Summary: "Basic Cutting Theory" provides an introductory overview of metal cutting theory and chip formation. The most fundamental aspect of cutting theory is the use of a cutting tool to remove material in the form of chips. Cutting tools can be divided into single-point tools, commonly used on the lathe, and multi-point tools, commonly used in milling and holemaking. The shape and type of chip created by cutting indicates whether or not cutting conditions are optimized. Adjusting tool angles and cutting variables has the largest effect on chip creation and cutting conditions.Understanding how chips are formed and what factors change or optimize chip formation is essential to performing an effective metal cutting operation. Chip formation affects surface finish, part quality, and tool life, and thus has a large effect on manufacturing economy.
Summary: "Speed and Feed for the Lathe" provides a thorough explanation of cutting variables for lathe operations, including how these variables are measured, selected, and set. Many variables affect speed and feed selection, especially the type of cutting operation, tool material, and workpiece material. The class covers speed and feed selection for both manual and CNC machines.The proper selection of speed and feed is necessary to maximize tool life, productivity, and surface finish. Understanding cutting variables reduces tool wear, damage to machine components, and scrapped parts.
Summary: "Speed and Feed for the Mill" provides a thorough explanation of cutting variables for mill operations, including how these variables are measured, selected, and set. Many variables affect speed and feed selection, primarily the type of cutting operation, tool material, and workpiece material. This class covers speed and feed selection for both manual and CNC machines.The proper selection of speed and feed is necessary to maximize tool life, productivity, and surface finish quality. Without an understanding of cutting variables, tools will wear prematurely, machine components will sustain increased wear and tear, and the number of scrap parts produced will increase.
Summary: "Cutting Tool Materials" provides an in-depth discussion of various cutting tool materials and their properties. Effective cutting tools combine a handful of valuable properties: hardness, toughness, and wear resistance. Cutting material selection is based primarily on the workpiece material, machine tool, and cutting operation, and involves an appropriate balance of properties. Available cutting tool materials have expanded and improved over the years, ranging from the very tough and inexpensive to the very hard and expensive. Other tool modifications, such as heat treatment and tool coatings, can also improve cutting tools.Selecting the proper cutting tool material is essential for a successful machining operation. The tool material dictates the material removal rate, surface finish and tolerance, and expense to the manufacturer in the form of reduced scrap, extended tool life, production rates, and part quality.
Summary: "Carbide Grade Selection" describes the different carbide tool grades and explains how to select the proper grade for a cutting operation. Carbide grades are classified by two systems. The ANSI C-system lists grades of C1 through C8. The ISO classification system designates carbide grades as P, M, and K, followed by a number that further describes the qualities of the carbide. Carbide grade is often dependent on the type of metal used: tungsten, titanium, or tantalum. Grades have different levels of hardness, toughness, and wear resistance. Coating carbide tools can increase wear resistance and part quality.Selecting the correct carbide grade is essential for decreasing manufacturing costs while maximizing tool life, part quality, and production rate. After taking this class, users will be able to identify the different carbide grades and select the proper grade for a particular cutting operation.
Summary: "Lean Manufacturing Overview" provides an introduction to the principles and terminology of lean strategies, including a discussion of the seven forms of waste, the definition of value-added, the difference between push and pull systems, and the importance of continuous improvement. This class also highlights other quality concepts, such as single minute exchange of dies (SMED), inventory reduction, and Five S.Lean manufacturing approaches help companies optimize their processes through organization and waste reduction. Although change can be a challenge, more efficient, streamlined processes will ultimately lead to improved customer satisfaction. This class outlines the foundational concepts and vocabulary that every practitioner needs when beginning, or continuing, a lean initiative.
Summary: "Five S Overview" provides a thorough introduction to the purpose and process of 5S quality initiatives. This class includes separate discussions on each of the five steps, along with information on challenges, advantages, and possible assessment tools.Many companies implement quality initiatives to improve operations and eliminate waste. 5S is a quality method that promotes organization, efficiency, and team work through several sequential steps. After completing this class, users will understand the value of each 5S step and be better equipped to execute and evaluate 5S.
Summary: “Troubleshooting” provides a comprehensive overview of various methods and tools used to troubleshoot problems. Troubleshooting often involves finding the root cause of a problem and being able to distinguish deviations from problems and early warning signs from warning signs. Many tools are used to collect and interpret troubleshooting data, including check sheets, fishbone diagrams, and Pareto charts. The 5 Why technique, brainstorming, documentation, and troubleshooting teams are common methods of gathering troubleshooting data. Troubleshooting teams gather data in order to find possible solutions. Teams must test solutions to make sure they offer long-term results.Troubleshooting is an extremely important skill for all areas of industry. The information provided in this class prepares students to solve problems and understand how to work to prevent them in many different settings. Without this knowledge, students would not be able to solve problems effectively.
Summary: This multi-day course is designed to have the participant learn how to problem-solve in a team environment through the use of Lean thinking. Using the principles of Lean, participants will work together to plan and implement improvements to a defined topic. Scope and boundaries will be established; the team will attack the issues until resolution is implemented. Most companies do not have enough time to effectively problem-solve, so “band aid” improvements are made. In Lean, kaizen is a way to use cross-functional resources in short periods—or bursts of dedicated time—to effectively improve processes. Kaizen is an intense, well-defined event used to help organizations problem-solve with a systematic approach. The approach utilizes people in a dynamic and fast-pace environment and usually at the origin of the issue being improved. Kaizen techniques utilize many different Lean tools such as line balancing, time observations, SMED, Value Stream Mapping, 5S techniques, and DMAIC.
