guards from a tool’s point of operation unless authorized. Tools must be regularly cleaned and maintained, and all blades must be kept sharp. The worksite must be kept organized, clean, and dry. All tool applications require PPE, including eye and other protection. Before working, employees must consult the owner's manual and be familiar with how the tool functions. Employees must also use the right tool for the job and follow the work practices that are specific to each type of tool.When employees use proper safety guidelines when handling hand and power tools, their employers benefit from reduced accidents on the job and lowered costs caused by work-related injuries. Safe handling of tools also increases work quality. After taking this class, users should be able to describe the safe use and care of hand and power tools.
Summary: "Safety for Lifting Devices" covers the different pieces of lifting equipment that may be used in the workplace and the safest ways to work with those pieces of equipment. Overhead cranes and hoists are used for lifting heavy loads. Other lifting devices include slings, portable lifting stands, gantry cranes, and derricks. Extra equipment is necessary to secure loads to lifting devices. This equipment must be inspected daily for excessive wear and damage.
Understanding how to maintain and operate lifting devices will allow future operators and employers to work with lifting devices safely and effectively. After taking this class, students will be able to describe the proper steps necessary to safely lift and transport materials within the work environment.
Summary: "Powered Industrial Truck Safety" provides an overview of safety topics related to forklifts and other PITs. OSHA has many standards surrounding the use of PITs in the workplace for operators, non-operators, attended vehicles, and unattended vehicles. OSHA also has detailed training requirements for PIT operators. To safely operate a PIT, operators must understand basic principles of stability, including the concepts of a fulcrum and centers of gravity. Operators must also be aware of the weight and shape of loads and what individual vehicles are capable of handling.Powered industrial trucks are a common source of workplace accidents, so a strong knowledge of how to safely operate and work with PITs is crucial for any environment where they are used. PIT accidents can lead to property and inventory damage as well as employee injury. Operators should know how to avoid OSHA violations and how to handle a load without tipping the vehicle.
Summary: "ISO 9000 Overview" provides an introduction to the key components and requirements of ISO 9001:2008. This class discusses the standard's eight sections, along with describing the role of a Quality Management System (QMS) and ISO 9001:2008's connection to other standards in the ISO 9000 series. "ISO 9000 Overview" also outlines the steps to registration, the auditing process, and the importance of continuous improvement.
ISO 9001:2008 is an internationally recognized standard that outlines the requirements of an effective, organized quality system. Many organizations are becoming ISO 9001:2008 certified to prove their commitment to product quality and customer service. Although streamlining documentation and implementing change can be a challenge, ISO 9001:2008 can create a more goal-oriented, connected, and efficient organization. This class helps new practitioners familiarize themselves with ISO 9001:2008's structure, content, and purpose in quality management.
Summary: This course is designed to teach the basic tools used in a lean culture when problem solving. The course is designed around a factory simulation where the participants will learn how to apply lean tools in a hands-on manner. Each participant will be responsible for tracking performance through visual factory methods. As the day progresses, lean tools are taught and applied to the process. This class is the first stage in an organization’s lean transformation. It is designed to bring all levels of the organization together in a fun and fast-pace exercise, where rank and file is left outside the room. This class should be used to help create a hunger and a passion for continuous improvement. Participants will leave excited to go to the next stage of the transformation.
Summary: Lean concepts have been adopted by many successful manufacturing companies as a way to reduce costs, satisfy customers, and increase profitability. The process of "becoming lean" may mean a company-wide transformation from current operating style. This course offers a methodology for linking the goals and metrics of a project or initiative to a company's strategic goals and metrics and provides the basis for tracking the effectiveness of lean initiatives.
Summary: Measurement, Inspection, and Gaging Level 1 provides fundamental lessons in proper interpretation of engineering drawings used in inspection of parts which have geometric controls applied per ANSI Y14.5. This course presents methods for developing and improving inspection skills. Through review of technical reports, examination of standards and evaluation, recommendation and incorporation of measurement equipment manufacturers practices, participants will learn how to optimize inspection equipment and reduce inappropriate measurement procedures.