Summary: "Grinding Processes" provides a comprehensive overview of the various types of grinding used in modern manufacturing environments. Surface, cylindrical, centerless, and internal grinding processes are commonly used for workpieces of various shapes. Surface grinding is further distinguished by whether the table is rotary or reciprocating, and whether the spindle is vertically or horizontally oriented. Cylindrical grinding is distinguished by workholding, whether center-type or chucking-type. Centerless grinding can be either throughfeed or infeed, and internal grinding can be done on a cylindrical or centerless grinder.A foundational knowledge of the different types of grinding, including how they operate and what types of workpieces they are appropriate for, is necessary for any further learning or training in grinding. This class introduces students to the various types of grinding that they may encounter, describing both machine tools and movements.
Summary: "Basic Grinding Theory" provides an overview of the general process of grinding . Grinding occurs at the point of contact between an abrasive wheel and a workpiece. Like any other cutting process, grinding removes material in the form of chips. In order for a wheel to grind properly, its abrasive grains must wear and self-sharpen at a consistent rate. Otherwise, wheel problems such as loading and glazing may occur. Truing and dressing wheels and applying grinding fluids can fix or prevent these issues.An understanding of grinding wheels and processes allows operators to perform grinding operations effectively and recognize and address any grinding wheel problems that may occur. This understanding and recognition will improve the accuracy, precision, and overall success of grinding operations, reducing scrap parts and increasing productivity.
Summary: The class "Surface Grinder Operation" provides step-by-step guidelines on how to grind a rectangular workpiece. Grinding each side of a workpiece requires wheel dressing and other preparatory steps, and then roughing and finishing passes. Workpiece sides are numbered from 1 to 6 in order to track which sides must be ground perpendicular or parallel to one another. Some workpieces require special considerations, such as mounting on an angle plate or grinding at an angle.In order to perform successful surface grinding operations, operators must have a solid foundational knowledge of proper grinding methods. This class provides the practical steps and considerations for surface grinding a part from start to finish, which gives operators an understanding of grinding before ever turning on the machine. This will speed up the time it takes for new operators to learn surface grinding, and reduce user errors.
Summary: "Cylindrical Grinder Operation" provides a detailed overview of the steps needed to perform the various types of operations possible on a cylindrical grinder. Operations performed on the cylindrical grinder include plunge, traverse, center-type, chucking-type, ID, profile, and taper grinding. Different steps and considerations must be taken in order to perform each type of operation, including setting the grinding variables and using the appropriate machine components and controls.In order to perform successful cylindrical grinding operations, operators must have a solid foundational knowledge of proper grinding methods. This class provides the practical steps and considerations for cylindrical grinding various workpieces from start to finish, which gives operators an understanding of grinding before ever turning on the machine.
Summary: "Grinding Variables" provides a detailed overview of the different variables involved in any given grinding operation. The parameters of any grinding operation, including tolerances and surface finish, guide the variables of the operation. Variables that can affect the operation's outcome include wheel and workpiece materials, the G-Ratio, the effects of heat and grinding fluid, and the various applicable speeds and feeds.It is crucial that grinding machine operators are aware of how to adjust variables to meet specifications. Adjusting any one variable affects all others, and an incorrect variable can be the difference between a successful grinding operation and a scrapped part. Understanding grinding variables and their impact is essential to reducing manufacturing costs and increasing quality.
Summary: "Grinding Wheel Materials" provides a detailed overview of the various abrasive and bond materials used in grinding wheels. The properties of the abrasive grains and bond material are important factors in any grinding operation. Abrasives vary not only in type but also in size, hardness, and friability. Bond material can vary in porosity, strength, and amount. These materials, when combined, can greatly affect material removal rates and surface finish. "Grinding Wheel Materials" details various abrasive and bond properties, in addition to superabrasives and ANSI nomenclature.When undertaking a grinding operation, the ability to select the correct grinding wheel is crucial to a successful outcome. The wrong grinding wheel can slow production, ruin surface finish, or otherwise fail to create a usable part. A working knowledge of grinding wheel materials will help to ensure high quality, high productivity, and low scrap rates.
Summary: "Dressing and Truing" provides a guide to performing necessary grinding wheel preparations. Prior to using a grinding wheel, operators must visually inspect the wheel and perform a ring test to check for cracks, and then safely mount, true, balance, and dress the wheel. Each process has specific guidelines or goals, and each step is vital to the success of a grinding operation.To perform dressing and truing properly, operators must first understand the wheel preparation process and its overall purpose. Mounting, truing, balancing, and dressing are crucial to the performance of the grinding wheel and to part quality. Improper dressing or truing can lead to poor surface finish, improper tolerances, scrapped parts, and wheel failure.
Summary: “Grinding Wheel Geometry” provides an overview of common grinding wheel geometries according to American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards. ANSI standards provide a common language for grinding wheels, including letter designations for each part of the wheel, as well as guidelines for wheel design and usage. Most grinding wheels are one of eight basic types that are variations of straight and cup wheels. The variations come from different wheel features, such as reliefs and recesses, which make them suitable for grinding different part shapes.Selecting and using the best grinding wheel for an operation requires an understanding of wheel geometry. After taking this class, users should be able to describe common wheel geometries and the applications appropriate for each.
Summary: “Creating a CNC Milling Program” illustrates the process of creating a part program for a CNC mill. Writing the part program is only one step in the process of creating a part. The toolpaths created within a part program depend upon the sequence of operations necessary to machine a part. Different G code programming codes perform the different tasks within the part program, from setting speed and feed to activating rapid positioning. Canned cycles and subprograms help to short the length of part programs.All programs need to be checked by proving out. Programming and how it relates to the axes on a CNC mill are critical for a programmer to successfully create a part program that produces accurate parts. After taking this class, users should be able to describe how to write a part program that machines a basic rectangular part on the CNC mill.
Summary: "Calculations for Programming the Mill" provides an in-depth explanation of the various calculations necessary to program toolpaths on a CNC mill or machining center for a variety of common operations. Common CNC milling operations covered in this class are face milling, pocket milling, milling full and partial arcs, and holemaking. Important concepts for programming these toolpaths include step-over, approach distance, trigonometry, and boxing routines, as well as some of G codes."Calculations for Programming the Mill" details the calculations necessary to program a CNC mill. After taking this class, users will be able to understand and perform most basic CNC mill operations.
Summary: “Canned Cycles for the Lathe” provides an overview of standard canned cycles used on CNC lathes. A canned cycle is a repeatable section of a part program that acts as a programming shortcut for common cutting operations. Canned cycles reduce errors and decrease programming time. CNC controls typically offer standard canned cycles, manufacturer cycles, and customized cycles. CNC lathe and turning center canned cycles include holemaking cycles, simple turning and facing cycles, and the more complex multiple repetitive cycles.Canned cycles are used in a vast majority of part programs. To create, edit, or monitor part programs, programmers and operators must know how canned cycles work and how to program them. After taking this class, users should be able to describe the standard canned cycles available on common CNC lathes and turning centers.
Summary: “Canned Cycles for the Mill” provides an overview of the standard canned cycles used on CNC mills. A canned cycle is a repeatable block in a part program that acts as a programming shortcut for common cutting operations. CNC controls typically offer standard canned cycles, manufacturer cycles, and customized cycles. Most CNC mills offer holemaking canned cycles and some also offer milling-specific canned cycles, such as rough facing or pocket milling cycles.Canned cycles are used in a vast majority of part programs. To create, edit, or monitor part programs, part programmers and operators must know how canned cycles work and how to program them. After taking this class, users should be able to describe the standard canned cycles available on common CNC mills and machining centers.
Summary: This introductory course presents the practical basics for learning how to use the latest CNC equipment. By incorporating a proven "key concepts" approach, it examines the techniques needed for programming and operating a variety of CNC machine tools with emphasis on CNC machining and turning centers. You will gain a firm understanding of the basics required to become proficient with this sophisticated and popular form of manufacturing equipment.
Summary: The class “Basic Measurement” offers an overview of common gaging and variable inspection tools and methods. Variable inspection takes a specific measurement using common devices such as calipers and micrometers. The sensitivity of the instrument must be greater than the measurement being taken. Both calipers and micrometers are read by finding the alignments in lines on the devices. Gages, such as gage blocks, plug gages, ring gages, and thread gages, reveal whether a dimension is acceptable or unacceptable without a specific quantity. All inspection devices should be properly mastered and maintained to retain accuracy.
One of the fundamental activities of any shop is the measurement of part features. Consistent measurement and inspection maintains standardization and ensures that out-of-tolerance parts do not reach customers. After taking this class, users should be able to describe the use and care of common inspection instruments and gages used in the production environment.
Summary: The class “Calibration Fundamentals” provides a basic introduction to the importance of calibrating measuring instruments. Calibration determines the accuracy of measuring instruments by comparing its value to a higher-level measurement standard, usually a working standard gage block. Measurement standards follow a hierarchy consisting of primary, secondary, and working standards. Traceability links these standards together. Measurement uncertainty estimates the accuracy of a measurement. It is the range in which the true value of a measurement is expected to lie.
High-accuracy parts require tight tolerances. Tighter tolerances require higher-accuracy measuring instruments. While uncertainty and error exists in every measurement, careful calibration can help to minimize inaccuracy when inspecting parts with measuring instruments. After taking this class, users should be able to explain how calibration and traceability impact the use and care of inspection devices.
Summary: “Basics of Tolerance” provides a comprehensive overview on part tolerancing, including different types of tolerances and the relationship between tolerances and part dimensions. Every manufactured part must meet certain specifications. Tolerances describe the range of acceptable measurements in which a part can still perform its intended function. Tolerance ranges typically describe a linear measurement. Surface texture can require a certain tolerance as well. Tolerances attempt to balance the use of a product with the cost required to produce that product.Improper tolerancing can result in parts that do not function in the way they were intended or parts produced with dimensions that are more precise than necessary, adding unwanted cost to production. After the class, users will be able to describe common methods used for part tolerancing, as well as the impact tolerances have on part production and quality.
Summary: The class “Blueprint Reading” provides a thorough understanding of blueprints and how to read them. Blueprints are documents that contain three major elements: the drawing, dimensions, and notes. The drawing illustrates the views of the part necessary to show its features. Together, the extension and dimension lines on the drawing indicate dimensions and specific tolerance information of each feature. The notes contain administrative and global information about the part. A blueprint contains all instructions and requirements necessary to manufacture and inspect a part.An understanding of how to read a blueprint is critical to manufacture and inspect parts to accurate specifications. Accurate blueprint creation helps to ensure that finished parts will function in a way that meets the original intent. After taking this class, users should be able to read a basic blueprint and determine the critical features on a part that need to be measured.
Summary: The class “Hole Standards and Inspection” provides a comprehensive introduction to hole inspection using contact instruments. Hole inspection ensures that a hole will meet its proper job specifications, including fit, diameter, roundness, and condition. Gaging instruments, like pin and plug gages, determine fit. Variable instruments determine size and must make three points of contact to find out-of-round conditions. Variable instruments may be mechanical, electronic, optical, or pneumatic. More complex handheld devices include telescoping gages, split-ball gages, calipers, inside micrometers, and bore gages.
Job specifications, environmental concerns, and economic issues all determine which hole inspection device to use. Choosing the wrong tool could result in an out-of-tolerance hole passing inspection. After taking this class, users should be able to explain how to measure common hole features with plug gages, pin gages, and calipers and verify they are within tolerance.
Summary: "Thread Standards and Inspection" explains the various parts of threads and how to inspect them. Manufacturers inspect threads according to unified or ISO standards or using System 21, System 22, and System 23. Several features must be checked to make sure that threads meet specifications. Gaging inspection tools, or go/no-go gages, simply determine whether or not a part will fit. Variable thread inspection tools determine whether a thread falls within a specified tolerance range. Thread type and specifications affect the tools used to inspect threads.Understanding the various components and classifications used to identify threads is critical for accurate inspection. After the class, the user will be able to explain how to measure common threaded features with internal and external thread gages and verify the features are within tolerance.
Summary: This class introduces the fundamental concepts of geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) and describes the main types of tolerances included in the standard. This class references the 1994 standard. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: This class explains important rules of GD&T and also describes how common features are specified in GD&T prints. This class references the 1994 standard. Includes an Interactive Lab.
Summary: "Introduction to Mechanical Properties" provides a thorough introduction to key mechanical properties, such as tensile strength, hardness, ductility, and impact resistance. This class discusses how shear, compression, and tensile stress impact a material's properties, how force is shown on a stress-strain graph, and common methods manufacturers use to test a material's strength.
To make quality products, manufacturers must anticipate how a material responds to shaping and cutting forces and understand how that material will ultimately function once it reaches the customer. Evaluating a material's mechanical and physical properties is the first step to choosing reliable tooling and processing methods. After taking Introduction to Mechanical Properties, users will know more about hardness, ductility, and strength, what materials exhibit these characteristics, and common methods a facility might use to test these qualities.
Summary: “Electrical Units” provides a foundational overview of electricity, including fundamental measures and terminology used to discuss electricity. Electricity is the flow of electrons, which are negatively charged particles. The amount of valence electrons in an atom determines how well it allows electricity to flow. There are two types of electricity, alternating current and direct current, but both flow from negative to positive. Current is measured by certain terms, including amperage, voltage, resistance, and wattage. Ohm’s Law and Watt’s Law describe the relationships between these values in a circuit.When working with electrical systems, knowing how electricity flows and what different terms mean is very important. After taking this class, users should be familiar with the fundamentals of electricity and the vocabulary used to describe it. This enables users to build an understanding of more advanced electrical concepts and discuss them with the correct terminology.
Summary: "Safety for Electrical Work” provides an overview of the risks of working with electricity, as well as safety precautions Electricity can cause shock, burns, and fires. Electric shock occurs when current passes through a person's body. Overheating electrical components can cause burns and fires. To prevent electrical injuries, circuits and components must be properly grounded and maintained and employees must observe lockout/tagout practices and wear the appropriate personal protective equipment.Employees must understand and practice precautionary and preventative measures in order to safely and effectively work with electricity. After completing this course, users will be able to describe the best practices for maintaining safety and preventing injury while working with electrical systems.
Summary: “Introduction to Mechanical Systems” provides a foundational overview of mechanical systems. Simple machines, such as the lever, incline planed, and wheel, are the building blocks of even the most complex mechanical systems. Both simple and complex machines manipulate mechanical forces, including distance and friction, in order to achieve mechanical advantage.Understanding how simple machines work is essential to understanding and working with any type of machinery. This includes being familiar with each type of simple machine as well as its components, function, and mechanical advantage, all of which serve as the basis for understanding advanced mechanical topics. Without the foundational information presented in this class, users will not be prepared to study more complex aspects of mechanical systems.
Summary: The class “Safety for Mechanical Work” provides a comprehensive overview of the safety hazards associated with working on any mechanical system, including the possibility for falls, fires, electrocution, or crushing injuries when entering a machine. In addition, contact with certain machine fluids can cause skin and eye irritation. Many machines require machine guards because the operator works in close proximity with the point of operation and moving components. Injuries often occur when operators start machines without knowing that someone is performing maintenance.After taking the class, a user should be able to demonstrate awareness of and follow proper safety protocols while working on machines. Being aware of potential safety hazards reduces an operator's risk of injury. The key to safely maintaining machines is to perform proper lockout/tagout procedures, follow established safety guidelines, and maintain a well-organized, safe work environment.
Summary: "Forces of Machines" provides a comprehensive overview of the physical forces behind machine functions. All machines are based on the science of mechanics, which deals with the effects of different forces that either cause or prevent motion. Understanding the different types of forces, the physical laws that define them, and the ways in which they are measured is crucial to understanding machine functions.Understanding how machines work is essential to working with and performing maintenance upon any type of machinery. This includes the ability to distinguish between contact and non-contact forces, linear and rotary motion, speed and velocity, and scalar and vector quantities, all of which serve as a basis for more advanced mechanical topics. After completing this class, users will be prepared to both work with and study more complex aspects of mechanical systems.
Summary: “The Forces of Fluid Power” presents a comprehensive overview of fluid power transmission systems. It offers a broad scope of information, from fluid characteristics and basic energy forms to force multiplication and the effect of fluid flow rate in a system. When pressurized, fluids are able to produce tremendous power with a minimal amount of effort. Maintaining constant fluid flow is essential for any system to work effectively. While the type of fluid in systems differ, the key components of all fluid systems and processes are similar. More importantly, the units of measurement are the same.Without a full understanding of fluid power and the units used to measure key components of a fluid system, a fluid system may not have the proper pressure, volume, force, or fluid flow rate needed to maintain constant fluid flow. After taking the class, users will be able to better recognize how fluids systems function and explain the variables that affect them.
Summary: "Safety for Hydraulics and Pneumatics" provides a complete overview of the best safety and injury prevention practices for fluid power systems. Fluid power systems rely on the use of highly pressurized liquids and gases. As a result, working with fluid power systems is associated with a variety of hazards, including risk of injection injuries as well as exposure to extreme temperatures and hazardous energy. Several devices and safety procedures can mitigate the potential for accidents and damage to system components.Without a thorough understanding of fluid system safety standards, procedures, and devices, working with pressurized fluids can result in severe burns, poisoning, respiratory damage, intestinal bleeding, and death. After taking "Safety for Hydraulics and Pneumatics, " users will be able recognize how to prevent accidental injury and equipment damage when working with fluid power systems.
Summary: "Introduction to Hydraulic Components" provides users with an overview of how the active and passive components of a hydraulic system work together to transmit power. The active components of a hydraulic system are the hydraulic pump, control valves, and the actuator. Fluid conductors and fluid storage containers are passive components. Each part of a hydraulic system contributes to the manipulation of pressurized hydraulic fluid in order for the system to perform work.After completing "Introduction to Hydraulic Components," users will have an understanding of how the main components of a hydraulic system work together to convert hydraulic energy into mechanical power. Fluid system operators should be knowledgeable about the functions of hydraulic system components and how each part contributes to the success of the hydraulic system.
Summary: “Introduction to Pneumatic Components” provides a comprehensive overview of pneumatic power and the elements that allow a pneumatic system to perform work. Users will become familiar with the physical laws behind the compression of the pneumatic fluids that power a system and they will gain an understanding of how each unique component impacts the efficiency and effectiveness of the system.
Transportation, manufacturing, and construction are just some of the fields that depend on pneumatic systems to perform work. Modern cranes, excavators, and automobile brakes would not be possible without pneumatics. In manufacturing, pneumatic technology is widely used for factory automation, with applications in all steps of product manipulation and processing. After taking this class, users will be able to identify the components that affect each step of a pneumatic system.
Summary: "Introduction to Fluid Conductors" provides a comprehensive overview of conductors in a fluid system, outlining the potential impact that each conductor has on a specific system. The unique types of conductors have a profound influence on the effectiveness of a fluid system. In general, every conductor offers a tradeoff between flexibility and strength. A fluid conductor must be matched according to the specific needs of a particular system. Without proper fluid conductor selection, leakage and a lack of system inefficiency may occur. Inefficiency will slow production and add excess waste and cost to the process. After taking this class, users will be able to better identify the types of fluid conductors and their specific advantages and disadvantages within a fluid system.
Summary: "Fittings for Fluid Systems" provides a comprehensive overview of the types of fittings used to join or terminate a conductor run, as well as an overview of the maintenance and instillation of fittings. The unique types of fittings have a profound impact on the effectiveness of a pneumatic system. In general, every type of fittings offers something specific in terms of its ability to move, direct, and seal a system. A fitting must be matched to the needs of the size, conductor type and fluid type in use.
Without proper fitting selection and maintenance, the pneumatic system will lose efficiency or fail. Loss of efficiency and system failure adds excess waste and cost to the process. After taking this class, users will be able to better identify the types of fittings used in a pneumatic system and how proper selection of a fitting will provide optimal efficiency within a system.
Summary: "Preventive Maintenance for Fluid Systems" provides an overview of the benefits of a preventive maintenance program for fluid systems. Contamination in hydraulic or pneumatic fluid is the most common cause of malfunction for hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Preventive maintenance involves using filters or strainers to prevent contamination in the hydraulic fluid. A preventive maintenance program requires system operators to follow routine maintenance schedules regarding seals, conductors, and other system components.A successful preventive maintenance program can help a manufacturing facility reduce downtime, lessen the need for costly repairs, and increase productivity. After taking this class, users will understand the benefits of a preventive maintenance approach for fluid systems.
Summary: This class covers basic rigging equipment, calculating loads, inspecting equipment, and following safety precautions.
Summary: This class covers the different kinds of equipment used in rigging, the properties of rope and chains, basic knots, hitches, and sling configurations, and fittings and end attachments.
Summary: This class covers basic inspection and safety procedures for rigging equipment and lifting devices.
Summary: This class covers the mechanical laws involved in rigging, as well as essential practices for calculating the weight of a load and determining its center of gravity.
Summary: The class "Math Fundamentals" covers basic arithmetic operations, including addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Additionally, it introduces the concept of negative numbers and integers. The class concludes with an overview of the order of operations and grouping symbols.Basic mathematical operations are the foundations upon which all math relies. Mastery of these foundational tasks will ease a student into more complicated mathematics, such as algebra and geometry, both of which are commonly used in a variety of manufacturing environments.
Summary: "Math: Fractions and Decimals" provides the methods used to perform basic mathematical operations using fractions, decimals, and percentages. The class covers addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division with fractions and decimals. It also discusses conversions between fractions, decimals, mixed numbers, and improper fractions.Almost any manufacturing print uses fractions and decimals in its measurements. Knowing how to handle these numbers and convert between them is an essential part of the basic skills needed to work in a manufacturing environment.
Summary: The class “Units of Measurement” provides a thorough explanation of the English and Metric systems and how conversion between them occurs. The common base units of measurement are length, area, volume, mass, and temperature. The English system uses inches, feet, yards, and miles to measure length, while the Metric system uses the meter, millimeter, centimeter, and kilometer. Metric conversion requires simply knowing the equivalent number of units and moving the decimal point accordingly. When converting between Metric and English units, use a reference chart, multiply, or divide, depending on the conversion.
Units of measurement are used every day in a production environment. Converting between units is often required, especially for businesses dealing internationally. After taking this class, users should be able to perform calculations involving common English units, metric units, and conversions between the two systems.
Summary: The class Geometry: Lines and Angles discusses the basic building blocks of all geometry: the line and the angle. Every print used in manufacturing is composed of lines and angles which must be interpreted to manufacture the depicted part. Though part geometry can be incredibly complex, all geometric prints can be broken down into simpler lines and angles. The relationships between the various angles formed when lines intersect can be used to solve geometry problems and interpret blueprints.
An understanding of lines and angles is fundamental to learning and applying geometry as well as trigonometry and calculus. After taking this class, users should have a grasp on the types of lines and angles used in geometry, the angles that are formed by intersecting lines, and tranversals. An understanding of the basics of geometry is necessary in various fields including inspection, part program applications, and other important areas of manufacturing.
Summary: The class "Geometry: Triangles" discusses triangles and the specific mathematical operations unique to them. While the triangle is a very basic shape, it can be found as a part of more complex shapes. Triangles are often used as the basic shapes that compose three-dimensional CAD designs. Right triangles also form the basis of trigonometry. Since triangles are so commonly used, an understanding of the types of triangles and the methods for calculating missing information from them is essential to users.After taking this class, users will be able to categorize triangles by their sides and angles, calculate missing angles based on the measurements of other angles, and determine the area of a triangle.
Summary: "Geometry: Circles and Polygons" covers the specifics of geometry involving circles and polygons with any number of sides. The class includes a discussion on the internal angles of a circle as well as the method to calculate the circumference and area of a circle. Additionally, this class covers the calculation of missing angles in any polygonCircles and polygons, along with triangles, are the basic building blocks of any geometric figure. Knowledge of the calculations and uses of circles and polygons can prove useful when working with prints in any number of manufacturing capacities.
Summary: The class "Trigonometry: Sine, Cosine, and Tangent" discusses the three basic ratios that are the basis for trigonometry. Trigonometry is based on the specific relationships between the sides and angles of right triangles. Using trigonometry, a person can determine the missing angle and side measurements of a right triangle based on the information present in a drawing.
Although solving trigonometric ratios often requires a calculator, users must know which ratios to apply to a particular problem and how to calculate them. In situations where parts are being manufactured, this knowledge is crucial to effective production of parts that require specific dimensions and angles.After taking this class, a user should be able to define the various trigonometric ratios, and use them to solve various problems, including calculating a taper angle on a print.
Summary: To better define a product, geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) is often used as a symbolic way of showing specific tolerances on drawings. GD&T is a valuable language that communicates the design intent to manufacturing and inspection. It is governed by the technical standard ASME Y14.5-2009. This course covers all aspects of GD&T. In addition to learning the theory, participants will see numerous examples that demonstrate specific applications. Participants are welcome to bring sample prints to the class for discussion or private consultation.
Summary: "Intro to OSHA" provides an introduction to the purpose of OSHA and how its standards and guidelines affect employers and employees. Most U.S. workplaces are covered by OSHA, and its existence has greatly improved workplace safety. Some industries are not covered by OSHA, however, and some states have safety programs that take the place of OSHA. OSHA standards are enforceable by law. Compliance with OSHA standards is enforced by inspections and record keeping, which have specific steps and requirements. Employers and employees have different rights and responsibilities regarding OSHA standards.
Both employers and employees benefit from basic knowledge about OSHA's purpose, standards, and practices. Violations of OSHA standards are punishable by law and render the workplace unsafe for all personnel. A basic awareness of the standards, rights, and responsibilities will help employees to bolster workplace safety as well as keep the workplace legally compliant.
Summary: The class “Personal Protective Equipment” introduces the purpose and uses of personal protective equipment (PPE). As defined by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), PPE minimizes exposure to hazards and helps prevent injury. In order to select appropriate PPE, employers must first evaluate the workplace with a hazard assessment. PPE may be categorized by the area of the body it protects. PPE is available in several types, designs, and materials. Every employer is responsible for providing the appropriate PPE for workers who require it, and it is every employee's responsibility to properly wear and use PPE.
OSHA does not often specify which types of PPE should be worn, but requires that employers train each employee in proper use and retrain when PPE changes or if PPE is used improperly. After taking this class, users should be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding personal protective equipment and how they impact day-to-day operations in the workplace.
Summary: In the class "Noise Reduction and Hearing Conservation," students will learn about the effects of sound and noise on the body and how to protect themselves from related injuries. Occupational hearing loss is preventable through hearing conservation.The two main types of hearing loss are conductive hearing loss and sensorineural hearing loss. Hearing loss may be caused by excess noise, hereditary factors, certain drugs, or illnesses. When excessive noise is present, employees must be provided with hearing protection. Using proper hearing protection will help ensure that ears remain capable of detecting important and subtle sound changes.Students enrolled in this course will learn various ways to protect their hearing and why preventative measures should be taken to avoid hearing damage. They will be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding noise levels and hearing conservation and the impact had on daily operations in the workplace.
Summary: "Lockout/Tagout Procedures" details the OSHA requirements and best practices for preventing accidental startup during maintenance and repair. It addresses electrical power and the many other forms of energy that a machine or device may use. All forms of energy must be successfully restrained or dissipated in order for safe maintenance. "Lockout/Tagout Procedures" describes using a lockout device that prevents unauthorized access of the energy-isolating mechanism. OSHA has strict requirements for lockout and tagout devices, which must be standardized, easily recognized warning signs. Users will learn OSHA's specific steps for all parts of the control of hazardous energy, from shutdown to startup, including defining authorized vs. affected employees.Following proper lockout/tagout procedures is essential to preventing employee injuries and fatalities. All employees must be familiar with lockout/tagout in order to prevent the dangers of accidental machine startup.
Summary: "SDS and Hazard Communication" focuses on communication methods about hazardous workplace substances and how they increase employee awareness and safety. Education, labeling, data collection, testing, and other communication methods detail the dangers of specific chemicals and offer methods of protection from physical and health hazards. OSHA requires that employers establish a written hazard communication program to communicate employee responsibilities, standard implementation, chemical hazards, and safety measures. Hazard communication programs must include a chemical inventory, specific labeling, SDS for each individual chemical, and training.After taking this class, users will be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding hazardous materials and SDS and their impact on daily workplace operations. Understanding these regulations is critical in maintaining workplace safety and efficient operation.
Summary: The class “Bloodborne Pathogens” explains the nature of common bloodborne pathogens and how to handle exposure in the workplace. A bloodborne pathogen is a microorganism present in human blood that can cause disease. Common pathogens include HIV, which causes AIDS, HBV, which causes hepatitis B, and HCV, which causes hepatitis C. Exposure to blood can occur in the workplace through work-related tasks and procedures, through accidents, or by administering first aid. To avoid exposure, workers should observe the universal precautions recommended by the CDC. Employers are required by OSHA to implement controls to minimize exposures in the workplace.Employees who understand how to protect themselves from bloodborne pathogen exposure make the workplace safer for everyone and benefit their employer. After taking this class, users should be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding bloodborne pathogens and how they impact day-to-day operations in the workplace.
Summary: "Walking and Working Surfaces" will inform employees of the ways they can decrease the risks of injury and death regarding walking and working surfaces by following the guidelines as provided by OSHA. Hazards exist when people or objects may fall from one level to another through various openings such as floor and wall openings, floor and wall holes, platforms, or runways. All openings must be guarded by devices such as railings, covers, and toeboards. Standards regarding the construction, dimension, and usage of stairs, ladders, scaffolding, and manually propelled ladder stands are also set by OSHA. Failing to use and maintain walking and working surfaces correctly can result in serious injury. After taking this course, employees will be able to describe OSHA regulations covering safe practices with walking and working surfaces and how following those regulations will positively impact daily operations in the workplace.
Summary: The class “Fire Safety and Prevention” examines common workplace fire safety procedures. Fires, no matter how small, should be reported immediately. Buildings are equipped with extinguishing systems that actuate an alarm and discharge an extinguishing agent to control advanced stage fires. Portable fire extinguishers are available for extinguishing incipient stage fires using the P.A.S.S. technique. Employees not authorized to fight the fire should evacuate immediately.
Employers should create an emergency action plan that dictates the procedures to be carried out in the event of an emergency. In the event of a fire, employees should stay calm, follow procedures, and go directly to assembly areas. Employers must account for all employees and provide first aid until medical services arrive. After taking this class, users will be able to describe OSHA regulations regarding fire safety and how they impact day-to-day operations in the workplace.
Summary: The class “Hand and Power Tool Safety” provides guidelines for the safe use of common hand and power tools. Employees should never remove any safety guards from a tool’s point of operation unless authorized. Tools must be regularly cleaned and maintained, and all blades must be kept sharp. The worksite must be kept organized, clean, and dry. All tool applications require PPE, including eye and other protection. Before working, employees must consult the owner's manual and be familiar with how the tool functions. Employees must also use the right tool for the job and follow the work practices that are specific to each type of tool.When employees use proper safety guidelines when handling hand and power tools, their employers benefit from reduced accidents on the job and lowered costs caused by work-related injuries. Safe handling of tools also increases work quality. After taking this class, users should be able to describe the safe use and care of hand and power tools.
Summary: "Safety for Lifting Devices" covers the different pieces of lifting equipment that may be used in the workplace and the safest ways to work with those pieces of equipment. Overhead cranes and hoists are used for lifting heavy loads. Other lifting devices include slings, portable lifting stands, gantry cranes, and derricks. Extra equipment is necessary to secure loads to lifting devices. This equipment must be inspected daily for excessive wear and damage.
Understanding how to maintain and operate lifting devices will allow future operators and employers to work with lifting devices safely and effectively. After taking this class, students will be able to describe the proper steps necessary to safely lift and transport materials within the work environment.
Summary: "Powered Industrial Truck Safety" provides an overview of safety topics related to forklifts and other PITs. OSHA has many standards surrounding the use of PITs in the workplace for operators, non-operators, attended vehicles, and unattended vehicles. OSHA also has detailed training requirements for PIT operators. To safely operate a PIT, operators must understand basic principles of stability, including the concepts of a fulcrum and centers of gravity. Operators must also be aware of the weight and shape of loads and what individual vehicles are capable of handling.Powered industrial trucks are a common source of workplace accidents, so a strong knowledge of how to safely operate and work with PITs is crucial for any environment where they are used. PIT accidents can lead to property and inventory damage as well as employee injury. Operators should know how to avoid OSHA violations and how to handle a load without tipping the vehicle.
Summary: "ISO 9000 Overview" provides an introduction to the key components and requirements of ISO 9001:2008. This class discusses the standard's eight sections, along with describing the role of a Quality Management System (QMS) and ISO 9001:2008's connection to other standards in the ISO 9000 series. "ISO 9000 Overview" also outlines the steps to registration, the auditing process, and the importance of continuous improvement.
ISO 9001:2008 is an internationally recognized standard that outlines the requirements of an effective, organized quality system. Many organizations are becoming ISO 9001:2008 certified to prove their commitment to product quality and customer service. Although streamlining documentation and implementing change can be a challenge, ISO 9001:2008 can create a more goal-oriented, connected, and efficient organization. This class helps new practitioners familiarize themselves with ISO 9001:2008's structure, content, and purpose in quality management.
Summary: This course is designed to teach the basic tools used in a lean culture when problem solving. The course is designed around a factory simulation where the participants will learn how to apply lean tools in a hands-on manner. Each participant will be responsible for tracking performance through visual factory methods. As the day progresses, lean tools are taught and applied to the process. This class is the first stage in an organization’s lean transformation. It is designed to bring all levels of the organization together in a fun and fast-pace exercise, where rank and file is left outside the room. This class should be used to help create a hunger and a passion for continuous improvement. Participants will leave excited to go to the next stage of the transformation.
Summary: Lean concepts have been adopted by many successful manufacturing companies as a way to reduce costs, satisfy customers, and increase profitability. The process of "becoming lean" may mean a company-wide transformation from current operating style. This course offers a methodology for linking the goals and metrics of a project or initiative to a company's strategic goals and metrics and provides the basis for tracking the effectiveness of lean initiatives.
Summary: This course teaches specific Lean Six Sigma tools, methods and techniques for performing business improvement and root cause analysis projects. Six Sigma performance benchmarking allows organizations to continuously strive towards perfection. Emotional decisions are replaced with logical fact-based decision-making tools. The Six Sigma Green Belt Team Leader is an important part of fostering a Six Sigma business culture by providing direction and vision to the team members as well as people in their organization. This ensures the team's contributions make for a successful project. The course links Lean Six Sigma principles with team activities and people development to enhance measurable results in operational excellence and ensures a thriving business environment.
Summary: Six Sigma Yellow Belt is an introduction to the Lean Six Sigma principles and methodologies, and how to apply them to your specific work environment as part of a team. In a team, the tools and techniques taught are vital to the success of a Six Sigma project, resulting in business improvement and people development.
Summary: Measurement, Inspection, and Gaging Level 1 provides fundamental lessons in proper interpretation of engineering drawings used in inspection of parts which have geometric controls applied per ANSI Y14.5. This course presents methods for developing and improving inspection skills. Through review of technical reports, examination of standards and evaluation, recommendation and incorporation of measurement equipment manufacturers practices, participants will learn how to optimize inspection equipment and reduce inappropriate measurement procedures.
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